NRA BASIC PISTOL - Escambia River Gun Club

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SAFETY FIRST
NO LIVE AMMUNITION
IN CLASSROOM!
ERML’s Sportsman’s Foundation
Firearms Safety and CCW Course
Course Outline
• Our class is divided into two parts, classroom instruction
and range qualification.
• The course is meant to be interactive, please ask
questions when you have them, we expect the students
to participate as much as the instructors.
• Ask questions, but no war stories.
• This is a concealed firearms course
– Florida issues a concealed weapons and firearms
license
– The instructors can discuss concealed weapons after
this course or on the breaks
• Why are you here?
• What do you expect from us?
• What do you want to leave
here with?
COURSE REQUIREMENTS
To pass this course, you must use what you have
been taught in the classroom by demonstrating
firearms safety and proficiency on the range
Range Proficiency
Proficiency is defined as the ability to place 80
percent of all rounds fired in an 8x10 inch
rectangle or 10 inch circle at the distance
of 7 yards.
Why Carry A Concealed
Firearm?
• Police have no legal duty to protect any
individual citizen from crime
• Criminals choose the time and place of
their assaults
• Criminals choose their victims
• Victims have no rights
• Refuse to be a victim
• Your safety is in your hands
When was the last time you heard the news and it
went something like this...
• "Tonight, police foiled an attempted rape as
they saw a man stalking a woman back to her
car at the mall parking lot. Police watched
the man long enough to determine his
intentions, then arrested him just before he
pulled a knife on the woman as she placed
her child in a car seat"?
Should I Carry?
The first step in deciding to carry a concealed
firearm is a personal assessment. You need to
ask yourself an important question, and give
yourself an honest answer...
• If I had to, could I use lethal force to
defend myself, my family, or even
others around me?
• If the answer is no you should
not carry a concealed firearm.
If the answer is yes…then you need to know
your responsibilities
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You are carrying a deadly firearm
Know the law
Safe handling
Training
Practice
Law and Firearms
Introduction
• As a gun owner you have a responsibility to
know and to obey the law regarding the proper
carry, use, and storage of a firearm
• The best way to avoid legal problems
associated with the use of a firearm is to not
use the firearm.
Lawful Use Without a License
You may possess a firearm:
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In your home
At Your business
In your vehicle
At a shooting event/range
While hunting
While camping or fishing provided that State and
Federal laws are complied with
• While transporting to and from a gun store
Open Carry of Firearms
You may not openly carry a firearm in
public unless lawfully engaged in hunting,
fishing, camping, or target shooting at a
range.
Carrying a weapon in a
vehicle without a CCW
• An unlicensed gun owner, over the age of 18,
may legally carry a weapon in a motor vehicle, if
the firearm is “securely encased” or “not readily
accessible for immediate use.”
• Securely encased: glove box, gun case, closed
container, snapped holster*
• Not readily accessible: not carried on the person
or in such close proximity that it can be retrieved
as if on your person.
Exceptions to Vehicle Carry
without a CCW
• Firearms may not be allowed in certain
State and Federal Parks.
• Firearms cannot be brought onto school
property or within 1000 feet of school
property.
• Firearms or weapons cannot be brought
onto Military Bases.
• Cannot carry loaded firearms over State
lines.
Storage of Firearms
• You are responsible for misuse. If lost or stolen report
to proper authorities.
• DO NOT ever leave your firearm unsecured where you
have reason to believe that it may be accessible to a
minor.
• If a minor gets hold of an unsecured firearm and
harms himself or others, you can be prosecuted for a
third degree felony. Additionally, you may be sued in
civil court.
• Secured means in (1) a locked box or container, (2) a
location which a reasonable person would believe to
be secure, (3) or secured with a trigger lock.
Minors and Firearms
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Minors under the age of 16 may use firearms, BB guns,
electric weapons or gas operated weapons only under
adult supervision.
Minors 16 or older may possess firearms, BB guns,
electric weapons or gas operated weapons while
engaged in hunting or target shooting without adult
supervision.
Minors may not otherwise use or possess loaded
firearms.
Parents who knowingly permit violations of these
provisions may be criminally prosecuted.
