EU Feed Rules and Feed Import Requirements and the Global Feed

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EU FEED RULES AND FEED IMPORT
REQUIREMENTS AND THE GLOBAL FEED TRENDS
co-funded by the European Union and
Thai Department of Agriculture
Thailand
7March 2013
Session Name
Outline
• Preliminaries
– Key figures
• Intensify animal production
– compound feed
• Upcoming regulations on animal feed
safety
• Control of feed preparation, manufacture
and distribution
Future Perspektives
• Preliminaries
• First conclusion:
– Agricultural plant production has to be at least
doubled until 2050 (WHO)
– Intensification is clearly needed because
arable land cannot be adequatly increased
– Animal production is increasing over
proportionate because of increasing income
– To have enough ressources we have to
intensify animal production as well
– Mainly growing markets will be Asia and
Africa
• Intensify Animal Production
Global Compound Feed
Production 2011
• World industrial feed
production in 2011
was an estimated:
873 million
tonnes
• The industry is worth
approximately:
US$ 350 billion
Region
Million
Metric
Tonnes
Asia
305
Europe
200
North America
185
Latin America
125
Middle East /
Africa
47
Other
11
Total
873
Source: IFIF / Alltech 2012 Global Feed Survey
Evolution of global compound feed
production
240
220
200
180
160
140
120
100
80
60
1999
2000
2001
2002
EU-27
Source: Fefac
2003
2004
Other Europe
2005
Brazil
2006
2007
China
2008
USA
2009
2010
Global Food & Feed
outlook 2050 by IFIF
• FAO estimates the world will have to produce
ca. 60% more food by 2050
• OECD estimates the world will need 20% more
food by 2020
• FAO estimates suggest that animal protein
production will grow at least three times by
2050.
– meats (poultry/swine/beef) will double
– dairy will double
– aquaculture production will grow tenfold
Global Food outlook 2050 –
regional trends by IFIF
• IFIF anticipates significant feed production and animal
protein growth in Asia, Africa and Latin America.
• Expect to see wider geographic Europe, such as Russia
and Ukraine, and certain regions in Africa catching up
quickly on feed and food production.
• Estimate CAGRs for animal protein production until
2020:
– 2.55% in China
– 2.47% India
– 1.93% South America
FAO Outlook 2010 – 2050:
times 3! Source: IFIF
Animal protein / million metric tons
Pigs
201o
109,9
2020 128,81
Poultry Ruminants
Aqua
Total
98,2
67,5
33,9
309,50
115,09
79,11
59,57
382,58
2030 150,96
134,89
92,72
104,69
483,27
2040 176,93
158,10
108,67
183,98
627,68
2050 214,06
191,27
131,47
361,91
898,71
Source: FAO
In 2050 - meats 536,80 million tons - + 1,6% APR
- aqua 361,91 million tons - + 5,8% APR
3X
• Conclusion 2 (for world market):
– « Great future » - if plant production is able to
meet the demand in high quality feed material
– Growing demand for animal protein in food
– Growing markets are located especially in
Asia and Africa
• Feed and Meat production in Europe
Source: Fefac
Source: Fefac
Source: Fefac
Source: Fefac
Source: Fefac
Source:
Fefac
• Conclusion 3 for Europe:
– Compoundfeed is one of the most important
tools to intensify animal production
– Competition between food, feed and fuel use
is possible - but not what we want
– Demand for protein is more problematic than
energy difficency on middle and long term
– Several political economic programms are
founded in EU to get more independent from
imports (not only for GMO-reasons)
• Upcoming regulations on animal feed
safety
• « Food has to be safe for consumers at
any time »
• « Feed is a part of the food chain and for
that has to be safe as well as food »
• No « waste » is allowed in animal feeding
• This is, what Codex Alimentarius Commission stated
after the first Task Force meetings on « animal feeding »
• EU-regulations seem to be rather complete in terms of
feed safety
• from special cases of fraud we have to learn
– Amendments of regulations are sometimes necessary to make
fraud more difficult
• Other Amendments react on very special cases (import
regulations, e. g. for additives) or in case of new
scientific evidence about risks
• If all exisiting rules and regulations are followed we have
safe feed, including the possibility of tracking and tracing
and a lot of other measures
• In « Codex alimentarius » we all together have to agree
on the question what are the hazards and risks in food
and feed:
– Mykotoxins as thread for the whole production chain: very strikt
rules in EU
• Actual case in Germany
• Scientist estimate 25 % of every years harvest has got high
levels oof mycotoxins – unavoidable?
• Worldwide efforts are necessary to fight mykotoxins esp.
Aflatoxin
– Different opinion about use of antibiotics (AB) in the
production chain worldwide as e. g. processing aids
• Very clear position in EU; not tolerable in any way – even not
as performance enhancers or growth promoters
• Use of AB has to be preserved for cases of deseases under
control and with prescription of veterinarians
• Where ever possible no use of AB in animal production, that
are used in human medicine
• Intolerable to use AB as processing aids e. g. in production of
biofuel / ethanol, if there are residues left in later feed stuff
• Agreement is necessary which antibiotic substances may be
used in animal production legally and which maximum
contents of residues are tolerable (e. g. coccidiostats)
• Fighting against dangerous microorganisms in the food
chain
– EU began with fighting against salmonella
– Complicated and expensive programms
– More microorganisms will follow in next years
• Codex alimentarius work is very useful and necessary!!!
• Successful work since many years
• On feed we had several meetings of the « task force animal
feeding » years ago in Denmark and recently in Switzerland
• All delegation did a good job to harmonise understanding about
hazards and risk and their prioritisation
• Conclusion 4:
– Rules and regulations on safety in feed sector are
rather complete in EU
– New challenges may be found in microorganisms
– Work of Codex Alimentarius is very necessary and
worthy to harmonise understanding of hazards and
efforts to fight them on international level
Control of feed preparation, manufacture
and distribution
• Control of process is an interest of both:
authorities and business operators
– Feed and food safety aspects for officials
– Effectivness for producer, e. g. use of electricity,
reducing costs where possible
• Traceability (tracking and tracing) is a key
aspect for safety reasons
– Very short time in alert situation
– The quicker and better we are, the lower are risks and
costs!
– Key aspect also for additives!
• Control of process of production and delivering:
– Reduce crosscontamination where ever possible, if not tolerable
– Know from whom you get rawmaterial, where it is used and who
gets what; otherwise you have public recalls with name of
company and product
– Make sure to keep within minimum and maximum levels set by
law; otherwise you more and more get the risk of publication and
«blame and shame»
– Exchange of information and data between different business
partners and business operators gets more important!
• Quality assurance systems
– business driven systems besides regulated systems
by law
– Getting more and more important as a factor of trust
between business partners as well as between
business and consumer
– Systems are coming closer together
– Develoment to «chain covering» systems, not only
additives, feed, food, distribution and point of sale
– Be partner within systems like QS, GMP+, Ukasta etc.
• «Green measures»
– Ecologic production gets under pressure: Consumers
in Europe begin to understand that ecologic business
« is a business » and not «paradise»
– In the aspect of setting new political rules on « green
production »:
• Set aside of areas (7 % of acres per farm) will happen only
on voluntary basis; not mandatory
– Problem: financial help by member states of EU for
bio energy investments
– Markets should work without political influence even
in that area
Thank you very much for your attendance !
I’m looking forward for an interesting discussion
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