us v nixon – pj r and sam b

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US VS NIXON

“I AM NOT A CROOK”
In June 1972, five men were caught robbing the
Democratic National committee at Watergate. The five
men were thought to be working with President Nixon's
Re-election Committee When a subpoena was issued
asking for the tapes, Nixon denied giving them out
saying it's his executive privilege to keep them
confidential The case went to the supreme court.
Question:
Does executive privilege allow president to keep
all information confidential from judicial review?
ANSWER
No. The Court said that neither the doctrine of
separation of powers, nor the generalized need for
confidentiality of high-level communications, without
more, can be withheld in court due to confidentiality
The Court gave preference to "the fundamental
demands of due process of law in the fair
administration of justice." Therefore, the president
must obey the subpoena and produce the tapes and
documents. Nixon resigned shortly after the release
of the tapes.
What did Richard Nixon say to the
contractor working on his kitchen?

“Build me a breakfast nook!”
Precedent- It limited the powers of any future president. It also greatly
affected the following cases immensely:
Cheney v. United States Dist. Court-a nonprofit organization, filed suit in the
United States District Court for the District of Columbia against the National
Energy Policy Development Group (NEPDG), the Vice President, other
federal officials, and several private individuals. The NEPDG was a task force
charged with developing a national energy policy.
Hohn v. United States. 524 US 236 (1998)-Petitioner Hohn filed a motion
under 28 U.S.C. § 2255 to vacate his conviction for “use” of a firearm during a
drug trafficking offense, 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1), claiming the evidence was
insufficient to prove such “use” under this Court’s intervening decision in
Bailey v. United States, 516 U.S. 137.
Trammel v. United States 445 US40 (1980) -Trammel and his wife were both
involved in smuggling heroin. His wife was caught red-handed, and agreed to
testify against her husband in return for leniency. The one concern was
whether or not the testimonial privilege against adverse testimony by a
spouse may be invoked by the defendant spouse.
The public did not approve of this scandal. They
felt strongly against Nixon claiming he had moral
issues and cheated to win the presidency. Not
even Nixon's earlier supporters felt he was in the
right. The public was also outraged that Ford
had pardoned Nixon, claiming Nixon should be
in prison
Personally...

We believe that the supreme court's decision
claiming executive privilege is still up for
judicial review is correct. It shows even
though the president is higher up it still is an
equal playing field and that nobody is above
the law.
Work Cited
Farnsworth, Malcolm. Ford pardoning Nixon. History Place.
N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2011.
<http://watergate.info/ford/pardon.shtml>.
Mok, Tiffany. “Nixon and Supreme Court.” Writing 125.
N.p., 2006. Web. 14 Feb. 2011.
Pearson Education, Inc. “US v. Nixon.” Infoplease. N.p.,
n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2011.
<http://www.infoplease.com/us/supremecourt/cases/ar41.html>.
www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/03-475.ZS.html
http://www.4lawnotes.com/showthread.php?t=796
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