The Sacraments of Initiation - St. Monica Catholic High School

November 20, 2013
Presentations: 4 squares of Jesus:
Finish Reading Guide Ch 5
Study Guide Ch 5
Exam 5 = Friday, November 22
Reading Guide Due Friday!!!
Extra Credit: 1 pt each box! Due
7 Sacraments
 For Catholics, the Sacrament of Baptism is the first
step in a lifelong journey of commitment and
discipleship. Whether we are baptized as infants or
adults, Baptism is the Church's way of celebrating and
enacting the embrace of God.
 Catholics believe the Eucharist, or Communion, is both
a sacrifice and a meal. We believe in the real presence
of Jesus, who died for our sins. As we receive Christ's
Body and Blood, we also are nourished spiritually and
brought closer to God.
Anointing of the Sick
 The Catholic Sacrament of Anointing of the Sick,
formerly known as Last Rites or Extreme Unction, is a
ritual of healing appropriate not only for physical but
also for mental and spiritual sickness.
7 Sacraments
The Catholic Sacrament of Reconciliation (also known as Penance,
or Penance and Reconciliation) has three elements: conversion,
confession and celebration. In it we find God's unconditional
forgiveness; as a result we are called to forgive others.
Confirmation is a Catholic Sacrament of mature Christian
commitment and a deepening of baptismal gifts. It is one of the
three Sacraments of Initiation for Catholics. It is most often
associated with the gifts of the Holy Spirit.
For Catholics, the Sacrament of Marriage, or Holy Matrimony, is a
public sign that one gives oneself totally to this other person. It is
also a public statement about God: the loving union of husband
and wife speaks of family values and also God's values.
Holy Orders
In the Sacrament of Holy Orders, or Ordination, the priest being
ordained vows to lead other Catholics by bringing them the
sacraments (especially the Eucharist), by proclaiming the Gospel,
and by providing other means to holiness.
Catholic Essentials
Chapter 5
The Sacraments of Christ
Sacraments ARE what they symbolize
To be a sacrament, a sign or symbol must
do the following:
Lead us to God
Come from God
Be an action of God
The best example
of a sacrament is
Jesus Christ himself.
Liturgy (the Work of the People)
The first and most important work
of the Church is to make present
Christ’s Paschal Mystery here and
now. We do this in liturgy.
All the sacraments are liturgy – the
work of the people…none are
private affairs.
Every sacrament is a community
affair – an affair of the Church.
Jesus is really present in Eucharist
Jesus is present in the priest, the minister
of the sacrament.
Jesus is present when the Holy Scriptures
are read.
Jesus is present in the community
Jesus is really present in the consecrated
species of bread and wine.
The Seven Sacraments
The Sacraments of Initiation –
Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist.
The Sacraments of Healing –
Reconciliation (Penance), Anointing of
the Sick.
The Sacraments at the Service
of Communion – Matrimony,
Holy Orders.
Sacraments of Initiation
Baptism – brings new
life in Christ.
Confirmation –
strengthens our new
life with the gifts of
the Holy Spirit.
Eucharist – nourishes
us with the Body and
Blood of Christ.
“Cradle Catholics”
Most Catholics are initiated into the
Church as infants through the Rite of
Baptism of Children.
The child’s parents and godparents
speak in the name of the child.
Catechesis takes place after baptism.
Formation is gradual as the child grows
The other sacraments of initiation are
received at a later time.
Effects of Baptism
Washes away original sin and any
other sins and the punishment due.
Makes us children of God and temples
of the Holy Spirit.
Welcomes us as members of the
Church, the Body of Christ.
Marks us forever as sharers in the
common priesthood of all believers,
and in Christ’s mission of justice and
Requirements for Reception of the
Sacrament of Confirmation
Be prepared to
profess the faith.
Be in the state of
Intend to receive
the sacrament.
