Certification Operation of Light Sport

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Light Sport Aircraft
Operation / Maintenance
Presented by the FAA Safety Team
FY 2012
Federal Aviation
Administration
What Is A Light Sport Aircraft ?
Small, Simple, Low-performance, Other Than a Helicopter That:
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Categories
• Special Light Sport Aircraft (SLSA)
– Reference: 14 CFR Part 21.190
– Ready To Fly From Manufacturer
– Uses: Personal, Towing, Flight Training
• Experimental – Operating Light Sport Aircraft
–
–
–
–
–
Reference: 14 CFR Part 21.191(i)
Light Sport Kit Aircraft
Kit-built Light Sport Aircraft
Downgrade From SLSA
Personal Use Only
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CLASSES
Glider
Airplane
Powered Parachute
Weight Shift Control
Lighter-Than-Air
Gyroplane
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Markings – 14 CFR Part 45
• Registration Markings
– Special LSA – At Least 12 Inches High
– Experimental – LSA – At Least 3 Inches High
• Placarding - 2 Inches To 6 Inches High:
– SLSA – The Word, “Light Sport”
– ELSA – The Word “Experimental”
Reference AC 45-2
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SPECIAL LIGHT SPORT
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SLSA OPERATING LIMITATIONS
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EXPERIMENTAL LIGHT SPORT
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ELSA OPERATING LIMITATIONS
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LSA Inspections
• Special Light Sport (SLSA)
– Annual Condition Inspections
– Used For Towing or Flight Training
• 100 hour inspections
• Experimental Light Sport (ELSA)
– Annual Condition Inspections
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Light Sport Repairman
There is One Light Sport Repairman Certificate.
Two Ratings:
–Inspection
–Maintenance
14 CFR Part 65.107
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LSA Repairman Certificate
• Inspection Rating
– Certificate Issued To Aircraft Owner (ELSA Only)
• Aircraft Class, S/N, “N” Number
– Requires 16 Hours Of Training In Aircraft Class
– Suspended Upon Sale Of Aircraft
– Privileges
• Annual Condition Inspection Of Owner’s Aircraft
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LSA Repairman Certificate
• Maintenance Rating
– Issued By Class of Aircraft
• Not Issued For Gyroplanes
– Must Complete Required Training For Class
– Privileges:
• Annual Condition Inspections (Both SLSA/ELSA)
• Maintenance on SLSA Aircraft By Class
–
–
–
–
100 Hour Inspections (Towing, Flight Training)
Perform FAA Airworthiness Directives
Perform Manufacturer’s Safety Directives
Major Repair & Alterations
» Only By Approval of Manufacturer
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Repairman Training
CORE MODULES
HOURS
1 Regulatory & Maintenance Overview
16
2 Airframe (General)
24
3 Engine & Propeller
45
85
CLASS MODULES
4 Airplane
35
5 Weight Shift Control
19
6 Powered Parachute
19
7 Lighter-Than-Air
64
8 Glider
40
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Repairman Training
CLASS
MODULE
1
2
3
4
Airplane
✔
✔
✔
✔
Weight Shift
✔
✔
✔
Powered Parachute
✔
✔
✔
Lighter-Than-Air
✔
Glider
✔
Powered Glider
✔
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5
6
7
8
120
✔
104
✔
104
✔
✔
✔
TOTAL
HOURS
80
✔
80
✔
125
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Annual Condition Inspection
• ELSA –
–
–
–
–
Owner With Inspection Rating
Repairman With Maintenance Rating
Airframe & Powerplant Mechanic
Appropriately Rated Part 145 Repair Station
• SLSA –
– Repairman With Maintenance Rating
– Airframe & Powerplant Mechanic
– Appropriately Rated Part 145 Repair Station
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Maintenance• ELSA
– Anyone
• SLSA
– Repairman: Maintenance Rating
• With The Appropriate Class
– Airframe & Powerplant Mechanic
• Must Meet Part 65.81 – Previously Performed
– Appropriately Rated Part 145 Repair Station
• Preventive Maintenance
– Part 43, Appendix A (c)
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What Is a Consensus Standard?
A consensus standard is an INDUSTRY-DEVELOPED standard
that APPLIES TO AIRCRAFT DESIGN, production, and
AIRWORTHINESS. It is ACCEPTED BY THE FAA for the purpose
of certificating light-sport aircraft. It includes, but is not
limited to, STANDARDS for aircraft design and performance,
required equipment, manufacturer quality assurance
systems, production acceptance test procedures,
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS, MAINTENANCE AND INSPECTION
PROCEDURES, IDENTIFICATION AND RECORDING OF MAJOR
REPAIRS AND MAJOR ALTERATIONS, AND CONTINUED
AIRWORTHINESS.
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ASTM-Continued Operational Safety
• Owner/Operator Responsibilities
– Shall Comply With Manufacturer’s Instructions
– Shall Provide Mfg With Current Contact Information
– Shall Notify The Mfg of Safety of Flight or Significant
Service Difficulty Upon Discovery
– Shall Comply With All Mfg. Notices, Corrective
Actions, And CAA Regulations
– Shall Ensure Needed Corrective Actions Completed
– If Owner Does Not Comply With Mandatory Service
Requirement, ASTM Considered Not Met.
ASTM F2295-06, 5.4
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Operating Limitations…
(6) Noncompliance with these operating limitations
will render the airworthiness certificate invalid. Any
change, alteration, or repair not in accordance with
the manufacturer’s instruction and approval will
render the airworthiness certificate invalid, and the
owner of the aircraft must apply for a new
airworthiness certificate under the provisions of 14
CFR § 21.191 with appropriate operating
limitations before further flight.
