Share your responses.

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Mr. Kelly’s Essential Knowledge for Eighth Grade
Language Arts
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1A
What is the name of the literary term
where a poet uses similar vowel sounds
within the line to create an effect on the
sound of the poem?
assonance
1B
Listen to the following lines from Edgar Allan Poe’s poem, “The
Bells”:
Hear the mellow wedding bells Golden bells!
What a world of happiness their harmony foretells!
Through the balmy air of night
How they ring out their delight!
From the molten-golden notes,
And all in tune,
Poe uses similar vowel sounds within the line to create an effect on
the sound of the poem. What literary device is Poe using here?
A. assonance
B. simile
C. hyperbole
D. metaphor
A. assonance
1C
Give me an example of assonance.
Share your responses.
2A
What is the name of the literary term that
moves the plot of the story forward?
conflict
2B
[blank] is the literary term that moves the
complication of the story forward.
An example of this term can be found in Richard
Connell’s short story, “The Most Dangerous
Game.” The main character, Sangor Rainsford,
falls overboard and has to fight the elements to
survive.
A. conflict
B. irony
C. symbolism
D. point of view
A. conflict
2C
Give me an example of conflict.
Share your responses.
3A
What is the name of the literary term that
interrupts a story to show something that
has happened at an earlier time?
flashback
3B
In A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens,
Ebenezer Scrooge is visited by the Ghost of
Christmas Past and is taken back in time to look at
some of the happiest and saddest moments of his
past.
This is an example of which of the following literary
devices?
A. repetition
B. point of view
D. flashback
C. foreshadowing
D. flashback
3C
Give me an example of flashback.
Share your responses.
4A
What is the name of the literary term
where the author gives you hints or clues
to suggest events that will happen later
in the story?
foreshadowing
4B
Listen to the following lines from Edgar Allan Poe’s short story, “The TellTale Heart”:
It is impossible to say how first the idea entered my brain; but once
conceived, it haunted me day and night. Object there was none.
Passion there was none. I loved the old man. He had never wronged
me. He had never given me insult. For his gold I had no desire. I think it
was his eye! yes, it was this! He had the eye of a vulture --a pale blue
eye, with a film over it. Whenever it fell upon me, my blood ran cold; and
so by degrees --very gradually --I made up my mind to take the life of
the old man, and thus rid myself of the eye forever.
This is an example of what literary device?
A. theme
B. allegory
C. foreshadowing
D. flashback
C. foreshadowing
4C
Give me an example of foreshadowing.
Share your responses.
5A
What is the name of the literary term that
involves an overly exaggerated
statement?
hyperbole
5B
“I’m so hungry I could eat a
horse!” is an example of what?
A. rhyme
B. hyperbole
C. repetition
D. simile
B. hyperbole
5C
Give me an example of hyperbole.
Share your responses.
6A
What is the name of the literary term
where the author uses concrete words
or details to create a description that
appeals to the senses?
imagery
6B
Listen to the opening paragraph of N. Scott Momaday’s “The Way to
Rainy Mountain”:
A single knoll rises out of the plain in Oklahoma, north and west of the
Wichita Range. For my people, the Kiowas, it is an old landmark, and they
gave it the name Rainy Mountain. The hardest weather in the world is
there. Winter brings blizzards, hot tornadic winds arise in the spring, and
in summer the prairie is an anvil's edge. The grass turns brittle and brown,
and it cracks beneath your feet. …
In this paragraph, Momaday’s descriptions try to appeal to your senses.
What technique is this called?
A. imagery
B. verse
C. theme
D. conflict
A. imagery
6C
Give me an example of imagery.
Share your responses.
7A
What is the literary term for the often
humorous use of words or pictures to
express the opposite of its literal
meaning?
irony
7B
A boy is being smacked on the
backside by his father. As his father
hits him, he tells the boy, “How many
times have I told you not to hit your
sister?!” What is this an example of?
A. metaphor
B. symbolism
C. irony
C. irony
D. moral or lesson
7C
Give me an example of irony.
Share your responses.
8A
What is the literary term for a figure of
speech that involves a comparison
between two unlike things, without using
“like” or “as”?
metaphor
8B
Listen to the following lines from Richard Connell’s
short story, “The Most Dangerous Game”:
The lights of the yacht became faint and evervanishing fireflies; then they were blotted out entirely
by the
night.