Be prepared to
witness to Jesus
The Essential Rite of Confirmation
Proper matter: Chrism
Correct words or
form: Laying on of
hands and anointing
with chrism on the
forehead with the
words: "(Name), be
sealed with the gift of
the Holy Spirit."
Designated minister:
Development of the Eucharist
Christ instituted the Eucharist during a Passover
meal held at the Last Supper as a memorial of his
Death and Resurrection.
At the Council of Trent (1545 – 1563) the doctrine
of transubstantiation was defined and the Roman
Missal was published by Pope Pius V.
The Essential Rite of Eucharist
Proper matter: unleavened bread and
Correct words or form: Changing bread
and wine into the Body and Blood of
Christ by the words: "Take this, all of you,
and eat it: this is my body which will be
given up for you . . . Take this, all of you,
and drink from it: this is the cup of my
blood of the new and everlasting
covenant. It will be shed for you and for
all so that sins may be forgiven. Do this in
memory of me.“
Designated minister: Bishop or priest
Sacraments of Healing
Anointing of the Sick
Penance / Reconciliation
Our new life in Christ can be weakened by
suffering, illness, death, and the effects of sin.
Penance – Reconciliation - Confession
Penance renews,
restores, and strengthens
our relationship with God
and the community after
it has been damaged by
Penance shows that
God’s love is without
Healing and Forgiveness
Essential Elements of Penance
The acts of the person
who undergoes conversion
The intervention of the
Absolution from the priest
All Catholics are required to go to
confession at least once per year to
confess serious sins
God Alone Forgives Sin
Christian life is marked by
lifelong conversion
Even though forgiveness is
expressed through the
Church and this
Sacrament, God alone
forgives sin
Anointing of the Sick
The sacrament
encourages those who
are sick to overcome
the alienation caused
by illness
Jesus continues to bring
healing through the
prayers of the Church,
and through the
sacraments, especially
the Eucharist and the
Anointing of the Sick
History of Anointing of the Sick
In the Middle Ages the sacrament was
administered only to the dying and was
called Extreme Unction – “the Last
Viaticum – is the final reception of the
Since Vatican II, this sacrament is
celebrated for those suffering from
serious illness, for the elderly, for those
facing major surgery -- and for the dying.
Essential Elements of
Anointing of the Sick
The priest or bishop
• lays his hands on the sick person
prays for the person in the faith of the Church
anoints the forehead and hands of the sick
person with oil previously blessed by a bishop
Sacraments at the
Service of Communion
are directed
toward the
salvation of
others, not
toward those
receiving the
Holy Orders
Holy Orders
The ministerial priesthood
Sacramental ordination consecrates
certain baptized men to one of
three degrees of a sacred order:
Episcopate – bishops
Presbyterate – priests
Diaconate – deacons
Essential Rite of Holy Orders
A call by God to serve
the Church in a very
special way.
Essential rite includes:
the laying on of hands
by the bishop
accompanied by a
special prayer of
An indelible spiritual
character is conferred
on the ordained man.
Marriage is a
sacred covenant -that is an
between the
husband and wife,
and between the
couple and God.
From the time of creation, marriage has
been an institution established by God,
not by man.
Sacramental marriage was modeled on
the relationship between Christ and the
The goodness of Marriage includes:
The procreation of children.
The chastity of the spouses and their
fidelity to each other.
The indissoluble union of marriage.
The Essential Rite of Matrimony
The essential element of Matrimony is
the mutual consent to marry.
The words of consent must be freely
Catholics must marry in the presence
of a priest or a deacon, and in the
presence of two witnesses.
The spouses themselves are the
ministers of the sacrament.
The family is called
“the domestic
Church.” The family is
a living witness and
testimony of eternal,
unbreakable, and
boundless love that
the couple (and their
children) give to one
another and to the
The Seven Sacraments
The sacraments celebrate Jesus as the Way, the Truth,
and the Life.
The sacraments are a way for us to live life to the
The sacraments are the way to allow Jesus to touch our