Some Facts About Proverbs

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Some Facts About Proverbs
关于箴言的一些事实
Pro. 1:5-7 “A wise man will hear, and will increase learning;
and a man of understanding shall attain unto wise
counsels: To understand a proverb, and the interpretation;
the words of the wise, and their dark sayings. The fear of
the LORD is the beginning of knowledge: but fools despise
wisdom and instruction.”
Pro. 3:5-6 “Trust in the LORD with all thine heart; and lean
not unto thine own understanding. In all thy ways
acknowledge him, and he shall direct thy paths.”
Pastor Chui
http://ChristCenterGospel.org
[email protected]
4/13/2015
1
Some Facts About Proverbs
关于箴言的一些事实
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箴言 1:5-7 “使智慧人聽見、增長學問、使聰明
人得著智謀、 使人明白箴言和譬喻、懂得智慧
人的言詞和謎語。 敬畏耶和華是知識的開端.
愚妄人藐視智慧和訓誨。”
箴言 3:5-6 “你要專心仰賴耶和華、不可倚靠自
己的聰明. 在你一切所行的事上、都要認定他
、他必指引你的路。”
Pastor Chui
http://ChristCenterGospel.org
[email protected]
4/13/2015
2
Keys to Proverbs - 1
箴言的钥匙 - 1
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God’s Purpose in View: God’s
sovereignty throughout the universe and His
rule over all human affairs is absolute and
undeniable. Yet equally true is the awesome
fact of man’s responsibility in all of his own
affairs, and his role in the affairs of the earth.
The Proverbs emphasize this decisive role that
each human being has in the issues of life. No
one can hide from personal responsibility by
suggesting that any failure is God’s doing and
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therefore beyond human accountability.
Keys to Proverbs - 1
箴言的钥匙 - 1
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看见上帝的目的:祂统治整个宇宙和
所有人类事务的主权是绝对的,是不
可否认的。然而,同样真实的是所有
人的事情是人的责任。箴言强调,每
个人都有生活的问题,每个人有决定
性的作用。没有人可以隐藏的个人责
任, 或提示任何故障是上帝做的, 或
超越人类的责任。
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Keys to Proverbs - 2
箴言的钥匙 - 2
God’s Son Revealed: In 8:23-31, it seems an
unmistakable description of Jesus Christ, who was
“in the beginning with God” (Jn 1:2), is “the wisdom
of God” (I Cor. 1:24), and “became for us wisdom”
(I Cor. 1:30). The book satisfies the human
appetite for wisdom and understanding, a hunger
that can only be fully satisfied in Christ. Proverbs
describe an ideal, an aspiration, a longing for
perfection. Yet Solomon was not perfectly wise.
Only Christ came in full example of all that
Proverbs extols, the One “in whom are hidden all
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the treasures of wisdom” (Col. 2:3).
Keys to Proverbs - 2
箴言的钥匙 - 2
透露神的儿子:8:23-31似乎是一个明确的
说明耶稣基督,祂是“太初与神同在”(
约1:2),是“神的智慧”(林前1:24)和
“成为我们的智慧”(林前1:30)。这本
书满足了人的智慧和理解的饥饿,只有在
基督里可以完全满足。箴言描述一种理想
,一种愿望,一个完美的渴望。然而,所
罗门是不完全明智的。只有基督能够完成
箴言的赞颂 ,“所積蓄的一切智慧知識、
都在他裏面藏著。”(西2:3)
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Keys to Proverbs - 3
箴言的钥匙 - 3
God’s Spirit at Work: The Holy Spirit is not
mentioned in Proverbs. But Wisdom refers to
her spirit (1:23), which is the Spirit of God.
Wisdom apart from God is impossible.
Therefore, His Spirit is prominent throughout.
Our time is the work of the Holy Spirit; it is the
Spirit who helps us mine the riches of Proverbs,
rather than Proverbs helping us understand the
Spirit. It has been said “The New is in the Old
concealed; the Old is in the New revealed.”
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Keys to Proverbs - 3
箴言的钥匙 - 3
圣灵的工作:箴言没有提到圣灵的。但
是智慧是指祂的灵(1:23), 就是说
上帝的灵。除了上帝, 智慧是不可能的
。因此,祂的灵是出现整个箴言。我
们现在是圣灵的工作,有圣灵帮助我
们挖掘箴言的财富,而不是箴言帮助
我们了解圣灵。曾有人说“新约是在
旧约隐藏,旧约是新约显露 。”
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Some Facts About Proverbs
关于箴言的一些事实
Author and Date
 Background
 Content
 Personal Application
 Unique Features
 Outline
 Truths and Actions