Don’t sell or transfer a firearm to a minor
Carrying A Concealed
Weapon
• It is a felony for anyone other than a law enforcement
officer to carry a concealed firearm without a
concealed weapon and firearms license
• You can apply for a license from the Department of
Agriculture and Consumer Services.
• A concealed weapons and firearms license does not
permit its holder to carry a weapon into governmental
buildings, police stations or sheriff’s offices,
courthouses, prisons, jails, polling places, schools,
universities, athletic events, bars, airports, places of
public nuisance or any place where carrying weapons
is prohibited by federal law.
• CCW license holders / Federal and State parks.
Restrictions by Private
Property Owners and
Businesses
• A concealed carry permit does not
override the rights of private property
owners to restrict possession of firearms
on their property.
• A CCW holder employee may store his
firearm locked in his private vehicle while
on the premises of his employer.
Benefits of a Concealed Carry Permit
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Concealed carry in 34 States
School zones (but not on school property)
Apartments and condominiums- common areas
Employee storing firearm in vehicle at work
Loaded transport across state lines
Transport of handguns in Alabama
No waiting period for handgun purchase
Use of Deadly Force
Introduction
• Try not to let pride, anger, embarrassment
or similar emotions dictate your actions.
• A single shot from firearm can ruin more
than one life and is capable of shattering
more than one family.
• Do not introduce a gun into a fist fight and
NEVER mix alcohol and firearms
Improper display of Firearms
The old adage of not pulling your firearm
unless you intend to use it applies even
today. Never draw or brandish your
firearm unless you believe that you have
the legal and moral justification to
immediately use it.
Florida Law Regarding
Firearms and Self- Defense
“A person is justified in using force, except deadly force,
against another when and to the extent that the person
reasonably believes that such conduct is necessary to
defend himself or herself or another against the other’s
imminent use of unlawful force.”
However, a person is justified in deadly force when one has
reason to believe,
“that such force is necessary to prevent imminent death
or great bodily harm to himself or herself or another or
to prevent the imminent commission of a forcible
felony”
Standing Your Ground
“A person who is not engaged in unlawful activity
and who is attacked in any other place where he or
she has a right to be has no duty to retreat and has
the right to stand his or her ground and meet force
with force, including deadly force if he or she
reasonably believes it is necessary to do so to
prevent death or great bodily harm to himself or
herself or another or to prevent the commission of a
forcible felony.” 776.013 (2)(d) Fla. Stat.
Best Practice
Regardless of the current status of the law,
you should always try to retreat or
withdraw from a potentially deadly
confrontation if possible to do so safely.
1994-2000
NYPD Hit Ratios By Distance
Gunfights, Other Shootings vs. Perpetrator, and Against
Dogs
Distance
(Yards)
0-2
3-7
8-15
16-25
25
Unknown
Hit Ratio
38%
17%
9%
8%
4%
2%
Self Defense in the Home
“The law will presume the existence of a reasonable fear of
imminent death or great bodily harm, where an intruder is
attempting to forcibly enter another person’s dwelling or
occupied vehicle, or where the intruder is attempting to
forcibly remove an individual from a home or vehicle”
This presumption of reasonable fear of imminent death
DOES NOT apply where the “intruder”:
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was a lawful resident of the dwelling or owner of the vehicle;
was the child, grandchild or in the lawful custody of the lawful resident;
was a member of law enforcement attempting to perform his or her lawful
duties.
BE SMART
If you have a problem with the police or a
question as to whether an officer’s actions are
“lawful”, take it up in court. Do not resist the
police on the street.
“A person is not justified in the use of force to resist an
arrest by a LEO, or to resist a LEO who is engaged in
the execution of a legal duty, if the LEO was acting in
good faith and he or she is known, or reasonably
appears, to be a LEO.” 776.051(1) Fla. Stat.
Aggressors in confrontations
can only claim self-defense if…
• The aggression is responded to with deadly
force
• The “aggressor” obviously and clearly tries to
withdraw from the confrontation and the
opponent continues to use force. ( Do not
count on this exception if you are the initiator)
What to do if you are forced to use
your firearm in self-defense
• Call 911 and summon law enforcement and an
ambulance and then SHUT UP
• Do not speak to a criminal investigator before
consulting a lawyer specializing in criminal
defense
• Don’t tamper with the scene.
• By law you cannot be arrested or prosecuted for
the lawful use of force, unless the investigating
agency has probable cause to believe that the
use of force was unlawful.
