6.6-SemField

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Semantic
0709
field
汪丹 陈璐 张亚红 曾晨 杨光
6.6 semantic field
What semantic field is
The use of semantic field
The features of semantic field
What is semantic field
Exercise:
Put the word into proper group according to their features
jazz music designer rock n’ roll
film nurse pop painting teacher
art
Music
film
painting
music
Jazz
job
pop
rock n’ roll
Nurse teacher
designer
a term to refer to the phenomenon
that vocabulary is an integrated
system interrelated in sense and can
be divided into semantically related
sets or fields.
What’s the practical use of it ?
罗格同义词词典
朗文多功能分类词典
本词典把英语词汇分类编排和详细解释,是英
语写作、翻译及增加词汇知识的必备工具书。它打
破了传统词典按字母排列词目的旧有形式,而把意
义相关的词语分类编排,每一个词目都列出释义和
例句,让读者清楚了解同类词语之间的异同,并且
能加以运用
They just break the tradition of arranging
words by alphabet. Instead, words are
organized together according to their meaning.
Words of the semantic field are related by the same concept
.
According to the theory
of semantic field, the meaning
of a word is decided by its
relationships with other words
in the same semantic field.
Every word can be put into at least one semantic field
Jobs
Vegetables
Tools
Landscapes
weather
woman
Sexy attractive
hot
Cold chilly cool
weather
She is not guilt. She hasn’t committed anything wrong.
She is innocent.
She is very pure and naive.
The features of semantic field
1, Since the vocabulary of a language is in constant change, so is the
semantic field
female
unmarried
Miss
married
Mrs
neutral
_
male
Mr
female
unmarried
Miss
married
Mrs
neutral
Ms
male
Mr
2. The semantic field of the same concept may not have the same
members in different languages.
伯伯,叔叔
uncle
舅舅
姑夫
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