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作者和日期
背景
内容
个人应用
独特的特点
概述
真理和行动
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Author of the Proverbs
箴言的作者
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Solomon was the son of David and Bathsheba.
He reigned for 40 years (971-931 BC). He was
king when he was about 20 years old. He wrote
more books than others except Moses. His
strengths are in the realm of the mind:
meditation, planning, negotiation, and
organization. His reputation springs from its
practical results in the dispute over a baby, and
from direct statements of Scripture. I Kings 4:31
says he is wiser than all men.
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Author of the Proverbs
箴言的作者
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所罗门是大卫与拔示巴的儿子。他在
位40年(971-931 BC)。他是国王时
,约20岁。除了摩西,他写了比别人
更多的书。他的强项是思想:沉思,
规划,谈判,组织的境界。他的名声
来自实际成果,在婴儿的争议,还有
圣经的直接陈述。列王纪上4:31说,
他比所有的人更聪明。
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Date of the Proverbs
箴言的日期
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Probably around 950 BC. Chapters 25 to 29 are
identified as copied by “the men of Hezekiah,” which
places the copying at about 720 BC, though the
material itself was by Solomon, perhaps in a separate
document found in Hezekiah’s time.
大概是公元前950年。第25章至第
29章被认定为“希西家的人,”这
复制在公元前720年左右,但材料
本身是由所罗门,也许在希西家的
时候发现这个单独文件的复制。
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Background of the Proverbs
箴言的背景
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Solomon means Peaceful. And peace, with wisdom,
brought unprecedented prosperity to the nation, which
became a cause of wonder and admiration to the queen of
Sheba and to other rulers of his time. Wise sayings, like
music or other art forms, tend to blossom in such a time,
then endure through succeeding generations.
所罗门表示和平。和平,用智慧,带
来了空前的国家繁荣,示巴女王和其
他统治者都惊奇和钦佩。静思语,音
乐或其他艺术,往往在这样的时候开
花,然后通过后代承受。
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Content of the Book of Proverbs
箴言的内容
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Its unifying theme is “The fear of the Lord is the
beginning of wisdom, appearing in another form as, “The
fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge.” Six
truths are evident:
1. Wisdom is the most valuable asset.
2. Wisdom is available to anyone, but the price is high.
3. Wisdom originates in God, not self, and comes by
attention to instruction.
4. Wisdom and righteousness go together. It is good to
be wise, and it is wise to be good.
5. Evil men suffer the consequences of their evil deeds.
6. The simple, the fool, the lazy, the ignorant, the proud,
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the profligate, and the sinful are never to be admired.
Content of the Book of Proverbs
箴言的内容
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统一的主题是:“敬畏耶和华是智慧的开端,”另一
种形式是,”敬畏耶和华是知识的开端。” 六项真
理是显而易见的:
1。智慧是最宝贵的资产。
2。智慧是提供给任何人,但价格也高。
3。智慧起源于上帝,而不是自我, 要注意教导 。
4。智慧与公义一起。明智是好的,聪明也是好的
。
5。邪恶的人得的后果是邪恶的。
6。简单的,愚蠢的,懒惰的,无知的,骄傲的,
挥霍的,罪恶的,是永远不值得钦佩的。
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Proverbs’ Powerful Contrasts
箴言的强大对比
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Wisdom vs Folly; Righteousness vs Wickedness; Good vs
Evil; Life vs Death; Prosperity vs Poverty; Honor vs
Dishonor; Permanence vs Transience; Truth vs
Falsehood; Industry vs Indolence; Friend vs Enemy;
Prudence vs Rashness; Fidelity vs Adultery; Peace vs
Violence; Goodwill vs Anger; God vs Humanity
智慧与愚蠢,正义与邪恶,好与邪恶,生
命与死亡, 兴旺与贫困;荣誉与荣辱;持久性
与瞬时性,真理与谎言, 勤劳与懒惰 ,朋
友与敌人,谨慎与鲁莽, 忠实与通奸,和
平与暴力, 商誉与愤怒,上帝与人类
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Proverbs Personal Application
箴言的个人应用
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Proverbs tell how to order one’s values, which
leads to character, wholeness, and satisfaction. It
warns pitfalls of life and declares the folly of not
developing the fear of the Lord.
箴言告诉我们如何指导个人的价值
观,性格,整体性和满意度。警告
生命的缺陷,并宣布不敬畏耶和华
是愚蠢的。
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Proverbs Unique Features
箴言的独特的特点
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1. Proverbs give clear internal evidence of multiple
authorship.
2. It shows clear internal evidence of having been
put together over a span of 250 years, since
Hezekiah (25:1) lived long after King Solomon.
1。箴言的内部证据是多作者的。
 2。它显示的内部证据历时250年放
在一起,因为希西家(25:1) 活在
