Temperance Movement - Livingston Public Schools

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Temperance Movement
BY: ASHLEY SUH, CRISTINA PREZIOSI,
MACKENZIE BROWER
Background Info/Description
Causes of the movement:
What is the Temperance Movement?
 New immigrants, such as the Irish and Italians, were entering the U.S.
A social movement in the early 19th century that pushed people to reduce
 The Irish and Italians had a lot of drinking of alcohol in their culture
and even abstain from the intake of alcohol or other distilled beverages
which heightened the amount of drinking in the U.S. to a certain extent
This movement criticized the use of alcohol and promoted complete
 Since the end of the American Revolution, it became common for
abstinence,
ortothe
absolute prohibition
of because
alcohol of the many economic and
Americans
excessively
drink alcohol
social problems
the country
Another
word forofcomplete
abstinence is teetotalism

Alcohol
was seen
as pushed
healthier
drink
thanwho’s
waterfamilies
becausesuffered
most water
This
movement
was
fortoby
women
from
sources were contaminated
their husbands drinking
 There was an increase of violence in families from the men coming home
drunk which fueled women to emerge as supporters of temperance

Many men would get a pay check after work and would go to bars to
drink, spending all the money that they had to support their families

Overall, alcohol and distilled beverages led to problems in health,
destitution, crime, and violence
Important Leaders
Lyman Beecher
 A Presbyterian
Amelia
Bloomer minister who preached about abstaining from alcohol








Gave six thunderous sermons on temperance
Did
like therights
idea ofand
drinking
in moderation
Anot
women’s
temperance
supporter
Was anti-Catholic because some Catholic ceremonies involved the
consumption of wine
Was the editor of the first women’s newspaper, “The Lily”
He preached about anti-slavery and had a lasting impact on his children,
notably Harriet Beecher Stowe, a famous abolitionist
“Thehis
Lily”
was a temperance
journal
Despite
pro-abolition
stance, he
was racist against African Americans
and refused to let African Americans listen to his teachings
Founder
the American
Had aofgreat
influenceTemperance
over womenSociety which was established in
1826 in Boston, MA
The American Temperance Society promoted abstinence from alcoholic
beverages and millions of Americans took the pledge to abstain from
alcohol
Credited as the starter of the Second Great Awakening
Accomplishments
 There was a decline in alcohol consumption in the
1860s
 Schools started to teach about the effects of
alcoholism
 Alcohol prohibition laws came into effect in several
states, such as Maine
Connection to Jacksonian Democracy
Quotes:
The “cult of domesticity” from Jacksonian Democracy was
•“The same Power that brought the slaves out of bondage
challenged during the temperance movement by Amelia
will, in His own good time and way, bring about the
Bloomer. She wrote “The Lily”, her temperance
emancipation
of women,
her equal
in power
and
newspaper. By
writing and
this make
newspaper,
Bloomer
shows
dominion
thatof
she
wasdrinking
in the beginning.”
the dangers
men
and how it–Bloomer
threatens the
woman and children in their family. Since women
•“…Women
eat,because
they drink,
they“cult
sleep,
dress, they
couldn’t vote
of this
ofthey
domesticity”,
dance
and at
they die,
having
accomplished the
Bloomer
is last
showing
her without
expression
in government
great
purposes
of their
creation.”
–Bloomer’s
salutary
through
writing,
which
also goes
back to the
idea of the
article
“Risein
ofthe
theWestern
Common
Home
Man”.
Visitor
Amelia Bloomer gained
more women supporters as more women read her
newspaper.
Multiple Choice Questions
Lyman Beecher did all of the following things
EXCEPT:
a) Preach about temperance
b) Start the American Temperance Society
c) Preach about the flaws and prohibition of
immigration
d) Promote the prohibition of distilled beverages
Multiple Choice Questions
The American Temperance Society was:
a) An organization that supported women’s rights and
the prohibition of abolition
b) An organization that supported abolitionist
movements and supported temperance
c) An organization that promoted alcoholism and
caused the Second Great Awakening
d) An organization that promoted temperance and
teetotalism
Multiple Choice Questions
The Temperance Movement was MOSTLY supported
by:
a) Presbyterian ministers and anti-Catholics
b) Women
c) Free African Americans
d) Jacksonian democrats
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