What literary device is being used in this sentence?
A. simile
B. rhyme
C. metaphor
D. tone
C. metaphor
8C
Give me an example of a metaphor.
Share your responses.
9A
What is the literary term that describes
the atmosphere or overall feeling of a
story?
mood
9B
Listen to the first paragraph from Shirley Jackson’s short story, “The
Lottery”:
The morning of June 27th was clear and sunny, with the fresh warmth
of a full-summer day; the flowers were blossoming profusely and the
grass was richly green. The people of the village began to gather in the
square, between the post office and the bank, around ten o`clock; in
some towns there were so many people that the lottery took two days
and had to be started on June 20th. But in this village, where there
were only about three hundred people, the whole lottery took less than
two hours, so it could begin at ten o`clock in the morning and still be
through in time to allow the villagers to get home for noon dinner.
What is the overall mood of this paragraph?
A. sad and depressing
B. fearful and scary
D.
C. there is no mood
D. refreshing and cheery
refreshing and cheery
9C
Give me an example of mood in literature.
Share your responses.
10A
What is the literary term for a figure of
speech in which human qualities are
given to non-human things?
personification
10B
Listen to the following line from Richard Connell’s “The
Most Dangerous Game”:
His eyes made out the shadowy outlines of a palatial
chateau; it was set on a high bluff, and on three sides
of it cliffs dived down to where the sea licked greedy
lips in the shadows.
The phrase, “...the sea licked greedy lips...” is an
example of what literary device?
A. point of view
B. simile
D.
C. metaphor
D. personification
personification
10C
Give me an example of personification.
Share your responses.
11A
What is the literary term for the
character perspective from which an
author tells a story?
point of view
11B
Listen to the following line from Marjorie
Kinnan Rawlings’ “A Mother in Mannville:”
I was there in autumn. I wanted quiet, isolation
to do some troublesome writing. I wanted
mountain air to blow out the malaria from too
long a time in the subtropics.
What point of view is this story?
A. first person
B. second person
C. third person
A. first person
11C
Write a sentence that uses third person
point of view.
Share your responses.
12A
What is the name of the literary term
where the same consonant sound is
used over and over at the beginning of
words?
alliteration
12B
“Sometimes snakes slithered past...”
is an example of what literary
device?
A. onomatopoeia
B. alliteration
B. alliteration
C. assonance
D. personification
12C
Give me an example of alliteration.
Share your responses.
13A
What is the name of the literary term for
the different ways authors develop their
characters?
characterization
13B
Name three ways authors develop their
characters.
1. What the character says.
2. What the character does.
3. What other characters say
or do.
13C
Give me an example of characterization.
Share your responses.
14A
What is the literary term for the
underlying meaning of a story?
theme
14B
Describe one of the themes in Edgar
Allan Poe’s short story, “The Tell-Tale
Heart”.
guilt; murder; sanity vs. insanity
14C
Give me an example of a theme.
Share your responses.
15A
What is the literary term for the author’s
attitude toward the subject of his or her
work?
tone
15B
Ellen Conford wrote “Liverwurst and
Roses” in a humorous and
lighthearted way. What literary
device is she using?
A. mood
B. theme
C. symbol
D. tone
D. tone
15C
Give me an example of tone.
Share your responses.
16A
What is the literary term for a word or
phrase used over and over for an effect?
repetition
16B
Listen to this selection from Langston Hughes’ poem,
“Let America Be America Again”:
I am the poor white, fooled and pushed apart,
I am the Negro bearing slavery's scars.
I am the red man driven from the land,
I am the immigrant clutching the hope I seek—
And finding only the same old stupid plan
Of dog eat dog, of mighty crush the weak.
Identify the repetition being used and briefly explain why
that repetition is important.
Repetition=I am; narrator is
showing we are united.
16C
Give me an example of repetition.
Share your responses.
17A
What is the literary term for words used
to imitate the sound of a thing?
onomatopoeia
17B
The words: hiss, smack, buzz, and
hum are examples of which literary
term?
