A World at War…World War I: 1914-1918
SEs: 2D,4C,4D,4E,4F, 4G, 15D, 19B, and 26F: Explain the significance of the following years as turning points: World
War I; Identify the causes of world war I and reasons for U.S. entry; analyze the impact of significant technological
innovations in World War I such as machine guns, airplanes, tanks, poison gas, and trench warfare that resulted in the
stalemate on the Western Front. Analyze major issues such as isolationism and neutrality raised by U.S. involvement
in WWI, Woodrow Wilson’s fourteen points, and the Treaty of Versailles. Analyze significant events such as the Battle
of Argonne Forest. Describe the economic effects of international military conflicts, WWI, Explain constitutional
issues raised by federal government policy changes during times of significant events including WWI. Discuss the
importance of congressional medal of honor recipients, including individuals of all races and genders such as Vernon J.
Baker, Alvin York, and Roy Benavidez.
WW I: Aftermath: Things that followed
after the war was over.
Homefront and Aftermath of World War I:
The Treaty of Versailles
The Treaty of Versailles was the peace settlement signed after WWI had ended in 1918. The
treaty was signed at the vast Versailles Palace near Paris; between Germany and the Allies.
Germany admits fault through the Guilt Clause.
Why was Germany upset over the terms of the Treaty of
1. Germany was blamed for the war;
therefore should pay for it (reparations) $33
Billion in 1921 dollars.
2. Severe restrictions on the German
Military: army limited to 100,000 men; No air
force at all. Limits on the number and types
of naval vessels. No conscription.
3. loss of vital territory = 10 percent of
German lands confiscated resulting in almost
13% of German population staying in foreign
4. Prohibition of union of Germany and
Homefront and Aftermath of World War I :
Treaty of Versailles, Reparations
Reparations =
how Germany was to be
made to pay for the
damage world war one had
The figure of 396.6 billion
dollars was set some time
after the signing of the
Homefront and Aftermath of World War I: League of
League of Nations = was an intergovernmental organization founded
as a result of The Treaty of Versailles
in 1919–1920.
The League's goals included
upholding the new found Rights of
Man, disarmament, preventing war
through collective security, settling
disputes between countries through
negotiation, diplomacy and
improving global quality of life.
Similar to today’s United Nations.
Homefront and Aftermath of World War I:
Domestic Policy changes
Isolationism =
The policy of noninterference in foreign
The United States wanted to
stay clear of conflicts
through this policy.
It isolated us by staying
neutral and at the same time
it protected us.
Homefront and Aftermath of World War I:
Wilson’s Fourteen Points.
The Fourteen Points = was a
speech delivered by President
Woodrow Wilson to a joint
session of congress on January 8,
The Fourteen Points became the
basis for Wilson’s terms for
German surrender. The main
points were: no more secret
treaties, countries must reduce
weapons, no country could
govern another and that all
countries should belong to the
League of Nations.
Fourteen Points was never ratified
by the U.S. Senate.
Famous people during time periods of WWI
Alvin York = One of the most
decorated Americans during
WWI. He received the
Medal of Honor for leading
an attack on a German
machine gun nest, taking 32
machine guns, killing 28
German soldiers and
capturing 132 others.
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