What to do if you are forced to use
your firearm in self-defense
• There are many qualified criminal lawyers in this area.
Personally, if I needed representation for a firearm related
incident, I would call either Andrew Marks (439-1818); Ron
Johnson or Roy Kinsey at (434-5267).
• Understand that the legal fees for defending you in a firearm
related event can easily exceed $25,000.00. Is that $500 car
radio system worth it?
• If you are sued, contact your home insurance carrier, if they
deny benefits to you, contact a civil lawyer who specializes in
first party insurance claims
Supplement
The laws regarding concealed weapon carry and
the use of deadly force vary from state to state.
The internet site: http://handgunlaw.us/ has
information that you may find useful if you
intend to travel to other states while armed.
Selecting a Handgun
Carrying a Concealed Firearm
is a lifestyle
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Method of Concealment
Clothing
Holsters
Size of firearm
Weight of firearm
Choosing ammunition
Concealed Carry, Which
gun is the best?
• The best gun for someone who doesn't want
one, or who won't practice with it, is -- NONE.
• If you are not willing to practice, please do not
carry a concealed firearm.
• There is no one best caliber or gun. Oddly
enough, we are all individuals. Asking what
caliber of gun is best for a woman is exactly the
same thing as asking what caliber or gun is best
for a man. And the answer is, "It depends.“
Which gun to buy? Cont’d
• After you have made the decision to
carry…
– How are you going to carry it?
– Think it thru again!
– Ask Advice
– Borrow gun or try at Gun Shop
– Borrow Holster
Selecting a Handgun
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Beretta
Browning
Caspian
Colt
Daly
Dan Wesson
Ed Brown
EAA (European American
Armory)
• Glock
• Heckler & Koch (H&K)
• High Standard
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Kel-Tec
Kimber
Les Baer
Para-Ordinance
Rossi
Ruger
Sig Sauer
Smith & Wesson
Springfield Armory
Taurus
Kahr
Revolver
• Pros
– Easy to load
– Easy to shoot
– Reliable/won’t jam
• Cons
– Harder to conceal
– Holds less rounds
– Slower to reload
Components of a Revolver
Revolvers
There are two basic types of revolvers:
Single action
• Squeezing the trigger of a single action revolver does only one thing – it
releases the hammer to strike the firing pin
• Single action revolvers have to be cocked
Double action
• Squeezing the trigger of a double action revolver does two things
• It causes the cylinder to rotate, bringing a fresh cartridge in line with
the barrel while also cocking and releasing the hammer
• Double action triggers are heavier to squeeze and have a longer travel
than a single action trigger
Semi-Automatics
• Pros
– Capacity
– rapid reload
– Slimmer profile
• Cons
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WILL Jam
Some find it complicated or difficult to load
Magazine Springs can weaken overtime
Hard to determine if it is loaded
Can only fire one round through pocket
Semi-Auto Pistol
Semi Autos
There are a number of different types of semi autos:
All semi autos fire one round with each trigger squeeze
Single action only
• Much like the revolver – has to be cocked but cycling the slide cocks the
firearm
• Examples: Colt 1911 and 1911 clones
Double action
• Unless the hammer is manually cocked, the first round is double action
• Subsequent rounds are single action
• Example: Ruger P345
Double action only (DAO)
• Will only fire in double action mode
• Example: Kel Tec 380
Striker fired
• Similar to the DAO but the trigger often has a safety built in
• Examples: Glocks and Springfield XD
Suggestions on Concealed
Carry Guns
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Comfort, size, weight, caliber
Method of carry, holster…purse…pocket
Lifestyle, what you wear, where you work
Car gun or Desk gun
Choosing Caliber
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Ammunition Basics
Bigger is better but is it practical?
Hand Strength
Weight vs Recoil
Size vs Caliber
Consider comfort
Ammunition Knowledge and
Fundamentals of Pistol Shooting
• The different components of a pistol
cartridge.
• The firing sequence of a cartridge.
• How to properly store ammunition.
• The major types of cartridge malfunctions.
• The fundamentals of pistol shooting.
