A Nation is Born 1750-1800 American Literature Authors we will read Benjamin Franklin Michel-Guillaume Jean de Crevecoeur Thomas Paine Thomas Jefferson The Age of Reason or Enlightenment Writers valued reason over faith. God gave reason to mankind. People are generally good and not evil Humans were born with an innate ethical sense and had the ability to regulate and improve their own lives. Sir Isaac Newton said that God was like a clockmaker who created the perfect mechanism of this universe and left it to run on its own. Belief in the power of science to further human progress. Scientists – Galileo and Sir Isaac Newton Historical Period French and Indian War battle for control of North America 1754-1763- France lost Britain strengthens control of territories and power of the American Colonies. Stamp Act 1765 Townshend Act of 1767: taxed normal household goods Boston Massacre 1770 Boston Tea Party Coercive Acts—in response to the Tea Party: shut down port of Boston, forbid meetings, allowed British troops to be housed with Colonists (Col. called them the “Intolerable Acts.”) Historical Period “The Shot Heard Round the World” April 19, 1775- battle on the Lexington Green— 8 Americans dead This marks the start of the Revolutionary War The War ends on October 19, 1781 Literature of the Period -Much of what was produced was public writing. --Speeches and pamphlets were used to defend colonial rights. -By 1776, 30 newspapers existed. -By Washington’s inauguration,40 magazines existed. -Almanacs were popular. Cries for a New Nation Focus on politics in writing: Common Sense- important document by Thomas Paine 1776- sold over 100,000 copies within 3 months The Declaration of Independence – 1776 Thomas Jefferson 1st draft Other Public Documents Articles of Confederation- established the “league of friendship” between states. This document fails. The Federal Constitution replaces the articles. Bill of Rights added to strength document Benjamin Franklin 1706-1790 Poor Richard’s Almanac was familiar to most colonial households. -provided info about the calendar and weather and also contained aphorisms (an aphorism= a short saying with a message). Franklin’s Autobiography covers only his early years. It is considered one of the finest autobiographies in any language.