所罗门250年后。
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Outline of Proverbs
箴言的概述
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1. Introduction 1:1-7
- To acquire a disciplined and prudent life,
doing what is right and fair.
2. A Father’s warnings and wisdom’s
admonitions 1:8-8:36
- A father’s warnings, part 1 (1:8-19)
- Wisdom’s admonitions, part 1 (1:20-33) –
dangers of rejecting wisdom. This wisdom will
prolong his life and win a good name with God
and man. Trust God in life’s choices. Follow
His ways and He will make our paths straight.19
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Outline of Proverbs
箴言的概述
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1。简介1:1-7
- 获得有纪律和审慎的生活,要做正确和公
平的事 。
2。一位父亲的警告和智慧的忠告1:8-8:36
- 一位父亲的警告,第1部分(1:8-19)
- 智慧的告诫,第1部分(1:20-33) - 拒绝
智慧的危险。这样的智慧,将延长他的生
命,赢得了良好的名称在神和人面 前 。在
生活的选择相信上帝。按照祂的方式,祂
会让我们的路正直 。
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Outline of Proverbs
箴言的概述
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2. A Father’s warnings and wisdom’s
admonitions 1:8-8:36 (continued)
- A father’s warnings, part 2 (2:1-7:27)
- Solomon warns against adultery and other
folly (5:1-7:27); the danger of lust is treated
extensively; the danger of laziness (6:6-11) and
the characteristics of a villain (6:12-19).
- Wisdom’s admonition, Part 2 (8:1-36)
Solomon praises wisdom, which contrasts
Logos in John. Logos is another name for
Christ.
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Outline of Proverbs
箴言的概述
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2。一位父亲的警告和智慧的忠告1:8-8:36
(续)
- 一位父亲的警告,第2部分(2:1-7:27)
- 所罗门警告,反对通奸和其他愚蠢(5:17:27); 情欲的危险, 懒惰的危险(6:6-11
)和 恶棍的特点(6:12-19) 。
- 智慧的告诫,第2部分(8:1-36)所罗门
赞美智慧,对比约翰福音的道。道是基督
的另一个名字。
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Outline of Proverbs
箴言的概述
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3. The way of wisdom versus the way of folly 9:1-18.
The two ways of life are contrasted, with both wisdom
and folly personified as women.
4. Solomon’s proverbs and sayings of the wise 10:129:27. I Kings 4:32 says Solomon wrote 3000
proverbs. The sayings are couplets, using the literary
device of contrast. These proverbs range many topics,
without special organization.
- Solomon’s proverbs—1st collection (10:1-22:16)
- Sayings of the wise—1st collection (22:17-24:22).
These are longer sayings than preceding ones.
Synonymous parallelism is used. Like Solomon’s
short sayings, these describe wise and foolish
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conduct.
Outline of Proverbs
箴言的概述
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3。智慧与愚蠢的比较9:1-18。这两种生活方式
的对比,智慧和愚蠢用女人人格化。
4。所罗门的箴言和俗语的明智10:1-29:27。列
王纪上4:32说所罗门写了3000箴言。这些箴言
是对联,文艺设备的对比。这些箴言的范围很多
话题,没有专门结构 。
- 所罗门的箴言 - 第1集(10:1-22:16)
- 熟语的智者 - 第1集(22:17-24:22)。这是比
前面的较长的说法。使用同义并行。像所罗门的
短的说法,形容聪明的和愚蠢的行为。
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Outline of Proverbs
箴言的概述
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4. Solomon’s proverbs and sayings of the
wise 10:1-29:27. (continued)
- Sayings of the wise – 2nd collection (24:23-24).
- Solomon’s proverbs—2nd collection (by
Hezekiah’s men) (25:1-29:27)His scribes
worked from sources that contained many of
Solomon’s sayings. The scribes edited them
and included in an addition to the Old
Testament scroll. These proverbs are couplets,
like Solomon’s first collection (Proverbs 10-22).
They tend to teach by synonym rather than
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contrast.
Outline of Proverbs
箴言的概述
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4。所罗门的箴言和俗语的明智10:1-29:27
。(续)
- 熟语明智的 - 第二个收集(24:23-24)。
- 所罗门的箴言第二个收集(25:1-29:27希
西家的文士编辑)他的抄写员的工作包括
许多所罗门的箴言。文士编辑, 附加旧约
的古卷 。这些谚语是对联,像所罗门的第
一个收集(箴言10-22)。他们往往使用代
名词,而不是相反词。
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Outline of Proverbs
箴言的概述
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5. Agur’s proverbs 30:1-33.
- The life of God-fearing moderation (30:1-14).
Agur and the others in v 1 are unknown. The
first section is personal, sharing the writer’s
awe of God and his own sense of inadequacy.
- The observed wonders of life on earth (30:1531). The rest of Proverbs 30 contains wise
sayings that focus on nature rather than moral
instruction.
- The foolishness of pride and anger (30:32-33).
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Outline of Proverbs
