Sacrifice of Christ

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Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Houston Area, Near
Texas Prison
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Sin and God’s Law – Review…
1. Where do we find a clear definition of sin?
1 John 3:4
2. How does Paul describe the law in Romans?
Spiritual, holy, perfect, just and good (Romans 7)
3. What does David write about the law in Psalms 19?
Law is perfect, converting the soul.
4. What does James write about the law in the book of
James?
To keep the whole law and stumble on one point is to
violate all
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Sin and God’s Law – Review…
5. Explain Matthew 5:17, especially the word “fulfill.”
The word fulfill is “pleroo” in Greek and means to
give full meaning.
6. What is the Old Covenant?
Covenant is from Hebrew “beryth” and means
agreement. The old covenant was the old agreement
between God and Israel.
7. What is the New Covenant?
This is the new agreement which contains better
promises, but the same law.
Sacrifice of Christ
Austin Bible Class
Fundamental Beliefs
of the
Church of God
Sacrifice of Christ
Instructor: Jim Franks
Date: July 2011
© 2011 Church of God, a Worldwide Association
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Fundamental Belief: The
Sacrifice of Jesus Christ
God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten
Son so humans may have eternal life. In God’s perfect
righteousness, the penalty for our sins must be paid in
full. After living a human life without sin, even though
tempted in all points as we are, Jesus Christ, the Son of
God, died as the perfect sacrifice for all the sins of
humanity. As God in the flesh and the Creator of all
humanity, His death makes it possible for each person
and humanity as a whole to be forgiven of their sins,
released from the death penalty that comes upon all
because of sin and reconciled to God the Father. This
plan of salvation for mankind existed from the foundation
of the world.
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
The Sacrifice of Jesus Christ
Nail driven through an ankle
bone, discovered in Palestine.
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
John 3:16…
“For God so loved the world
that He gave His only begotten
Son, that whoever believes in
Him should not perish but have
everlasting life.”
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
John 1:18 “No one has seen God at any
time. The only begotten Son, who is in
the bosom of the Father, He has
declared Him.”
monogenou`" (monogenes)
“Single of its kind, only; to be one’s only son or
daughter” —Thayer’s Greek-English Lexicon of the
New Testament.
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Hebrews 4:15…
“For we do not have a High Priest who
cannot sympathize with our
weaknesses, but was in all points
tempted as we are, yet without sin.”
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Hebrews 10:10…
“By that will we have been sanctified
through the offering of the body of
Jesus Christ once for all.”
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Hebrews 10:12-14…
“But this Man, after He had offered
one sacrifice for sins forever, sat
down at the right hand of God, 13from
that time waiting till His enemies are
made His footstool. 14For by one
offering He has perfected forever
those who are being sanctified.”
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Christ is Creator…
John 1:1-3 “In the beginning was the
Word, and the Word was with God, and
the Word was God. He was in the
beginning with God. All things were
made through Him, and without Him
nothing was made that was made.”
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
The Propitiation…
1 John 4:10 “In this is love, not that we
loved God, but that He loved us and sent
His Son to be the propitiation for our
sins.”
1 John 2:2 “And He Himself is the
propitiation for our sins, and not for ours
only but also for the whole world.”
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Propitiation…
“Atonement; an appeasing; of a
priest offering an expiatory
sacrifice; forgiveness; the means of
appeasing.”
--Thayer’s Greek-English Lexicon of the New
Testament
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Sacrifice was according
to God’s plan…
Ephesians 1:11 “In Him also we have obtained an
inheritance, being predestined according to the
purpose of Him who works all things according to
the counsel of His will.”
Revelation 13:8 “All who dwell on the earth will
worship Him, whose names have not been
written in the Book of Life of the Lamb slain from
the foundation of the world.”
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Death penalty…
Colossians 1:21-22 “And you, who once were
alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked
works, yet now He has reconciled in the body of His
flesh through death, to present you holy, and
blameless, and above reproach in His sight.”
Hebrews 9:15 (NIV) “For this reason Christ is the
mediator of a new covenant, that those who are
called may receive the promised eternal
inheritance– now that He has died as a ransom to
set them free from the sins committed under the
first covenant.”
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Colossians 2:13-14…
“And you being dead in your trespasses
and the uncircumcision of your flesh, He
has made alive together with Him, having
forgiven you all trespasses, having wiped
out the handwriting of requirements that
was against us, which was contrary to us.
And He has taken it out of the way, having
nailed it to the cross.”
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Colossians 2:14…
ceirografon toiv dogmasin
(cheirographon tois dogmasin)
NKJV margin– “certificate of debt”
Thayers:
Cheirographon– “a note of hand or writing in which
one acknowledges that money has either been
deposited with him or lent to him by another, to be
returned at the appointed time.”
dogmasin– “doctrine, decree or ordinance.”