Four Components of a Pistol Cartridge
• Case – metal cylinder (usually brass)
closed at one end and contains the other
three components
• Primer – impact-sensitive chemical
compound used for ignition
• Powder Charge – Fast burning chemical
compound used as propellant
• Bullet - projectile
Firing Sequence of a Cartridge
• Firing pin strikes and ignites the primer
• Flame generated by the primer ignites
powder charge
• Powder burns very rapidly and produces
high volume of gas
• Gas propels the bullet out of the barrel at
high rate of speed
Cartridge designation and identification
• Ensure you load the proper cartridge into
the pistol
• Match the cartridge designation stamped
on the pistol with the cartridge designation
printed on the ammunition box and or
bottom of a center-fire cartridge.
• Plus P – loaded to higher pressures
Storing Ammunition
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Cool Dry area
Keep in factory box
Wipe fingerprints off cartridges
Stored to prevent unauthorized access
Do not expose to water,solvents,
petroleum products, bore cleaner,
ammonia or other chemicals
Methods of Concealment
Can I Carry Concealed?
Side Draw holster
Cross Draw Holster
Middle of the Back Holster
Shoulder Holster
Wallet Holster
Fanny Pack Holster
Handbag Holsters
Day Runner Holster
T-Shirt Holster
Ankle Holster
Range Safety
Safety Rules
• ALWAYS treat all firearms as if they are
loaded
• ALWAYS keep the gun pointed in a safe
direction. Never point a gun at something
that you are not willing to destroy.
• ALWAYS keep your finger off the trigger
until ready to shoot.
• ALWAYS keep the gun unloaded until
ready to use
Standard Range
Commands
• COLD RANGE–No handling of firearms. No ammunition
in the firearms, except on the firing line and when the
range is called “HOT”. NO EXCEPTIONS
• RANGE IS HOT – The Safety Officer on the far right will
call “HOT RANGE”. The Safety Officer on the far left will
confirm “HOT RANGE”.
• MUZZLE – During our training, your firearm must always
be pointed down range. If you start to move in a
direction other than down range, Safety Officer will call
“MUZZLE” alerting you to point down range.
• FINGER – If a Safety Officer calls “FINGER” then you
have inadvertently placed your finger on the trigger prior
to acquiring your site on the target. At this time, remove
your finger from the trigger until your target is acquired.
Standard Range
Commands
• STOP – This command will be given by the Safety
Officer if something has or is going wrong with the
shooter. Freeze and do not move; let the Safety Officer
assist you.
• You as the shooter can also call STOP if you are
concerned about safety or even ‘just’ uncomfortable
– Safety is always our primary concern
Firearm Safety at the Firing Line
• Firearm on platform: Muzzle pointed down range, the
slide or cylinder is open when on the platform.
• When retrieving firearm, make sure finger is off the
trigger and muzzle is pointed down range.
• While loading & making ready for the firing line, a semiauto pistol muzzle MUST be pointed down range while
inserting the magazine. This will keep you from
sweeping other people on the line.
• A revolver muzzle MUST be pointed down range and
towards the ground while loading.
• When finishing the string of fire: Remove the magazine
or open the cylinder to show clear and place firearm
back on platform facing down range.
On the Firing Line you
will
hear:
Hot Range
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• Load – You may load your pistols
• Commence Firing
• If you are finished; UNLOAD AND SHOW
CLEAR
• FIREARM IS SAFE – Place the firearm on the
platform with the muzzle pointing down range,
then back away.
• Remember the rule – Never point a gun at
something you are not willing to destroy.
Cartridge Malfunctions
• Misfire – failure of cartridge to fire after
primer has been struck
• Hangfire – a type of misfire where there is
a delay in ignition of cartridge after primer
has been struck
• Squib load – less than normal pressure or
velocity after ignition of a cartridge
Common mistakes
• Barrel not placed down range when arriving
at the range
• When replacing a magazine barrel is
pointed in unsafe direction.
• Looking down the barrel with a malfunction.
• Barrel sweeps
• Finger on the trigger
Major Causes For Accidents
– Ignorance
• Not familiar with gun safety rules
• Not familiar with proper operation of pistol
– Carelessness/complacency
• Know the rules but do not apply
Cleaning Your Firearm
• Make certain that the firearm is not loaded!
• Read and follow the manufacturer’s written
instructions for proper cleaning of your specific
handgun.
• Clean thoroughly with manufacturer’s
recommended solvent.