A. onomatopoeia
B. alliteration
A. onomatopoeia
C. symbol
D. hyperbole
17C
Give me an example of onomatopoeia.
Share your responses.
18A
What is the literary term where a
comparison is given between two unlike
things using the words “like” or “as”?
simile
18B
Listen to this line from Richard Connell’s “The Most Dangerous
Game”:
Rainsford's first impression was that the man was singularly
handsome; his second was that there was an original, almost
bizarre quality about the general's face. He was a tall man past
middle age, for his hair was a vivid white; but his thick eyebrows
and pointed military mustache were as black as the night from
which Rainsford had come.
When describing the General’s eyebrows and mustache, what
literary device is Connell using?
A. symbolism
B. metaphor
C. simile
D. personification
C. simile
18C
Give me an example of a simile.
Share your responses.
19A
You develop this Reading Strategy when
you use what has already happened in
the text to make reasonable guesses
about what might happen next.
Predicting
19B
Describe how the Reading Strategy of
Predicting can help you improve as a
reader.
Making guesses about what might
happen next keeps you focused as a
reader.
19C
Give me an example of using the
Reading Strategy of Predicting.
Share your responses.
20A
Identify the gerund phrase in this
sentence:
Kelly’s daily routine features singing
warm-up notes.
singing warm-up notes.
20B
Identify the infinitive in this sentence:
Kelly Clarkson was invited to speak at
our school.
to speak
20C
Identify the independent clause in this
sentence:
When I saw Kelly Clarkson, I was happy!
I was happy!
21A
You develop this Reading Strategy when
you use common sense and evidence
from the text to form opinions and come
to conclusions.
Evaluating
21B
Describe how the Reading Strategy of
Evaluating can help you improve as a
reader.
Stopping to form opinions about
what you’re reading helps you to
decide what you like to read.
21C
Give me an example of using the
Reading Strategy of Evaluating.
Share your responses.
22A
You develop this Reading Strategy when
you ask yourself questions as you read
the text.
Questioning
22B
Describe how the Reading Strategy of
Questioning can help you improve as a
reader.
Stopping to ask questions about
what you’re reading helps you
understand more and keeps you
focused.
22C
Give me an example of using the
Reading Strategy of Questioning.
Share your answers.
23A
You develop this Reading Strategy when
you stop and review what has happened
in the text so far.
Summarizing
23B
Describe how the Reading Strategy of
Summarizing can help you improve as a
reader.
Summarizing helps you to
remember and understand what you
have read so far.
23C
Give me an example of using the
Reading Strategy of Summarizing.
Share your answers.
24A
You develop this Reading Strategy when
you compare the text with something that
has happened in your own experience.
Connecting
24B
Describe how the Reading Strategy of
Connecting can help you improve as a
reader.
Connecting helps you to find a way
relate to the text, and if you can
connect to the text, you want to
understand and remember it.
24C
Give me an example of using the
Reading Strategy of Connecting.
Share your answers.
25A
You develop this Reading Strategy when
you stop to clear up confusing or difficult
parts of the text using information you
already know.
Clarifying
25B
Describe how the Reading Strategy of
Clarifying can help you improve as a
reader.
Clarifying helps you to stop and try
to figure out what you don’t
understand from something you’ve
read.
25C
Give me an example of using the
Reading Strategy of Clarifying.
Share your answers.
26A
What does it mean to understand the
meaning of a word based on its context?
Using the words around the word to
try to determine what it means.
(context clues)
26B
The professor was a favorite among the
students at the college. His sagacity was
helpful to them as they pursued their
degrees. The professor was known to
use his experience, insight, and
common sense to help students pursue
their education.
Use context clues to define the word
sagacity.
wisdom
26C
The word serene means peaceful or
calm. Correctly use serene in a
paragraph and give the reader context
clues to understand it.
Share your answers.
27A
Read the following paragraph and tell me which sentence has the
main idea.
Despite the hatred that most people feel toward cockroaches, they
do help humans in several ways. For example, they are perfect
experimental animals and are used for scientific research in the
laboratory. Breeding them is easy, for they thrive under almost any
conditions. In studies on nutrition and food, cockroaches are good
subjects because they will eat any kind of food. They can be used
to study heart disease, and cancer researchers work with roaches
because they grow cancerous tumors like those that are found in
humans.
