Judaism is one of the oldest monotheist religions (belief of one god)
The Hebrew name of God is YHWH, which is never pronounced by Jews because it is considered too holy a word.
In ancient times most people worshipped several gods, so Judaism separated themselves from other religions.
The Jews believed they were God’s chosen people.
Education and study is extremely important in
In ancient times, boys were taught about their religion by teachers.
Today, all Jewish children are taught about their beliefs and the history of Judaism.
Kindness and fairness to everyone
Give aid to those who need it
– Be fair in business dealings
Righteousness - doing what is right, even if no one else is
Moral and religious laws
The Ten Commandments
The Mosaic Laws (named after
Do not eat shellfish or pork
Eat meat in which the animal hasn’t suffered when slaughtered
Do not eat milk and meat together, and do not eat fish and meat together
– Not work on the Sabbath
Belief that God created the world in 6 days and rested on the seventh
(Saturday for Judaism)
The most sacred text of
Includes laws and the history of the Jews until the death of Moses.
The Torah is the central part of religious services at the synagogue (Jewish place of worship)
Readers of the Torah do not touch it to show respect of text. They use pointers to keep their spot.
There are three parts of the Hebrew Bible
1st- The Torah
2nd- Hebrew prophets. Prophets are people who are said to receive messages from god to be taught to others.
3rd- Eleven books of poetry, song, stories, lessons, and history.
4th- Proverbs, short expression of Hebrew wisdom.
Many of the commentaries are found in
Talmud is a set of commentaries, stories, and folklore.
Talmud was produced between 200 and 600AD.
Dead sea scrolls, writing by Jews who lived about 2,000 year ago.
No one knew about the scrolls until
Most of the Dead Sea Scrolls were written between 100BC and 50AD.
The scrolls included prayers, commentaries, letters, and passages from the Hebrew bible.
Jewish ideas have greatly influenced other cultures, especially Europe and America.
The ideas of Judaism helped shape
Christianity also influenced another major religions including Islam.
Many people still look to the Ten
Commandments as a guide on how they should live.