# LC1-Solving Linear Equations session I (2)

```Botswana Accountancy College
Computing &amp; Information Systems
Module: Computer Related Mathematics and Statistic
Session 1: Linear Equations In One Unknown Variable
References:
1.Seymour. Lipschutz : Essential Computer Mathematics
Objectives of this session
 Differentiate between equations and
expressions
Manipulate properties of Equality.
Solve equation with fractions and equation
without fractions
 Change the subject of formulae
What is an equation?
•
A statement in which two expressions are
equal
Ex: Which of the following are equations?
a. 3x-7=12
b. 24x+5
c. 2x-7x2+4x3
d. 12x+3= -4x-8
Properties of Equality
to both sides of an equation.
• Subtraction prop of = - can subtract the
same term from both sides of an equation.
• Multiplication prop of = - can multiply both
sides of an equation by the same term.
• Division prop of = - can divide both sides
of an equation by the same term.
** So basically, whatever you do to one side
of an equation, you MUST do to the other!
Solution of an Equation
Multiplication Property
Solving Linear Equations
Solving Equations
Example: Solve for the variable.
2
x  8  16
9
5x  2  42x  7  x
5x 10  8x  28  x
2
x8
9
5x 10  7 x  28
9
x  8 
2
12x  18
12x 10  28
x
x  36
18
12
3
x
2
Equations With Fractions
Equations With Fractions
Solving Equation
Ex: Solve for x.
2
1
3
x   2x 
3
5
10
1
3 
2

30 x    30 2 x  
5
10 
3

20x  6  60x  9
 40x  6  9
 40x  15
 15
x
 40
3
x 
8
Ex: Solve the equations.
5(x-4)=5x+12
5x-20=5x+12
-20=12
7x+14 -3x=4x+14
4x+14=4x+14
0=0
Doesn’t make sense!
This one makes sense,
but there’s no variable
left!
Dry ice is solid CO2. It does not melt, but
changes into a gas at -109.3oF. What is
this temperature in oC?
9
Use F  C  32
5
9
 109.3  C  32
5
9
 141.3  C
5
5
( 141.3)  C
9
 78.5o  C
Examples
• Solve 11x-9y= -4 for y.
-11x
-11x
-9y=-11x-4
-9
-9 -9
11 4
y  x
9 9
• Solve 7x-3y=8 for x.
+3y +3y
7x=3y+8
7 7 7
3
8
x y
7
7
Ex: Solve the area of a trapezoid
formula for b1.
A = &frac12; (b1+b2) h
2A = (b1+b2) h
2A
 b1  b2
h
2A
 b2  b1
h
Last Example:
• You are selling 2 types of hats: baseball hats &amp;
visors. Write an equation that represents total
revenue.
Total
Revenue
Price of
baseball
cap
# of
caps
sold
R = p1B + p2V
Price of
visor
# of
visors
sold
Summary
We use properties of equality to solve
equations.
Equations with fractions can be simplified
by multiplying both sides by a common
denominator.
Refer to reference textbook:
Seymour. Lipschutz : Essential Computer
Mathematics; page 247 for further examples and
exercises.
```