DA STRAW MAN The straw man fallacy occurs when person B takes an argument from person A and refutes a related but more susceptible argument in the place of the original argument. David Shircliff, Wesley Holloway, Gavin West Universal Example – Person A: We should liberalize the laws on beer. – Person B: No, any society with unrestricted access to intoxicants loses its work ethic and goes only for immediate gratification. In this fallacy, person B took person A's argument and attempted to refute it, but misrepresented "beer" as "intoxicants" -- not all intoxicants are beer. Straw Man in The Crucible P. 180 Act I Parris: "I am not used to this poverty...why am I persecuted here?" Mr. Putnam: "Mr. Parris, you are the first minister ever to demand the deed to this house --“ Putman, ignoring the direct question of Parris’, attempts to refute Parris by emphasizing something unrelated to Parris’ current situation. He brings up a legitimate point that is degrades Parris’ argument without being pertinent to the dilemma. Straw Man in The Crucible P. 233 Act IV Hale: "You must pardon them. They will not budge.“ Danforth: "You misunderstand, sir; I cannot pardon these when twelve are already hanged for the same crime. It is not just.“ Danforth is the character who commits the (straw man) fallacy. Danforth argues that people have hanged already despite this not being directly related to Hale’s original plea. He twists the argument from the live people to those he’s already condemned to the gallows. Citations • Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. N.d. Web. 13 April 2011 • Helen. “Teh Strawfeminist.”2007. JPG file. • Van Der Breggen, Hendrik. “The Straw Man Fallacy.” 2009. JPG file. • Blogprof, The. “Obama Strawman.” 2010. JPG file.