CSI Lecture 1 - War and the World

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After the Cold War

Theo Farrell, CSI Lecture 1, 2011

Not all dreadful..

The Love Cats  We move like cagey tigers | We couldn't get closer than this  The way we walk | The way we talk  The way we stalk | The way we kiss  We slip through the streets | While everyone sleeps  Getting bigger and sleeker | And wider and brighter  We bite and scratch and scream all night

Cold War ‘security’ studies  States  Strategy  Science  Status quo

More dangerous?

John Mueller, ‘The Quest for Trouble’ (1995).

 Clinton: ‘world is free but less stable’ (1993).

 Simplifying the past  Knocking nationalism  Redefining stability  Elevating small problems

Post-Cold War security studies?

David Baldwin, World Politics (1995)  Do nothing – the neorealist way  Modest reform – regional security  Radical reform – open up concept of security

Buzan, People, States and Fear (1983) Five sectors:  Military  Political  Economic  Societal  Environmental

Essentially contested concept  What is security?  Whose security?

 What is a security issue?

 How can security be achieved?

What is security?

 Barry Buzan: ‘freedom from threat’  Ken Booth: ‘survival-plus’ – lifiting people out of oppressions such as war and poverty  ‘Freedom from’ v. ‘freedom to’

Whose security?

 Referent object?

 Rise of the state  Buzan (neorealist): states  Booth (critical theorist): people

What is a security issue?

 David Campbell, Writing Security (1992)  Securitzation theory: mobilising the state  Threats, Challenges and Change (2004): mobilising the international community

How can security be achieved?

 Realism = national security  Liberalism = international security  Critical theory = emancipation

Post-Cold War security challenges  Failed and murderous states  American power and rising challengers  Nuclear proliferation  The Iraq Wars  Global terrorism  COIN and Afghanistan

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