A* in the English exam - original PowerPoint presentation, (ppt, 752Kb

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YEAR 11 REVISION
How to revise for an A/ A* in the
English exam
As Father Christmas for…..
A simple way to gain an A/A*
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Is to expand your vocabulary.
Try to find synonyms for the following words/
phrases:
I think that…..
Did you get any of these?
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believe
consider
conceive
recollect
suppose
imagine
assume
comprehend
envision
envisage
estimate
expect
surmise
suspect
presume
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foresee
determine
perceive
recognise
realise
ascertain
conjecture
conclude
deduce
infer
postulate
Predicate
Presuppose
Speculate
Affirm
accredit
Unit 2- 1 hour writing
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This exam will be a writing task. You will be
provided with two questions that may be
linked to the theme of the previous extracts
and will test your ability to write from a certain
viewpoint.
An example question
You have to give a talk to your class with the
title
‘Mobile phones; a blessing or a curse?’
Write what you would say.
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What’s the GASP?
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Genre- speech
Audience- your class ( teenagers)
Subject- mobile phones
Purpose – give your view, blessing or curse
Purpose: Top Tips
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You’ll be asked to persuade and inform.
It doesn’t really matter which words are used
in the question, e.g. Argue, persuade, give
your opinion, review.
Just make sure you give clear ideas that are
detailed and fit into a clear view.
How to plan
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Plan what you want to cover in each
paragraph
Think about how your paragraphs will flow
together
What order to you want your points in?
How will you hook your audience and keep
them interested?
Finish on a strong point.
PERSUASIVE TECHNIQUES
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Start with a statement that you may not agree with. For example, ‘Some
people believe that ……….however, I believe……..
Use useful linking phrases like ‘However’, ‘Therefore’, ‘Nevertheless’
Offer your own opinion, ‘I believe that….’
Use facts and figures to back up your point. ( if you don’t know any, make
them up but make sure they are believable)
Use emotive language.
Exaggerate and stress points. Underline your main points
Use ‘we’ and ‘us’ when you can. This makes the reader feel more people
are on the side of your opinion.
Remember the magic 3 rule. Say your point 3 times to make the
message more effective. For example, ‘These people are helpless,
vulnerable and destitute’
Use repetition
Make up anecdotes
Direct your points personally at the audience, ‘Surely you would agree?’
Use rhetorical questions. ‘Is this really what you want?’
Finish on a strong point, ‘Think about it!’
What’s your viewpoint?
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Choose an angle that you want to write from?
Remember that there are thousands of
teenagers all writing the same thing.
Could your angle be… an annoyed teacher
who is fed up with phones going off?
Make yours stand out from the crowd
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If giving your opinion on something, remember that
you could take on the persona of a character.
Be as imaginative as possible and don’t be afraid to
use humour.
Remember if using a different viewpoint- make sure
you let the examiner know you are still clear about
the audience and purpose.
For example, you could start your speech to a class
by thanking the teacher for inviting you in and then
talk as if you are a member of the public.
Make up anecdotes
…When I ride the bus, I have to put up with
obnoxious music played through cheap
mobile phones…
…I missed the bus and was stranded in the
countryside, without my phone I would have
been there for hours!
… I saw someone get hit by a car and
immediately dialled 999, without my mobile,
they would have died.
Hook them in….
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Your friend is lying unconscious on the road
after a hit and run accident….
What do you do? ……
Leave your injured friend and run in a blind
panic to the nearest phone box…. Or take out
your mobile phone and immediately help
save the life of your friend.
Plan strong points! ( think in
extreme)
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So, would you rather we communicate by
telegram, or morse code?
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Teenagers today are addicted to mobilesthey will be unable to fulfil normal healthy
relationships as all communication will be
through texts!
A* is about crafting your work
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A writer has deliberately crafted the way they
present their information. They consider every full
stop and every choice of word.
To get an A* is not about writing 4 pages, but writing
1- 2 pages WELL
You must spend at least 10 minutes planning and
crafting your writing.
You must consider the EFFECT of sentence
structure, punctuation and language choices.
Don’t be afraid to cross out- improve words or
sentence structure
To get an A/ A* you must…..
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Carefully select material- don’t ramble- think about what
you are writing
Think about your paragraph structure and sequence of
ideas, vary the pace of your story
Use a variety of connectives.. ( although, however,
despite, consequently)
Use a wide range of ambitious vocabulary
Use a wide range of sentence structures
Use at least 5 different types of punctuation to vary pace
and for deliberate effects
Ensure if you change tense you do this securely ( don’t
keep swapping from past to present tense)
SCREAM 3 !
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A Useful phrase to remember could be SCREAM3
S Sentence length and variation, superlatives and
similes
C Contrast ( state one thing then the opposite)
R Repetition, rhetorical questions
E Emotive language
A Alliteration, Adjectives
M Metaphorical language
3 Magic 3 rule
Make sure you SCRAPE an A
grade by remembering…
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S Sentence structure
C Check through your work
R Range of vocabulary
A Audience- who are you writing for?
P Paragraphs and punctuation
E Engage your reader, make yours stand out
from everyone else
Remember ….
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You will be assessed on your use of spelling, sentence structure,
punctuation and paragraph use. If you forget about all these things
you can go back and add paragraphs by marking your text with // to
show the examiner you want a new paragraph there.
Try to use a variety of punctuation ( :, ;?!) this automatically gives you
more marks.
Make sure you use a variety of sentence structures for effect. Use
long descriptive sentences followed by short snappy ones.
Try to expand your vocabulary. Use words you do not normally use. It
doesn’t matter if you’re not completely sure how to spell them. You get
points for trying.
Use standard English and avoid slang ( unless it fits your angle)
Make sure you engage your reader. Use any trick you can to
guarantee your reader is interested and continues to read.
How to draft
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Check you sentence structures- have you varied
them for effect?
Have you used a variety of punctuation for effect?
Change boring words
Can you add an adjective?
Spellings?
Have you used a range of techniques to
communicate your viewpoint?
Have you hooked or grabbed the reader?
Do you sustain interest?
Are paragraphs used correctly and do they flow?
Think of an examiner like a
fish you want to catch…
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HOOK them in
Choose your ANGLE
Use PERSUASIVE devices( to tempt them)
ANECDOTES ( to get them on side)
STRONG POINTS ( to finish them off)
Group activity- Create a model answer for
one of the following questions
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You have to give a talk to your class on the
following topic: Should addicts of alcohol or
nicotine be given the same medical
treatment for cancer as those who have led a
healthier lifestyle. Write what you would say
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Write an article for a teenage magazine in
which you give your opinion on the following
topic: ‘ Are celebrities the new Royal family ?’
QUESTIONS FOR REVISION
AT HOME
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Write an article for the school magazine
where you argue your view on the following
question, ‘ Are Zoos a harmless form of
entertainment or a public show of cruel
captivity?’
Write an article for a music website in which
you debate the question, ‘ With the rise of
shows like the X factor, is popular music too
manufactured?’
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