Figurative and Literal Meaning BY: GREG BAKOS and JARED JACOBS Figurative vs. Literal Definitions Literal Figurative What is the poem actually What the poem might be saying. Very basic and not hard to get at. saying; hidden meaning. Some examples of figurative languages are: Metaphors (a comparison), a simile (a comparison using like or as), Personification, and Hyperboles Figurative Language: Similes: compare two unlike objects using “like” or “as”. Metaphors: compare two unlike objects. Personification: when a non-human object is given human characteristics. Hyperboles: clear, unrealistic exaggeration. Example: The fox was like a seasoned sniper when it was stalking its prey; and a voracious lion while it was eating. Example: He is saying he is a different from others and always has been. Does not really mean passions come from a spring. His passions come from a different source that is uncommon. “Alone” by Edgar Allan Poe From childhood's hour I have not been As others were; I have not seen As others saw; I could not bring My passions from a common spring. From the same source I have not taken My sorrow; I could not awaken My heart to joy at the same tone; And all I loved, I loved alone. Figurative Meaning Literal Meaning Similes: Metaphors: Personification: Hyperboles: Figurative Meaning Literal Meaning Then- in my childhood, in the dawn beginning Of a most stormy life- was drawn Not realistic :Hyperbole The sky From every depth of good and ill The mystery which binds me still: From the torrent, or the fountain, From the red cliff of the mountain, From the sun that round me rolled In its autumn tint of gold, From the lightning in the sky As it passed me flying by, From the thunder and the storm, And the cloud that took the form (When the rest of Heaven was blue) Of a demon in my view. Similes: Metaphors: Personification: Hyperboles: The Tide Rises, The Tide Falls by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow The tide rises, the tide falls, The twilight darkens, the curlew calls; Along the sea-sands damp and brown The traveler hastens toward the town, And the tide rises, the tide falls. Darkness settles on roofs and walls, But the sea, the sea in darkness calls; The little waves, with their soft, white hands Efface the footprints in the sands, And the tide rises, the tide falls. The morning breaks; the steeds in their stalls Stamp and neigh, as the hostler calls; The day returns, but nevermore Returns the traveler to the shore. And the tide rises, the tide falls. Bibliography DeMarco, Josheph. “Literal and Figurative”. Peomhunter.com. N.d.Web. 17 March 2013. Longfellow, Henry. “The Tide Rises, The Tide Falls”. Poetry.org. n.d.Web. 17 March 2013. Poe, Edgar Allen. “Alone”. Poemhunter.com. n.d.Web. 17 March 2013. Wilde, Oscar. “My Voice”. Poemhunter.com. N.d.Web. 17 March 2013.