箴言的概述
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5。亚古珥的箴言30:1-33。
- 敬畏上帝生命的节制(30:1-14)。第1节
的雅基和其他人历史不明 。第一部分是个
人的, 分享作者敬畏上帝和他自己感觉不
足之处。
- 观察地球上生命的奇迹(30:15-31)。其
余的箴言30章静思,专注于自然,而不是
道德教育。
- 骄傲和愤怒的愚蠢(30:32-33)。
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Outline of Proverbs
箴言的概述
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6. King Lemuel’s proverbs 31:1-31.
- A mother’s standards for a noble son (31:1-9).
Like Agur, Lemuel cannot be identified. The
first section (1-9) contains his mother’s advice
to him, warning against strong drink.
- An acrostic poem on the perfect wife (31:1031). Each verse begins with a different Hebrew
letter. This famous poem contains the Old
Testament’s description of a wife who earns
praise for her noble character.
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Outline of Proverbs
箴言的概述
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6。利慕伊勒王的箴言31:1-31。
- 母亲对一个的高贵儿子的标准(31:1-9)
。像亚古珥,利慕伊勒不能确定历史。第
一部分(1-9)包含他的母亲给他的忠告,
警告喝烈性酒。
- 离合诗最完美的妻子(31:10-31)。每句
诗一开始就用不同的希伯来字母。这首著
名的诗包含旧约圣经的描述,一个妻子赢
得赞扬她的高尚品格。
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Truths and Actions in Proverbs
箴言的真理和行动
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Truth 1. Attaining wisdom and gaining
understanding. “Wisdom is the principal
thing; therefore get wisdom: and with all thy
getting get understanding” exhorts Solomon
(4:7). Wisdom is knowing truth and how to
apply it to any given situation: understanding
is knowledge seasoned and modified by
wisdom and insight. The words “wisdom” or
“wise” and “understanding” occur over 140
times in Proverbs.
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Truths and Actions in Proverbs
箴言的真理和行动
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真理1。获得智慧和理解。 “智慧為首
.所以要得智慧.在你一切所得之內
、必得聰明。”所罗门告诫 (4:7)。智
慧是知道真相,以及如何将它应用到
任何的情况下; 理解是知识丰富的和修
改智慧和洞察力。 在箴言之內“智慧
”或“智者”与“理解”发生超过140
次。
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Truths and Actions in Proverbs
箴言的真理和行动
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Action 1. 4:5-9 Prioritize wisdom. Seek after and
cherish understanding. Accept that knowledge
without wisdom and understanding is futile.
9:10 Pursue the fear of the Lord, reproofs,
instruction, advice and humility. Know that from
these come wisdom and understanding.
2:1-6 Apply your heart, pay attention and turn your
ear to wisdom and understanding. Understand that
you must embrace them both, not just know about
them.
3:13-18, 21-26; 8:12-21 Embrace wisdom and follow
after understanding. Know that patience,
discernment, favor, prosperity, safety, and other 33
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benefits will result.
Truths and Actions in Proverbs
箴言的真理和行动
行动1。 4:5-9 优先顺序智慧。寻求和珍惜理
解。接受知识,没有智慧与理解是徒劳的。
 9:10 追求尊敬主,责备,指导,咨询和谦卑
的追求。要知道,这些来自智慧和理解。
 2:1-6 用你的心,要注意把你的耳朵听智慧和
理解的声音 。了解,你必须接受他们,而不
仅仅了解它们。
 3:13-18, 21-26;8:12-21 拥抱智慧和了解。知
道耐心,明辨,赞成,繁荣,安全,及其他
福利将于 会来 。
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Truths and Actions in Proverbs
箴言的真理和行动
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Truth 2. Acquiring Knowledge. The knowledge of Proverbs
consists of more than information, facts, and sense data. It
is knowledge that begins with the fear of the Lord and is
therefore godly knowledge that always includes Him as the
primary factor. Because of its divine source, it comes with
understanding implicit in it.
Action 2. 2:4-6; 24:13, 14 Seek out knowledge. Cherish it
as a valued possession when you have found it.
3:5, 6; 22:17-21 Study God’s Word and listen to the Holy
Spirit. Believe God’s prophets. Understand that these are
the true sources of godly knowledge.
14:3; 15:23; 20:15 Be prudent in how you give out
knowledge. Do not stray from the words of knowledge.
Share your knowledge with restraint, and do not let it
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become a source of pride.
Truths and Actions in Proverbs
箴言的真理和行动
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真理2。获取知识。箴言的知识超过信息,事实和
检测数据。 这些知识是从敬畏耶和华开始,因此是
虔诚的知识,包括祂在内是主要因素。由于其神圣
的来源, 必隐含了解。
行动2。 2:4-6; 24:13,14 求知。珍惜它作为一个有
价值的资产。
3:5,6; 22:17-21 学习神的话语,听从圣灵。相信神
的先知。了解,这是真正的敬虔的知识来源。
14:3;15:23;20:15 审慎态度,给你知识。不要偏离
知识的言语。分享你的知识与克制,不要让它成为
骄傲的源泉。
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Truths and Actions in Proverbs
箴言的真理和行动