A. in the first sentence
B. in the last sentence
C. in the middle of the paragraph
D. in two sentences of the paragraph
E. not stated in the paragraph directly (implied)
A. in the first sentence
27B
Read the following paragraph and select the topic sentence that best
expresses the main idea:
Birds eat with their beaks. Different kinds of birds eat different foods. Some
birds open their beaks and eat food from the air. Some birds have long beaks
to cut holes in trees and dig out food. Some birds have strong hooks on their
beaks so that they can tear their food. Birds have different kinds of beaks
because they eat different foods.
The topic sentence of this paragraph is:
A. Birds eat with their beaks.
B. Birds have different kinds of beaks because they eat different foods.
C. Some birds open their beaks and eat food from the air.
D. Some birds have strong beaks to cut holes in trees and dig out food.
B. Birds have different kinds of beaks
because they eat different foods.
27C
There is one sentence in the following paragraph that
does not contribute to the main idea. It does not belong in
the paragraph.
1April is beginning the lengthy process of choosing a
college to attend. She is buying and reading guides of the
best schools. 2She hasn’t completely ruled out working
for a year before attending college. 3She’s checking out
the many websites that provide information for picking the
right college or university. 4She’s even researching the
climate of the area of every school she considers.
Which sentence doesn’t belong?
#2 She hasn’t completely…
28A
What is the difference between a fiction
book and a non-fiction book?
Fiction=not true;
Non-fiction=true
28B
What is the difference between a
biography and an autobiography?
Biography=life story about someone
else.
Autobiography=author writes life story
about himself/herself.
28C
What is the difference between limited
and omniscient point of view?
Limited=through one character’s
eyes;
Omniscient=narrator knows and sees
everything.
29A
True or false, a table of contents is only
found in non-fiction books.
False
29B
True or false, a glossary is a list of
important words and their definitions.
True
29C
Which of the following is a good example of using
a book’s index correctly?
A. A student is looking up the name of a specific
explorer in a book of explorers.
B. A student is looking up the definition of a
word they found in the book.
C. A student is looking up the page number for
chapter twenty-one of the book.
A. A student is looking up the name of
a specific explorer in a book of
explorers.
30A
What is the definition of an idiom?
An expression that does not mean
what it says.
30B
“It’s raining cats and dogs” is an example
of what literature term? What does it
mean?
It’s an idiom that means the rain
is coming down hard and fast.
30C
Give me an example of an idiom.
Share your answers.
31A
A student is doing research for a paper on World War II
and has the following sources of information:
1) a few paragraphs from an unknown person’s
blog
2) an article from the online encyclopedia,
Wikipedia
3) a few paragraphs from Encyclopedia Britannica
4) an interview with great-grandpa Joe, who
served in the Navy for four years in WWII.
Which of those sources is definitely a primary source?
4. An interview with great-grandpa
Joe.
31B
A student is doing research for a paper on World War II
and has the following sources of information:
1) a few paragraphs from an unknown person’s
blog
2) an article from the online encyclopedia,
Wikipedia
3) a few paragraphs from Encyclopedia Britannica
4) an interview with great-grandpa Joe, who
served in the Navy for four years in WWII.
Rank these sources from best to worst.
#1. interview #2. encyclopedia article #3.
Wikipedia article #4. paragraphs from unknown
blog
31C
A student is doing research for a paper on World War II
and has the following sources of information:
1) a few paragraphs from an unknown person’s
blog
2) an article from the online encyclopedia,
Wikipedia
3) a few paragraphs from Encyclopedia Britannica
4) an interview with great-grandpa Joe, who
served in the Navy for four years in WWII.
What should this student do if the facts in the
encyclopedia didn’t match the Wikipedia facts?
Go to a third source.
32A
Read this introductory paragraph from a persuasive
essay and identify the thesis statement.
1Of all the problems facing the environment today, the
one that bothers me the most is global warming. 2Some
scientists say that the earth is getting warmer because of
the greenhouse effect. 3They argue that this effect is
caused by problems in the ozone layer. 4In this paper I
will describe the greenhouse effect and whether the
earth's atmosphere is actually getting warmer.
Which sentence is the thesis statement of the paper?
