period 6

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Milk
powder
Toxic
有毒的
What are
people’s
reactions?
Why did Sanlu do
such a thing to the
babies?
We’re very
sad.
We’ll take back all the
milk powder.
We’re taking the
matter seriously.
I apologize to all the
Chinese people.
Change the following sentences
into indirect speech.
Woman A said, “Why did Sanlu do
such a thing to the babies?”
Woman B said, “We’re very sad.”
Sanlu Group said, “We’ll take back all
the milk powder.”
Mr. Wen said, “I apologize to all the
Chinese people.”
The Chinese government said, “We’re
taking the matter seriously.”
复习规律
1. 陈述句的间接引语—连接词用______,
that 在
口语中可省略。引述动词用___________等。
said, told
2.疑问句的间接引语。一般疑问句后连接
if whether
词用___或________,而引述选择疑问句时
asked
只能用whether,引述动词用_______。
原句中的疑问词
3. 特殊疑问句用________________作连接词,
陈述
改为________语序。
在直接引语变为间接引语时需要注意的变化
1. 注意时态的变化
2. 注意人称变化
3. 注意指示代词的变化
4. 注意时间的变化
5. 注意地点的变化
6. 注意语序的变化(疑问句:陈述语序)
7. 注意个别趋向动词的变化
Woman A said, “Why did Sanlu do
such a thing to the babies?”
Woman A asked why Sanlu had done
such a thing to the babies.
Woman B said, “We’re very sad.”
Woman said that they were very sad.
Sanlu Group said, “We’ll take back
all the milk powder.”
Sanlu Group said they would take back
all the milk powder.
Mr. Wen said, “I apologize to all the
Chinese people.”
Mr. Wen said that he apologized to all
the Chinese people.
The Chinese government said, “We’re
taking the matter seriously.
The Chinese government said that they
were taking the matter seriously.
Unit 2 English around
the World
Grammar:
Command and request
Draw the curtains, please.
request Can I borrow your pen?
Will you help me with my homework
this afternoon?
Don’t move.
command
Look at this example.
Open your mouth and say “Ah”.
command
Soldiers must obey the officers’ command. 命令
n.
Listen, you’re in command of your life. 控制
I’m at your command—what would you like
me to do? 听候某人的吩咐
v. Command sth.
应得,博得
She could command the respect of the class.
她能博得全班的尊重。
Request
n. 请求
v. Command/request sb. to do sth.
命令/请求某人做某事
Command/request that sb. (should) do sth.
e.g. You are requested not to eat in
the class.
课内不准吃东西。
Command
Not polite
Request
very polite
Open the window.
Would you please
open the window?
Please open the window.
P12 part 2,3
如果祈使句是表示请求,间接引语的动词
常用ask, beg, request,如果是表示命令,
间接引语的动词常用tell, order, command
等,表示建议忠告常用advise, suggest。
ask/beg/request/tell/order/command/
advise sb. (not) to do sth.
直接引语 (变化前)
祈使句
The officer said
to him, “Don’t
move.”
间接引语(变化后)
不定式
The officer ordered
him not to move.
1.The teacher said to the students,
“Don’t waste your time.” →
The teacher told the students not
to waste their time.
2.The mother said, “Tom, get up
early, please.”→
The mother asked Tom to get up early.
直接引语 (变化前)
Let’s开头的祈使句
I said to him,
“Let’s start at
once.”
间接引语(变化后)
that 引导的宾语从句
I suggested to him that
we (should) start at once.
直接引语如果是以“Let’s”开头的祈使句,
变为间接引语时,通常用
“suggest +动名词(或从句)。”
E.g. He said, "Let’s go to the film."
→He suggested going to the film.
He suggested that they (should) go to
the film. 虚拟语气
直接引语 (变化前)
间接引语(变化后)
感叹句
that/what/how引导的
He said: “How
宾语从句
happy I am!”
He said that he was
very happy.
He said how happy he
was.
练一练
1.“Please close the window,” he said
to me.
→He ______ me _____ the window.
A. said to; to close
B. told to; closing
C. asked ; to close
D. said to; please close
2. He said, “Don’t do that again.”
He _____ me _______ that again.
A. said to me; not to do
B. said to me; don’t do
C. told me; don’t do
D. told me; not to do
3.“Don’t put it on my hat.”his wife
said to him.
His wife told him ___put it on ___hat.
A. don’t, his
B. don’t, her
C. not to, his
D. not to, her
4. Rose asked Tom, “Did you see my purse?”
Rose asked Tom ___.
A. whether that he had seen her purse
B. whether he had seen her purse
C. that whether he had seen her purse
D. that if he has seen her purse
5.He asked me ________ with me.
A. what the matter is
B. what the mater was
C. what’s the matter
D. what was the matter
解析:如果直接引语是“What’s the matter?”
“What’s wrong?” “What’s the trouble?”, 变间接
引语时语序不变。
6. He asked , “Are you a Party member
or a League member?”
→He asked me ______.
A. am I a Party member or a League member
B. was I a Party member or a League member
C. if was I a Party member or a League member
D. whether I was a Party member or a League
member
7. “You’ve already got well, haven’t
you?” she asked.
→She asked ________.
A. if I have already got well, hadn’t you
B. whether I had already got well
C. have I already got well
D. had I already got well.
解析: 反意疑问句要变成whether或 if引导
的宾语从句。
8. He asked ________ for the computer.
A. did I pay how much
B. I paid how much
C. how much did I pay
D. how much I paid
9.The boy said, “May I go along with
you?”
The boy asked me ___.
A. if I might go along with you
B. if he might go along with you
C. if he might go along with me
D. if he might go along with the boy
10.He said, “Mother, the boy is very
naughty.”
→He ____ very naughty.
A. said his mother that the boy was
B. said to his mother that the boy is
C. told his mother that the boy was
D. spoke his mother that the boy was
• 11. The teacher asked us ____ so much
noise.(2003年北京)
• A. don’t make
B. not make
• C. not making
D. not to make
• 12. Visitors ____ not to touch the exhibits.
(NMET2001)
• A. will request
B. request
• C. are requesting D. are requested
Fill in the blanks
1. He said, “My sister was here for
three days.”
He said that____
his sister ___
had _____
been
____ ___
there
for three days.
2. She said ,”I’ll go there tomorrow.”
She said that ___
_____ go there
she would
___________.
the next day
3. She said, “Did you see him last
night?”
She _____
asked me __________________
if/whether I saw
him _______________.
the night before
4. “When did you go to bed last night?”
Father said to Peter.
Father asked
_____ Peter ______________
when he went to
____
bed the night ______.
before 具体时间
5. The host said to us, “Please come
to see us again if you have time.”
______________________________
The host asked us to go to see
_______________________.
them again if we had time
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