When I say figuratively and not literally! “I think I just dodged a bullet!” Figurative Language is usually used in poetry. Writers use it to make their poems more lively! • ALLITERATION • ONOMATOPOEIA • METAPHOR • HYPERBOLE • PERSONIFICATION • SIMILE 1. ALLITERATION •The repetition of the same or similar sounds at the beginnings of words. 2. ONOMATOPOEIA •A figure of speech in which words are used to imitate sounds such as buzz and hiss. 3. METAPHOR •A figure of speech in which two things are compared, usually by saying one thing is another. He was a lion in battle. The world’s a stage. 4. HYPERBOLE •A figure of speech in which deliberate exaggeration is used for emphasis. 5. PERSONIFICATION •A figure of speech in which nonhuman things or abstract ideas are given human attributes. 6. SIMILE •A figure of speech in which two things are compared using the word “like” or “as.” TYPES OF POEMS 1. ACROSTIC POEM •Verses or arrangements of words where certain words, such as the first and last letter is used to spell out a word or name. 2. CONCRETE POEM •A poem that forms a picture of the topic or follows the contours of a shape that is suggested in the topic. 3. BALLAD POEM •A poem that tells a story similar to a folk tale or legend. 4. RHYME POEM •The repetition of similar consonant sounds, especially at the ends of words, as in last and past. 5. EPIC POEM •A long, serious poem that tells the story of a heroic figure. 6. FREE VERSE POEM •Poetry composed of either rhymed or unrhymed lines that have no set meter. 7. CINQUAIN POEM •A poem that has 5 lines in which line 1 has a noun, line 2 has 2 adjectives, line 3 has action words, line 4 is based on feeling (phrases), and line 5 is a synonym of the title. 8. ODE POEM •A lyric poem that is serious and thoughtful in tone and has a very precise, formal structure. 9. LIMERICK POEM •A light, humorous poem of 5 lines with the rhyme scheme of aabba. 10. COLOR POEM •A poem that describes a color. 11. HAIKU POEM •A Japanese lyric poem that has 3 unrhymed lines of 5,7, and 5 syllables and involves nature or seasons.