Chapter 2 Powerpoint

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MCITP Guide to Microsoft
Windows Server 2008,
Server Administration
(Exam #70-646)
Chapter 2
Installing Windows Server 2008
Learning Objectives
• Plan and make the appropriate preparations for
installing Windows Server 2008
• Understand the different installation methods used
and install Windows Server 2008
• Set up Windows Server 2008 from the Initial
Configuration Tasks window
• Activate Windows Server 2008
• Install and configure Windows Deployment Services
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
2
Learning Objectives (cont’d.)
• Install service packs
• Troubleshoot installation problems
• UninstalI Windows Server 2008
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
3
Preparing for Installation
• Identify the hardware requirements
– Check hardware compatibility
•
•
•
•
•
•
Determine disk partitioning options
Understand the file system
Determine upgrade options
Plan user licensing
Determine domain or workgroup membership
Choose a computer name
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
4
Preparing for Installation (cont’d.)
• Determine whether to install Server Core or the full
version
• Identify the server roles to implement
• Determine the immediate preparations
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
5
Identifying Hardware Requirements
and Determining Compatibility
• Determine requirements for hardware
• Plan for growth
• Redundant array of inexpensive disks (RAID)
– Prevent data loss from hard disk failure
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
6
Identifying Hardware Requirements
and Determining Compatibility (cont’d.)
• Hardware compatibility testing
– Consult Windows Server Catalog of Tested
Products
– May need to upgrade basic input/output system
(BIOS)
– Activity 2-1: Determining the BIOS Version of a
Computer
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
7
Determining Disk Partitioning Options
• Install Windows Server 2008 on existing or new
partition
• After installation use Server Manager to create
additional partitions
• Activity 2-2: Determining How an Existing Windows
Server 2003 Server Is Partitioned
– Objective: Determining the space on disks in a
Windows Server 2003 server and how the disks are
partitioned
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
8
Determining Disk Partitioning Options
(cont’d.)
Figure 2-1 Installation program detecting existing partitions
Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
9
Understanding NTFS
• New Technology File System (NTFS)
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Native file system for Windows Server 2008
Security advantages
File compression
Disk quotas
Indexing
Portable operating system interface (POSIX)
Journaling
Hard link
Self-healing disks
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
10
Upgrading to Windows Server 2008
• Upgrade Windows Server 2003
– Must be compatible editions
– Service pack (SP) level
– Release 2 (R2)
Table 2-1 Windows Server upgrade paths
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
11
Planning User Licensing
• Client access licenses (CALs)
– 5 or 25 for Standard or Enterprise editions
– Additional CALs can be added
• Flat cost per processor
– Datacenter and Itanium-based editions
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
12
Determining Domain or Workgroup
Membership
• Initial Configuration Tasks window
– Specify domain or workgroup
• Default
– Configures workgroup named “Workgroup”
• Requirements for adding to a domain
– DNS name
– Computer account on domain
– Domain controller and DNS server must be online
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
13
Choosing a Computer Name
• Follow organization’s naming scheme to change
from default name
• Recommendations
–
–
–
–
Maximum length of 63 characters
Shorter names up to 15 for easier typing
Should be different from other computers in domain
Use only standard characters
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
14
Determining Whether to Install Server
Core or the Full Version
•
•
•
•
Advantages of Server Core
Advantages of full version
Scenarios for Server Core
Scenarios for full version
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
15
Identifying Server Roles
• Roles available:
– Active Directory Certificate Services Role
• Digital certificate
– Active Directory Domain Services Role
• Shared directories
– Active Directory Federation Services
– Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
– Active Directory Rights Management Services Role
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
16
Identifying Server Roles (cont’d.)
Table 2-2 Active Directory Certificate Services
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
17
Identifying Server Roles (cont’d.)
• Roles available (cont’d.):
– Application Server Role
• Component Object Model (COM)
• COM+
–
–
–
–
DHCP Server Role
DNS Server Role
Fax Server Role
File Services Role
• Distributed File System (DFS)
– Hyper-V Role
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
18
Identifying Server Roles (cont’d.)
• Roles available (cont’d.):
– Network Policy and Access Services Role
– Print Services Role
– Terminal Services Role
• Terminal
– UDDI Services Role
– Web Server (IIS) Role
• Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP)
• File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
– Windows Deployment Services Role
• Windows Deployment Services (WDS)
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
19
Identifying Server Roles (cont’d.)