#4 In this paper I will…
32B
When you are using Nestorian order for
your persuasive essay, where should your
strongest point be located in your paper?
A. Right before your conclusion.
B. Right before your counter-argument.
C. Immediately after your introduction.
D. The third paragraph.
A. Right before your conclusion.
32C
When writing a persuasive essay, what
do you do in the rebuttal paragraph?
You bring up the opposing side’s
argument, and then you shoot it
down.
33A
What is the name of the point in the story
where you usually learn important
background information?
Exposition
33B
Using the plot diagram, correctly
identify the exposition of the story.
See board.
33C
Explain why the Exposition of a story is
important.
Share your responses.
34A
What is the name of the point in the story
where a problem gets the plot moving
forward?
Conflict or Complication
34B
Using the plot diagram, correctly identify
the conflict of the story.
See board.
34C
Explain why the conflict of a story is
important.
Share your responses.
35A
What is the name of the series of
events that build suspense, leading to
the climax of the story?
Rising Action
35B
Using the plot diagram, correctly
identify the rising action of the story.
See board.
35C
Explain why the rising action is an
important part of the story.
Share your responses.
36A
What is the name of the turning point of
the story?
Climax
36B
Using the plot diagram, correctly identify
the climax of the story.
See board.
36C
Explain why the climax is important to a
story.
Share your responses.
37A
What is the name of the series of
events in a story that leads to its
resolution?
Falling Action
37B
Using the plot diagram, correctly
identify the falling action of the story.
See board.
37C
Why is the falling action important in a
story?
Share your responses.
38A
What is the name of the point in the
story when the conflicts are resolved
and the story ends?
Resolution
38B
Using the plot diagram, correctly
identify the resolution of the story.
See board.
38C
Explain why the resolution is important
to a story.
Share your responses.
39A
List the steps of the writing process in the
correct order.
Prewriting-->Drafting-->Editing-->
Revising-->Publishing
39B
In the writing process, what stage follows
the Drafting stage?
Editing
39C
Why is the writing process important?
Share your responses.
40A
At what stage of the writing process
would you be working on a graphic
organizer?
A. Prewriting
B. Drafting
A. Prewriting
C. Editing
D. Revising
E. Publishing
40B
What do you work on during the Editing
stage of the writing process?
Self and Peer Edit Sheets
40C
Why does the Editing stage come before
the Revising stage?
Share your responses.
41A
At what stage of the writing process do
you write a final draft?
A. Prewriting
B. Drafting
C. Editing
D. Revising
E. Publishing
D. Revising
41B
At what stage of the writing process do
you type a final copy?
Publishing
41C
Why is it important to complete the
Revising stage?
Share your responses.
42A
Which of the Six Traits focuses on
improving the brainstorming you do for
your writing?
A. Ideas
B. Organization
C. Voice
A. Ideas
D. Word Choice
E. Sentence Fluency
F. Conventions
42B
Which of the Six Traits focuses on
improving the structure of your writing?
Organization
42C
What are the Six Traits of Writing?
Ideas, Organization, Voice, Word
Choice, Sentence Fluency, Conventions
43A
Which of the Six Traits focuses on improving
the enthusiasm level for your writing?
A. Ideas
B. Organization
C. Voice
C. Voice
D. Word Choice
E. Sentence Fluency
F. Conventions
43B
Which of the Six Traits focuses on
improving the way your writing sounds?
Sentence Fluency
43C
Why is it important for your writing to
have strong Conventions?
Share your responses.
44A
A noun is an important part of speech.
What is the definition of a noun?
Person, place, thing, idea.
44B
Read the following sentence from Gloria
Gonzalez’s short story, “Viva New Jersey:”
She crept quietly past the superintendent’s
apartment and deposited the animal in a tiny
room behind the bank of washing machines.
Identify one noun.
apartment, animal, room,
bank, (washing) machines
44C
What is the difference between a noun
and a pronoun?
A pronoun can be used to
replace a noun.
45A
An adjective is an important part of
speech. What is the definition of an
adjective?
Words that modify nouns or
pronouns, giving more information.
45B
Read the following sentence from Gloria
Gonzalez’s short story, “Viva New Jersey:”
She crept quietly past the superintendent’s
apartment and deposited the animal in a tiny room
behind the bank of washing machines.