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AC 65-32 – Certification of LSA Repairman
NOTE: If a major malfunction or defect is
found during the annual condition inspection,
it is strongly recommended that the
repairman, mechanic, or repair station report
the problem to the FAA via the Internet at:
http://av-info.faa.gov/sdrx/ within 72 hours
and also to the aircraft’s manufacturer.
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Repairman Rating Review
• Inspection Rating:
– ELSA Only
– 16hrs Training; Issued To Aircraft Owner
– Annual Condition Inspections For Owner’s Aircraft
• Maintenance Rating:
–
–
–
–
SLSA & ELSA
Appropriate “Class” Training Before Issue
Perform Annual Condition Inspection/100 Hour
Major Repairs & Alterations – Only Per Manufacturer
• May Require Additional Training (Decision Of Mfg)
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Precautions
• No TCDS - All LSA “Built” To Consensus Standard (ASTM)
• SLSA Must Be Maintained To An ASTM
• No “Type Design” To Meet The Definition of “Airworthy”
– “In a Condition For Safe Operation”
• Manufacturer’s Maintenance Manuals
• Safety Directives
• Major Repairs & Alterations
– ASTM States They Are To Be Defined By The Manufacturer
»
»
Manufacturer Also Determines Required Training
Contact The Manufacturer!
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Maintenance Manuals
Contains Information Such As:
• Ground Test.
• Check of Liquid Levels.
• Re-torque Cylinder Head
Nuts.
• Re-torque Exhaust Manifold
Screws.
• Check of Rewind Starter
Rope.
• Rewind Starter Dismantling.
• Rewind Starter Reassembly.
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Precautions
Rotax 912
Rotax 914
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Rotax LMM-912
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Precautions – 14 CFR Part 21.190(c)
• Manufacturer’s Statement of Compliance
– The Aircraft Meets its Design Data & ASTM
– Manufacturer Will Make Available to Any Interested
Party:
• Aircraft Operating Instructions
• Aircraft’s Maintenance & Inspection Procedures
• Manufacturer Will Monitor And Correct Safety-of-flight
Issues Through The Issuance of SAFETY DIRECTIVES.
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Precautions
• 14 CFR Part 43.13(a)
– Each Person Performing Maintenance Shall:
• Use The Methods, Techniques, & Practices Prescribed In
The “Current” Manufacturer’s Maintenance Manual.
• Use The Proper Tools & Equipment
• Special Equipment or Test Apparatus
• 14 CFR Part 43.13(b)
– Shall Do Quality Work
– Use Quality Materials
– Equal To Its Original or Properly Alter Condition
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Precautions
14 CFR Part 65.81
•Mechanic May Not Approve For Return To Service…
– Unless He Has Satisfactorily Performed It At An Earlier Date.
– Must Understand The Current Instructions of The Mfg.
14 CFR Part 65.85/87(b) [For LSA]
•An A&P Can Approve And Return To Service…
– A Major Repair or Major Alteration Provided…
– The Work Was Performed Per Instructions Developed By The
Manufacturer.
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Precautions
14 CFR Part 65.107(d)
• LSA Repairman With Maintenance Rating May Not
Approve For Return To Service An Aircraft/Part…
– Unless He Has Previously Performed The Work Satisfactorily In
The Past.
• LSA Repairman May Not Exercise His Certificate Unless:
– He Understands The Current Instructions of The Manufacturer…
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Precautions
14 CFR Part 91.327 LSA Operating Limitations
• No Person May Operate An LSA Unless:
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Aircraft Is Maintained By An Appropriately Rated Person
Aircraft Has Had A Condition Inspection In The Last 12 Months
If Use For Towing/Flight Training, Has Had a 100 Hr. Inspection
Aircraft Complies With All Airworthiness Directives
Aircraft Complies With All Safety Directives
Each Alteration Complies With The ASTM & Authorized By Mfg.
Each Major Alteration Is Authorized, Performed, & Inspected Per
The Manufacturer’s Maintenance & Inspection Procedures.
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Precautions
14 CFR Part 91.417(a)
•Aircraft Owner or Operator Shall Keep:
• Records of Maintenance, Including…
• The Current Status of Applicable…
• Safety Directives
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Precautions
NOTE: TO WORK ON A SPECIAL OR EXPERIMENTAL
LIGHT SPORT AIRCRAFT, certificated Part 145 repair
stations, airframe mechanics, powerplant
mechanics, and repairmen (Light Sport Aircraft)
must be QUALIFIED AND TRAINED on the
maintenance of Light Sport Aircraft, and have the
necessary DATA AND TOOLS to inspect the aircraft
and maintain them in a condition for safe
operation.
AC 65-32
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36
SLSA Inspection Log Entry
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ELSA Inspection Log Entry
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References
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
14 CFR Part 21.190 – SLSA
14 CFR Part 21.191(i) – ELSA
14 CFR Part 43.1(b)(2); (d) Applicability
14 CFR Part 65.107 – LSA Repairman
14 CFR Part 91.319 – ELSA Ops Limits
14 CFR Part 91.327 – SLSA Ops Limits
FAA Order 8900.1, Vol. 5, Ch. 5 – Repairman
FAA Order 8130.2 – Cert. of Aircraft
AC 65-32 – Certification & Training of LSA Repairman
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http://www.faa.gov/about/office_org/headquarters_offices/avs/offices/afs/afs600/afs610/
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FAA Light Sport Branch
Contact Information
Larry L. Buchanan Branch Manager AFS-610
Phone: (405) 954-6400
Fax: (405) 954-6688
Mailing Address:
U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Aviation Administration
Mike Monroney Aeronautical Center P.O. Box 25082
Oklahoma City, OK 73125
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Contact your
local
FAASTeam
Program
Manager
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