Truth 3. Loving instruction and heeding reproof.
Discipline involves both instruction and exercise
designed to train in proper conduct or action.
Punishment may also be inflicted as a means of
correction.
Action 3. 9:7-9; 17:10 Embrace the discipline of
instruction and heed reproofs gladly. Realize
that man is inclined to turn away from both.
10:8; 13:18 Follow instruction diligently. Accept
the correction of reproof. Value their lessons.
Seek after both instruction and reproof.
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Truths and Actions in Proverbs
箴言的真理和行动
真理3。喜爱教导和留心责备。纪律包括
教导和培养适当的行为。处罚也可能成
为校正的一种手段。
 行动3。 9:7-9;17:10 拥抱教导,并很乐
意听从责备。人是倾向距离开这些 。
 10:8;13:18 努力服从教导。接受修正的
责备。重视他们的教训。寻求教导和责
备。

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Truths and Actions in Proverbs
箴言的真理和行动

Truth 4. The wise versus the fool. Proverbs
presents two categories of people: the wise or
prudent and the fool, scoffer, or mocker. The
former seeks wisdom and loves instruction;
the latter neglects discipline and spurns
reproof. Also, each can be characterized by
his response to parental and other authority,
the former bringing joy and delight, the latter
bringing shame, disgrace, and sadness.
Proverbs exhorts its reader to become wise
and despise the foolish and his folly.
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Truths and Actions in Proverbs
箴言的真理和行动