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Defining Christ…
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
Christ is the Word (John 1:1-3)
Christ is our Savior (1 John 4:14)
Christ is our High Priest (Heb. 9:11)
Christ is our Lord (Revelation 22:21)
Christ is God (John 1:1)
Christ is Teacher (John 6:25)
Christ is the Son of God (1 John 5:5)
Christ is the Son of Man (Matthew 9:6)
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Defining Christ…
Christ is our Savior
1 John 4:14 “And we have seen
and testify that the Father has
sent the Son as Savior of the
world.”
Definition: swthr (soter so-tare’); deliverer;
preserver
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Defining Christ…
Christ is our High Priest
Hebrews 9:11 “But Christ came
as High Priest of the good things
to come, with the greater and
more perfect tabernacle not
made with hands, that is, not of
this creation.”
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Defining Christ…
Christ is our Lord
Revelation 22:21 “The grace of
our Lord Jesus Christ be with
you all. Amen.”
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Defining Christ…
Christ is Rabbi, Teacher
John 20:16 “Jesus said to her,
‘Mary!’ She turned and said to Him,
‘Rabboni!’ (which is to say,
Teacher).
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Defining Christ…
Christ is the Son of God
1 John 5:5 “Who is he who
overcomes the world, but he who
believes that Jesus is the Son of
God?”
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Defining Christ…
Christ is the Son of man
Philippians 2:7 “Who being in the form of
God, did not consider it robbery to be equal
with God, but made Himself of no
reputation,1 taking the form of a bondservant,
and coming in the likeness of men.”
1margin–
“emptied Himself of His privileges”
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Many books written about the life
and death of Christ (John 21:25)
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Christ lived during the time of the
Roman Empire…
Rome was a
great empire
and was at
its greatest
in the time
of Christ.
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Jerusalem was a
world city and was
strategically located
at the crossroads of
the most important
trade routes.
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Layout of the city
during the time of
Christ. The
Church of the
Holy Sepulchre is
outside the city.
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Western wall dates to time of
Christ…
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Controversy over the crucifixion
site – Protestant versus Catholic…
Location of
Golgotha?
Proposed by
Charles
Gordon in
1882.
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Hebrews 13:12 “suffered outside the
gate…”
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Nearby is the garden tomb as
identified by Gordon…
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Streets of Jerusalem…
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Just below the western wall is the
Church of the Holy Sepulchre…
Helena,
mother of
Constantine
declared this
to be the site.
At the time
this was a
pagan temple
site.
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Entrance to the Church…
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Inside the Church…
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Catholic version of crucifixion
and burial is different…
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Just outside the old wall, but
definitely within the current wall…
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
By William D. Edwards, MD
Jesus of Nazareth underwent Jewish and Roman trials,
was flogged, and was sentenced to death by crucifixion.
The scourging produced deep stripelike lacerations and
appreciable blood loss, and it probably set the stage for
hypovolemic shock, as evidenced by the fact that Jesus
was too weakened to carry the crossbar (patibulum) to
Golgotha. At the site of crucifixion, his wrists were
nailed to the patibulum and, after the patibulum was
lifted onto the upright post (stipes), his feet were nailed
to the stipes.
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Instruments of Death…
Crown of Thorns (John 19:2)
Nails through the feet
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Christ was “scourged” or beaten
prior to the crucifixion…
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Christ was beaten for our healing
(Matthew 27:26; 1 Peter 2:24)
Flogging was a legal preliminary to every Roman execution.
The usual instrument was a short whip (flagrum or flagellum)
with several single or braided leather thongs of variable
lengths, in which small iron balls or sharp pieces of sheep
bones were tied at intervals. Occasionally, staves also were
used. For scourging, the man was stripped of his clothing,
and his hands were tied to an upright post. The back,
buttocks, and legs were flogged either by two soldiers
(lictors) or by one who alternated positions. The severity of
the scourging depended on the disposition of the lictors and
was intended to weaken the victim to a state just short of
collapse or death. After the scourging, the soldiers often
taunted their victim.
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Different methods of crucifixion…
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Roman nails
used during
the time of
Christ.
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Nails driven through hands
and feet…
Sacrifice of Christ
Fundamental Beliefs of the Church of God
Conclusion…
John 3:16 “For God so loved the
world that He gave His only
begotten Son that whoever
believes in Him should not perish
but have everlasting life.”
Sacrifice of Christ
Austin Bible Class
Fundamental Beliefs
of the
Church of God
Sacrifice of Christ
Instructor: Jim Franks
Date: July 2011
© 2011 Church of God, a Worldwide Association
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