Case Study Scholarship Monday, January 14, 2013 Noon CST Session audio delivered via phone - type your phone number into the popup window or dial (866) 552-9877 This webinar is co-organized by the Agribusiness Economics and Management (AEM) section of AAEA and TLC, hosted by the Purdue University Agricultural Economics Department and Center for Food and Agricultural Business Housekeeping Details Josh Detre, Emcee – 12:05 – 12:20 Lisa House – 12:20 – 12:30 Q & A – 12:30 – 12:45 Mike Boland – 12:45 – 1:00 Q & A Questions? Type into the chat window to all participants or ask over the phone. Emcee will manage Q & A. Please mute your phone if not asking a question. Today’s Presenters Lisa House • Florida Agricultural Market Research Center, University of Florida • Former Chair, AAEA Invited Case Study Session Committee Mike Boland • Food Industry Center, University of Minnesota • Co-authored over 80 agribusiness case studies AAEA and Case Studies Lisa House University of Florida Former Chair, AAEA Invited Case Study Session Committee Objectives Overview AAEA and case studies – Invited paper case study session – Annual call for cases – Evaluation criteria What make a good case? History of AAEA and Case Studies Review of Agricultural Economics – Change to Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy (AEPP) Introduction of Invited Case Study Session Journal of Natural Sciences Education http://www.aaea.org/publications/jnrlse-callfor-submissions Invited Paper Case Study Session Goal to have 3 case studies per year in an invited session at the AAEA meetings As with other invited sessions, potential for publication in the AJAE Selection of cases is based off 3-5 page (2,000 word max) proposals and is conducted by a committee selected by the AAEA Board (blind review) Annual Call for Cases Show how the application of economic principles to decision making in the public and/or private sectors leads to better decisions – Focus on economics Emerging issues encouraged All fields (not just agribusiness) Evaluation Criteria Deals with a problem that has a high level of importance/interest/relevancy to members of AAEA Clear and concise teaching objective(s) and target audience(s) (e.g. undergraduate students, graduate students, extension audiences) Case summary that presents solutions and explanations of how the learning objectives are realized Leads to a better understanding of how the application of economic principles improves decision making A general description of the teaching plan for presenting the case to include expected student use of reference material What makes a good case? (Part 1) Teaching note – – – – Identify audience Summarize case Identify learning objectives Present teaching strategy Case study – – – – Value of topic New topic or novel approach to analysis Written in an understandable manner Ability to obtain information necessary for analysis Further Suggestions Look at examples of published cases in AJAE, RAE, and IFAMR journals IFAMR article on case standards for publications: – https://www.ifama.org/publications/journal/vol3/cms docs/369-379.pdf Some typical problems with past submissions: – Not written as a case study – No economic issue – No clear purpose Thoughts on Writing Case Studies Michael Boland Food Industry Center University of Minnesota Motivation Have historically taught capstone type courses using an active student / participant-centered learning style – Agribusiness / Food business curriculum Teach in a number of executive education style programs with non-degree seeking students – Case study type courses Ray Goldberg protégé – Harvard Business School philosophy – Study an industry and how a firm operates in that industry Economics of organizations – Cases are a useful way to work in this area Product of my environment – Doctorate at Purdue University / influence of CAB – Career at Kansas State – Current job at Minnesota Objectives Discuss case study as a scholarship activity – Research – Teaching What make a good case – Best practices Case Study as Research Scholarship Firm is unit of analysis within an industry (e.g., NAICS code) as opposed to price – Coase and others discuss reasons why – Penrose’s classic case on Hercules – Used in agribusiness economics and management • Boland and Crespi AEPP article on dissertations found more than 15 dissertations using this type of approach • Wysocki dissertation is a good example Requires careful consideration of industry and firms – Public and private data Example: Suppose you wanted to study variables associated with sustainability efforts in food economy Choose an industry (e.g., retail supermarkets, etc.) – More than 300 retail grocery stores chains in USA • Segment firms – Dissect CSR statements into stakeholder categories using Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) categories • Employees, community, consumers, education, resources, etc. – Measure ‘weight of effort’ used for each category – Stakeholder theory suggest that there are three types of demand for sustainability: regulatory (descriptive), cognitive (instrumental), normative. – Each firm’s ‘weight of effort’ can be placed in one of the three demands. – An economic model that uses sustainability of demand as a function of these different GRI categories can be described (not econometrically estimated) – Academic journal are available for publication Case Study as Teaching Scholarship Decision cases – User of the case must have a decision to make – Integration of subjects such as accounting, economics, finance, marketing, strategy, etc. – Requires information to help student learn • Unique characteristics about the industry including production, processing, distribution, and sales. • How the firm operates as an organization Requires primary and secondary data Example: suppose you wanted students to understand why a firm has persistent profitability over time Identify the learner outcomes that you want the user to understand – I always work backwards; generally include spreadsheet exercises Begin with a firm that exhibits this type of behavior – Identify the reasons why • Industry and firm effects Prepare case draft of the industry and firm using public data (including teaching note) – Contact firm leader, describe what you seek to do, and what you need from them. • Interview them (invite to class if possible) – Prepare final draft • Ask your contact to have someone read and sign off on factual issues in case Numerous books and journals to publish in What makes a good case? (Part 2) Interesting industry and interesting firm Ability to bring it to life Accurate and in-depth teaching note – Remember any instructor than yourself has little or now knowledge of the industry or case • Get the learner outcomes right and include tips on using case – Make it easy for user to use the case – As a case writer, be available if an instructor using your case asks you to chat for five minutes on phone or skype – Review cases for academic journals! Learn a lot being a peer reviewer. – Get involvement of the company – Don’t underestimate the readability factor Other Notes Most of my cases involve students – Ideal project for a first semester graduate student • Tight deadline and deliverable in one semester • Teaches writing skills • Learn independent and critical thinking skills Develop some discipline – I try to write two cases a year for use in class Follow-up A link to the archived webinar will be emailed and linked on the web page by Tuesday morning https://www.agecon.purdue.edu/cab/programs/webinar/case_studi es/ Thank you for attending!