真理4。聪明人与傻瓜。箴言分两类人
:聪明谨慎的人或傻瓜亵慢人。前者
有智慧和爱教导; 后者忽视纪律和摒弃
责备。此外,每人都可以从他对父母
和其他权威的反应 ,前者带来欢乐和
喜悦,后者带来的耻辱和悲伤。箴言
告诫读者,喜悦智慧和鄙视愚蠢。
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Truths and Actions in Proverbs
箴言的真理和行动



Action 4. 10:14; 16:24; 17:27, 28 Be careful in what you
say. Measure every word. Do not speak unless it is
important that you do so. Speak only in order to build up
and strengthen. Be diligent in all your work.
6:6-11 Avoid any form of laziness. Serve those to whom
your lot assigns you with gladness. Seek to please those
under or for whom you work.
3:9, 27, 28; 10:4,5; 17:18; 23:1-3, 19-21, 26-35 Be frugal
in your handling of money. Practice good stewardship.
Avoid being either a spendthrift or a miser. Learn the
proper investment of time and substance. Do not
consume unnecessarily. Use, do not abuse the things
God gives you. Avoid drunkenness, excessiveness, and
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immoral sexual conduct.
Truths and Actions in Proverbs
箴言的真理和行动
行动4。 10:14,16:24,17:27,28 请小心你说的
话。测量每一个字。说重要的话。说建立和
加强其他人的话。所有的工作要勤奋。
 6:6-11 避免任何形式的懒惰。欢乐地服务他
人。在你的工作中, 求上下高兴 。
 3:9,27-28;10:4-5;17:18;23:1-3,19-21,26-35
节俭处理钱。养成良好的管理。避免花钱大
手大脚,或守财奴。学习适当的时间和资源
投资。不消耗不必要的。要使用,不要滥用
上帝给你的东西。避免酗酒,过度花钱,和
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不道德的性行为。

Truths and Actions in Proverbs
箴言的真理和行动



Truth 5. The proper discipline of children.
Perhaps biblical wisdom most significantly
challenges our modern philosophies and
practices of childrearing.
Action 5. 22:6 Train children to honor authority,
obey, and follow instruction. Discourage
rebellion, stubbornness, and disobedience.
13:24; 19:18 Practice consistent discipline and
corporal correction in rearing children.
Recognize that children are trained to
obedience by these.
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Truths and Actions in Proverbs
箴言的真理和行动



真理5。适当的培养孩子。圣经的智慧也许
最显着的挑战,我们的现代理念和实践的
儿童抚养。
行动5。 22:6 教养子女尊重权威,服从,
并按照教导。劝阻叛乱,固执和不服从。
13:24;19:18 实践一致的培养,在养育孩子
体罚修正。认识这些孩子们进行培训,以
服从。
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More Truths in Proverbs
更多箴言的真理


“The fruit of the righteous is a tree of life;
and he that winneth souls is wise.” Proverbs
11:30
The righteous are as trees of life that bear
fruit. Their fruit includes their reverence and
love for God, their godly example to others,
their mentoring of young believers in the
ways of the Lord, and their prayerfulness.
God wants us to be wise soul winners,
knowing how to deal with the unconverted
so that we might bring them to Christ.
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More Truths in Proverbs
更多箴言的真理


“義人所結的果子、就是生命樹.有智慧
的必能得人。” 箴言11:30
义人的生活是生命樹, 结出果实的。他们的
果,包括崇敬和对上帝的爱,他们的敬虔
的榜样给其他人,他们指导年轻的信徒在
主的道上,和他们的祷告。上帝要我们成
为明智的灵魂的渔夫 ,知道如何处理未信
的,因此,我们引领他们归向基督。
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References:
参考文献:
1. Several Internet sources.
 2. Several versions of the Bible.
 3. Hayford’s Bible Handbook, 1995.
 1。几个互联网资源。
 2。几个版本的圣经。
 3。海福德圣经手册,1995年。

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Gloria Deo
愿荣耀归上帝

4/13/2015
48
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