Identify at least one adjective.
the, a, superintendent’s, tiny,
washing
45C
What is the difference between an
adjective and an adverb?
Adverbs modify verbs; adjectives
modify nouns or pronouns.
46A
An adverb is an important part of speech.
What is the definition of an adverb?
Words that modify verbs, giving
more information.
46B
Read the following sentence from Gloria
Gonzalez’s short story, “Viva New Jersey:”
Lucinda’s parents arrived from work, and she
quickly helped her mother prepare the
scrumptious fried bananas.
Identify one adverb.
quickly, from work (prep phrase-adverb)
46C
Write a sentence, using at least one
adverb correctly.
Share your responses.
47A
A verb is an important part of speech.
What is the definition of a verb?
Action words that describe what
nouns or pronouns do, think,
become, feel, etc.
47B
Listen to the following sentence from Gloria
Gonzalez’s short story, “Viva New Jersey:”
Lucinda’s parents arrived from work, and she
quickly helped her mother prepare the
scrumptious bananas.
Identify one verb.
arrived, helped, prepare
47C
Write a sentence, using at least one
verb and one adverb correctly.
Share your responses.
48A
Define parallelism.
Parallelism is a balance of two or
more similar words, phrases,
or clauses.
48B
This sentence has used parallelism
incorrectly. Revise it.
Kelly likes singing, dancing, and to read.
See board.
48C
Use parallelism to combine these
sentences:
Kelly likes to read. Kelly also likes to
play video games. Kelly is also fond of
singing.
See board.
49A
Listen to the sentence. Then, write the
sentence correctly, underlining there,
they’re, and their while using them
correctly.
They’re going over there to try to
get their toys back.
49B
Listen to the sentence. Then, write the
sentence correctly, underlining it’s and its
while using them correctly.
It’s difficult listening to this robot
because its voice is so strange.
49C
Listen to the sentence. Then, write the
sentence correctly, underlining two, too,
and to while using them correctly.
Two people went to the beach,
and Kelly wanted to go, too.
50A
The following sentence has a major
error. Write the sentence correctly.
This quiz has alot of questions.
This quiz has a lot of questions.
50B
The following sentence has a major
error. Write the sentence correctly.
Toys of all kinds thrown everywhere.
Missing a form of “to be”.
Toys of all kinds were thrown
everywhere.
50C
The following sentence has a major error.
Write the sentence correctly.
Kelly Clarkson won the first American Idol
she is talented.
See board.
51A
Read this very short story by Richard
Brautigan:
“It’s hard to live in a studio apartment
in San Jose with a man who’s
learning to play the violin.” That’s
what she told the police when she
handed them the revolver.
What do you think has happened?
The woman shot her roommate.
51B
Read this very short story by Richard
Brautigan:
“It’s hard to live in a studio apartment
in San Jose with a man who’s
learning to play the violin.” That’s
what she told the police when she
handed them the revolver.
Why did the character do what she did?
The bad violin playing and the small
space made her temporarily insane.
51C
Read this very short story by Richard
Brautigan:
“It’s hard to live in a studio apartment
in San Jose with a man who’s
learning to play the violin.” That’s
what she told the police when she
handed them the revolver.
What info did you use to understand this
story that wasn’t mentioned in the story?
Share your responses.
52A
No, Honey, I don’t want you to spend a lot
of money on my birthday present. Just
having you for a husband is the only gift a
wife could need. In fact, I’ll just drive my
old rusty bucket of bolts down to the mall
and buy myself a little present. And if the
poor old car doesn't break down, I’ll be
back soon.
What is the message?
The wife wants a new car.
52B
No, Honey, I don’t want you to spend a lot
of money on my birthday present. Just
having you for a husband is the only gift a
wife could need. In fact, I’ll just drive my
old rusty bucket of bolts down to the mall
and buy myself a little present. And if the
poor old car doesn't break down, I’ll be
back soon.
What is the tone?
sarcasm
52C
No, Honey, I don’t want you to spend a lot of
money on my birthday present. Just having
you for a husband is the only gift a wife could
need. In fact, I’ll just drive my old rusty bucket
of bolts down to the mall and buy myself a
little present. And if the poor old car doesn't
break down, I’ll be back soon.
