Mr. Harshal Surange, Member, Technical Standard Committee

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IMPORTANCE OF TECHNICAL STANDARDS
IN IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY
by
HARSHAL SURANGE,
ACR PROJECT CONSULTANTS PVT. LTD.
THE NHB STANDARDS

TECHNOLOGY WISE, THEY GIVE US :



TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS FOR AN ENERGY
EFFICIENT COLD STORAGE – WITH TYPICAL CASE
DESIGN
TECHNICAL DATASHEET : USEFUL FOR VETTING A
GIVEN DESIGN
UNDERSTANDING OF VARIOUS IMPORTANT
PARAMETERS IN DESIGNING EQUIPMENTS AND THE
STORAGE IN GENERAL
IMPORTANT FEATURES





OVERALL LAYOUT : ANTE-ROOM, STAIRCASE, PLANT
ROOM POSITIONING ETC.
BASIC DATA SHEET IN THE SPECIFIED FORMAT FOR
ALL EQPTS.
HEAT LOAD CALCULATION FORMAT
IMPROVING INSULATION THICKNESSES FOR GENERAL
APPLICATION OF COLD STORES LIKE WALLS / CEILING
/ FLOOR
IMPORTANCE TO IMPORTANT DESIGN
CONSIDERATIONS LIKE EVAP TEMP, COND TEMP, TD,
ETC
MINIMUM INSULATION THICKNESS FOR VARIOUS INSULATION MATERIALS
BASED ON RECOMMENDED U VALUES FOR -4 TO +2 ° COLD STORAGE
Material
Wall
ρ Density
Kg/m3
K (at 10 0C)
W/mK
External
U value =
0.27W/m2K
Thickness
mm
Partition
U value =
0.58W/m2K
Thickness
mm
EPS
15 min.
0.036
150
PUF
38 min.
0.023
30-35
Type of
insulation
XPS##
Phenolic
foam ***
Mineral wool
***
Bonded fibre
glass/ glass
wool***
Ceiling/ roof
U value =
0.24 W/m2K
Floor
U value =
0.29W/m2K
Thickness
mm
Thickness
mm
75
150
125
100
50
100
100
0.025
100
50
100
100
50
0.026
100
50
125
100
48
0.033
125
50
125
100
32
0.033
125
50
125
100
*** Recommended only with vapour barrier and metal or FRP cladding min 0.5 mm TCT
## Recommended in conformance to ISO/FDIS 4898:2008(E) for properties of XPS used for thermal insulation of
buildings, Categories II, III & IV only.
“Note for partition wall: Insulation thickness for partition walls should be provided on both the sides of
walls. Incase of sandwich panel the insulation thickness shall be the total of the insulation provided on
both the sides.”
COMPRESSORS



SELECTION OF COMPRESSORS (W+S)
RECOMMENDED EVAPORATION AND
CONDENSING TEMPERATURES
DATA SHEET FOR COMPRESSORS
COMPRESSORS

Nos.
Compressor
Make & Model
Comp. RPM
Operating
Parameters
Evap. SST. /
Cond. Temp
(OC)
Refrigeration
Capacity
(KW)
Motor Rating.
(KW)
Total Electric
Power.
(BkW)
Remarks
Working
/Standby
CONDENSERS


SELECTION OF CONDENSERS
DESIGNER TO PROVIDE DETAILS IN THE
FORMAT PROVIDED
CONDENSERS
Nos.
Condenser
Make & Model
Operating
Condenser
Parameters
Capacity
Cond.Temp.(SD (kW)
T)/ in/out water
temp(OC) &flow
(lps)
Electric Fan
/Pump Motor
Rating
(kW)
Total Electric
Power (BkW)
Remarks
Working
/Standby
AIR COOLING UNITS


SELECTION PARAMETERS FOR ACUs
IMPORTANCE GIVEN TO CORRECT EVAPORATION
TEMP, AIR FLOW, TEMP DIFFERENCE, FIN SPACING
ETC.
AIR COOLING UNITS
ACU Make &
Model
Nos.
Operating
Parameters
Evap. (SST)
& TD* (OC)
Cooling
Capacity
(kW)
Air Flow
(CMH) &
Face Velocity
(M/S)
Material of Coil
Tubes
& Fins
Fin pitch
(mm)
Total Fan
Electric Power
(BKW)
ELECTRICALS




ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS – POWER FACTOR TO BE
>0.95
LIGHTING & ENERGY EFFICIENCY FEATURES
DETAILS OF ENERGY SAVING DEVICES TO BE
PROVIDED LIKE VFD, CFL, PLC CONTROLS ETC.
COP – INCLUDED AS A TOOL IN DATASHEET FOR
UNDERSTANDING ENERGY EFFICIENCY.
ENERGY SAVING FEATURES / DESIGNS
Details of Energy Saving devices
Brief Description and Savings
Light Fixtures CFL/LED
Natural Lighting for general areas
VFD for fans / compressors
Refrigerant Controls and Automation
Air Purger
Power Factor Controller
Energy recovery heat-exchanger
for Ventilation System
Renewable/ Solar Energy e.g.
PV lighting
PLC Control, & Data Acquisition
Any other features e.g. water
recycling, rain water harvesting …
CONCLUSION


STANDARDS PROVIDE ONLY THE BASE OR MINIMUM
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE COLD STORAGES. THESE CAN ALWAYS
BE IMPROVED UPON
INHERENT FEATURES OF THE DATASHEET HELPS IN
UNDERSTANDING THE DESIGN PROPOSED BY THE DESIGNER
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