• Oil sparingly – A little goes a long way.
Gun Storage At Home
Two types of storage
• Long-term offers a high degree of
protection from theft and sometimes fire
and moisture but at the expense of quick
access.
• Temporary or quick access methods of
storage allow quick access when
necessary.
Storage of Firearms
• Gun cases are commonly used for
transportation and storage of firearms.
Some have lockable features.
• Pistol Lockbox
• Gun safe
• Lockable drawer
• Lockable gun rack
Firing the First Shots
Dominant Eye
• Extend both hands forward of your body and place the hands
together making a small triangle between your thumbs and the first
knuckle.
• With both eyes open, look through the triangle and center something
such as a doorknob or the bullseye of a target in the triangle.
• Close your left eye. If the object remains in view, you are right eye
dominant. If your hands appear to move off the object and move to
the left, then you are left eye dominant.
• To validate the first test, look through the triangle and center the
object again with both eyes open.
• Close your right eye. If the object remains in view, you are left eye
dominant. If your hands appear to move off the object and move to
the right, then you are right eye dominant.
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Grip
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Fit the “v” formed by the thumb and the index finger
of the shooting hand (strong hand) as high as
possible on the back strap portion of the frame.
Grip the pistol using the base of the thumb and the
lower three fingers of the shooting hand. The
pressure of the grip must be directed straight to the
rear.
The thumb should lie relaxed along the side of the
frame at the level above that of the index finger.
With your support hand (weak hand) overlap the
three fingers of your strong hand. Sixty percent of
your grip should be from your weak hand.
Grip
Breath Control
• Minimize body movement by holding
breath
• Before each shot, take a breath, let out
half squeeze trigger
• Don’t hold to long
Sight alignment
Sight alignment is the relationship of the
front and rear sites. The eye must be
lined up with the front and rear sights
and the site positioned so that the
alignment is correct. Proper sight
alignment of the two sights means that
the top of the front sight must also be
centered in the notch of the rear sight.
Sight Picture
Sight Pictures
Bull's-eye sight
picture
Modified bull's-eye
sight picture
Standard sight
picture
Remember to focus on the front sight
Trigger control
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The trigger must be squeezed straight to the rear in a smooth
continuous manner without disturbing the sight alignment.
Once the trigger squeeze has begun, it should be applied
smoothly and continuously – don’t speed up or slow down the
pressure, or apply in a stop – and – stop manner. Trigger
squeeze and site alignment must be done simultaneously
while maintaining a minimum of movement. Jerking or pulling
on the trigger usually produces shots low and to the left.
Taking up the trigger slack – This action is taking up the trigger
slack prior to firing. This eliminates any unnecessary
movement and makes for a quicker shot.
The idea of follow-thru is to prevent any unnecessary
movement before the bullet leaves the barrel
Stance
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Athletic Stance: Knees slightly bent, feet
spread apart approximately shoulder
width apart. Good example: same
stance as playing basket or baseball in
the ready position.
• Weaver position
• Isosceles
Fundamentals of Pistol
Shooting
Weaver Stance
Fundamentals of Pistol
Shooting
Isosceles Stance
Class practice
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Grip
Stance
Sight alignment
Breath control
Did you keep your finger off of the trigger?
Come Shoot With Us
Muzzleloaders
Gun Goddesses
Black Powder Cartridge Rifles
International Defensive Pistol
Association (IDPA)
Cowboy Action Shooting/SASS
Military Shoot
You can also practice at home
This method is called dry firing and is a great and inexpensive way to
practice grip, stance, breath control, sight alignment, trigger control, and
follow through
Check the Owners Manual to ensure it is okay to dry fire your firearm
Step 1 – MAKE SURE FIREARM IS UNLOADED
Step 2 – MAKE SURE FIREARM IS UNLOADED
Step 3 – Remember the four basic safety rules
Treat every firearm as if it is loaded
Do not point the firearm at anything you are not willing to destroy
Step 4 – Practice your grip, stance, breath control, sight alignment,
trigger control and follow through
Conclusion
• Lunch on your own
• Firearms proficiency at the ERML Range
• Do not bring any guns or ammunition to
the firing line
• Shooters will fire approximately 50 to 75
rounds of ammunition during qualification
• Receive certificates
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