• Activity 2-3: Viewing Server Roles
– Objective: Determine server roles already
implemented and view all available server roles
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
20
Figure 2-5 Viewing server roles that can be installed
Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
21
Making Immediate Preparations
• Create a backup:
– If upgrading
•
•
•
•
•
Pre-install hardware
Disconnect removable storage devices
Disconnect UPS connections
Have drivers for new peripherals
Use test software disk
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
22
Overview of Windows Server 2008
Installation Methods
• Primary methods
–
–
–
–
DVD installation
Upgrade from Windows Server 2003
Installation for a virtual server using Hyper-V
Windows Deployment Services
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
23
DVD Installation
• Computer should be bootable from DVD drive
– Set BIOS to boot from DVD
•
•
•
•
Insert DVD
Turn off computer
Turn on computer
Follow installation instructions
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
24
Upgrading from Windows Server 2003
• Insert installation DVD
• Click Run setup.exe in Autoplay window
• Click Install now
Figure 2-6 Starting the installation
Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage
Learning
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
25
Installation for a Virtual Server Using
Hyper-V
• Windows Server 2008 can be installed as a virtual
server
• Installation steps nearly same as DVD installation
– First set up virtual server
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
26
Windows Deployment Services
• WDS
– Can be used for unattended installations
– Installation files sent over network
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
27
Performing a DVD-Based Installation
• Activity 2-4: Installing Windows Server 2008 from
DVD
Figure 2-7 Selecting the
operating system
Courtesy Course
Technology/Cengage Learning
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
28
Performing a DVD-Based Installation
(cont’d.)
Figure 2-8 Selecting the installation type
Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
29
Performing a DVD-Based Installation
(cont’d.)
Figure 2-9 Selecting the partition
Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
30
Using the Initial Configuration Tasks
Window for Setup
• Initial Configuration Tasks window
– Provide Computer Information
– Update This Server
– Customize This Server
• Activity 2-5: Performing Initial Configuration Tasks
– Objective: Use the Initial Configuration Tasks window
to start configuring Windows Server 2008
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
31
Figure 2-10 The Initial Configuration Tasks window
Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
32
Figure 2-11 Configuring networking
Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
33
Server Activation
• Must activate server before short activation period
expires
• Steps to activate through the Internet
– Open the System window
– Activate Windows Now
• Click Activate Windows online now
– Restart computer
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
34
Using Windows Deployment Services
• Benefits of WDS:
– Installs Windows Server 2008, Windows Vista, and
Windows 7
– Retains the ability to install Windows Server 2003 and
Windows XP
– Enhances performance
– Provides updated boot format
– Uses image-based installation techniques
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
35
Using Windows Deployment Services
(cont’d.)
• Benefits of WDS (cont’d.):
– Can utilize multicasting for network efficiency
– Offers a redesigned presentation for choosing which
operating system to install
• Preboot Execution Environment (PXE)
– Target computer has PXE-enabled software
– Windows Pre-installation environment (WinPE)
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
36
Installing and Configuring Windows
Deployment Services
• Requirements for installing WDS:
–
–
–
–
DNS server
DHCP server
Active Directory Domain Services
NTFS file system
• Activity 2-6: Installing and Configuring the Windows
Deployment Services Role
– Objective: Use the Initial Configuration Tasks Window
to install the Windows Deployment Services role
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
37
Figure 2-14 Selecting role services
Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
38
Installing and Configuring Windows
Deployment Services (cont’d.)
Figure 2-15 Specifying the shared folder location
Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
39
Elements for an Unattended Installation
• Set up for unattended installation
– Create unattend.xml file in \WDSClientUnattend folder
– Configure WDS to use unattend.xml file
Table 2-3 Variables for the unattend.xml file
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
40
Figure 2-16 Configuring Windows Deployment Services for
unattended installation
Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
41
Installing Windows Server Core
• Follow steps in text
• Implement server roles using start command
• help
– View listing of commands
– Example help start
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
42
Installing and Managing Service Packs
• Service packs
– Update software to fix security and other issues
•
•
•
•
•
Download from Microsoft’s download site
Review documentation
Backup server
Alert any clients to anticipated downtime
Document any problems that occur
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
43
Installing and Managing Service Packs
(cont’d.)
• Windows Update
– Install latest service packs
– Click Check for updates in Windows Update
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
44
Troubleshooting Installation Problems
• Ensure hardware compatible with Windows Server
2008
• Test hardware before installing operating system
• Run computer manufacturer’s diagnostics
• Run hard drive test
• Most problems related to hardware or hardware
drivers
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
45
Table 2-4 Troubleshooting a Windows Server 2008 installation
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
46
Uninstalling Windows Server 2008
• Format partition on which operating system installed
– Install another OS
– FDISK and FORMAT
– DISKPART
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
47
Summary
• Complete preinstallation tasks
• Consider server role
• Installation methods
– DVD, upgrade, Hyper-V, WDS
•
•
•
•
•
Initial Configuration Tasks window
Activate immediately after installation
Install service packs promptly
Follow troubleshooting suggestions
Uninstall by reformatting partition
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)
48
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