Why does the wife say this in this way?
She’s upset that he’d ask about
how much her gift should cost.
53A
Ashlee was not happy with her friend
Samantha. “I’ve been waiting here for an
hour!” she growled into her cell phone.
“You’d better hie yourself over here,” she
continued, “or we’ll leave without you.
Based on the context, what does hie
mean?
move quickly, hasten
53B
No one suspected that Jerry was a spy.
On the surface he behaved like any
normal citizen. When his covert activity
was discovered and announced to the
world, we were all shocked.
What does covert mean?
hidden, secretive, undercover
53C
The workers stood in front of the factory
and wondered what to do next. The doors
were locked and the windows were
boarded up. They doubted that they would
even collect their final pay checks now that
the company was insolvent.
What does insolvent mean?
broke, out of money, bankrupt
54A
Jaxson rarely rides to school each morning. He
could take the school bus but prefers to walk the two
miles from his home to school. He believes that the
walk wakes him up and improves his learning
throughout the day.
Which is most likely true?
A. Jaxson always rides the bus home at the end of
the school day.
B. Jaxson never rides the bus to school.
C. Jaxson values learning.
D. Jaxson is usually late for school.
C. Jaxson values learning.
54B
Alexa’s main playlist has forty rock songs,
fifteen rap songs, and one country song. It
also contains twelve classical
instrumentals.
Which statement is probably NOT true.
A. Alexa likes music.
B. Alexa’s favorite music is country.
C. Alexa likes rock better than rap.
D. Alexa listens to a wide range of music.
B. Alexa’s favorite music is country.
54C
Brad put a load of clothes into the washing machine. An
hour later, he unloaded the damp clothes and put them
into the dryer. Later, he unloaded the clothes and carried
them upstairs in a basket. To his dismay, Brad noticed
that the load of laundry just didn’t smell nearly as fresh
as usual.
One of the following is the reason why. Which one is it?
A. Brad forgot to turn on the washing machine.
B. Brad wasn’t paid to do the laundry.
C. Brad had forgotten to put detergent into the machine.
D. The radio didn’t work.
C. Brad had forgotten to put detergent
into the machine.
55A
Jaxson’s older sister, Alexa, is a very good student.
She isn’t satisfied to just get by in school. She’s
involved in extra activities including band and the
Good Citizens Club.
Which statement is not supported by the paragraph.
(It may or may not be factual.)
A. Music is part of Alexa’s school experience.
B. Alexa is a straight A student.
C. Jaxson is younger than Alexa.
D. Alexa is a member of at least one club.
B. Alexa is a straight A student.
55B
Jaxson’s older sister, Alexa, is a very good
student. She isn’t satisfied to just get by in
school. She’s involved in extra activities
including band and the Good Citizens Club.
What is the main idea of the first paragraph?
A. Alexa was born before Jaxson.
B. Alexa likes music.
C. Alexa is a very good student.
D. Alexa is competes with Jaxson.
C. Alexa is a very good student.
55C
Jaxson’s older sister, Alexa, is a very good
student. She isn’t satisfied to just get by in
school. She’s involved in extra activities
including band and the Good Citizens Club.
Why do you think participating in extra
curricular activities can help your grades in
school?
Share your responses.
56A
No matter where you go, the Internet is following
you. Almost every portable device is being made
with an Internet connection. Most new TVs and
many other appliances come with Internet
connections as well. The Internet is
truly ubiquitous.
If something is ubiquitous, __________.
A. it is fuzzy and will bite you
B. it is everywhere
C. it costs too much money
D. it causes rashes
B. it is everywhere.
56B
Your cousin claimed to be late because the doors of
his house were frozen shut. Even though I have my
doubts, his explanation is plausible. It got really cold
last night. I'll just have to take his word for it.
If a statement is plausible, __________.
A. you must always believe it
B. you should never believe it
C. it's hard to understand because it makes no
sense
D. it's believable enough to possibly be true
D. it’s believable enough to possibly
be true.
56C
If you don't curtail your spending,
you'll be broke in no time at all!
Which word is a synonym of "curtail"?
A. reduce
B. follow
A. reduce
C. behind
D. buy
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