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Textual Aids in Understanding Texts

Determine the effect of textual aids like
advance organizers, titles, non-linear
illustrations, etc. on the understanding of a
EN10RC - Ia - 11.1
Activity 1: A Puzzle is Worth a Word
refers to a group of sentences that needs to be
read from beginning to end to make sense of the
Short Stories
Educational Texts
It is a reading material that has different reading
paths. The reading path may be guided by
illustrations, numbers, arrows, or lines. The text
makes sense by following the visual guide.
Concept Maps
Activity 2: Linear or Non-Linear
Directions: Select which of the items are examples of non-linear texts.
These are graphics on a page that stand out form a main
They help readers understand the texts they are reading
,and visualize what they are reading.
They help readers enhance their learning as they read
through the material (esp. in Mathematics and Sciences)
They can appear in many forms such as: diagrams,
graphs, charts, tables, maps and timelines.
• These are drawings that
explain or show something
such as understanding
steps, how objects are
made, or information in the
• A graph is a visual
comparison of data and is
often used in Mathematics
and Science research. After
gathering, information, we
place it in a bar/pie/line
format to help us read
facts and figures in a short
amount of time.
• A flowchart shows a series
of events in proper order. If
you have concept that has
steps such as processes or
sequence, this is what you
need to use.
• A timeline shows specific events
in sequence in which they
happened. However, it usually
shows dates, in a linear fashion,
from the oldest to the most
recent , or vice versa.
Other forms of non-textual information
include concept maps, spider map,
sensory observation chart, line graph, bar
graph, pie graph, pictograph and other
related images. Information may also be
presented in a form of infographics.
Transcoding Linear to Non-Linear Text
Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
Step 4
Step 5
• Read the text and get the main idea.
• Extract necessary information for the visual presentation.
• Remember to use keywords or phrases only.
• Classify information into categories.
• Make sure to use the correct non-linear text to present the information.
ACTIVITY 1: In a ½ sheet of paper, transform the text
below into a non-textual information source using the
appropriate textual aids.
Sharks and whales are classic examples of two
different animals revealing similar traits in the same
environment. One of the similarities of the these two marine
animals is their habitat. They both live in the vast range of depth
in their environment. They also have the same fin structure.
They only have a single tail for propulsion and because they are
both large aquatic animals. They both consume large amount of
food; however, sharks hunt for their food. Whales do not have
this hunting tendency. Another difference of sharks to whales is
their class. Whales are mammals while sharks are fish but they
both live in the ocean. Also, whales have bones while sharks
have only cartilages.
Unit Assessment: Identify what is asked in each item.
1. Textual aids are educational __________ used in Science
books to help students understand and visualize what they
are reading, for example, the description of Photosynthesis.
a. materials
b. instruments
c. diagrams
d. connectors
2. The following statements about textual aids are true except
a. These are tools that provide support and simplify comprehension
of texts.
b. These are graphical outlines or images that give a general idea
of a topic.
c. These help people understand any story or subject since they
emphasize the focus point.
d. These can make the learning process complicated as there will
be labels and processes to understand.
3. A Venn Diagram is
a. a sequence chart that shows series of events in
b. a graphic presentation of the connection between
numerical data.
c. an illustration or drawing that contains key
d. a graphic organizer that shows the similarities and
4. A timeline is _______________________.
a. a visual display of major events over a period of
b. a textual aid that can show the central thought
with its matching characteristics.
c. an illustration that contains key information
supporting a paragraph.
d. a textual aid that identifies, classifies, or
categorizes two or more ideas.
5. A bar graph _______________________.
a. connects and compares numerical data in an
organized manner.
b. presents events that have happened over a period of
c. provides visualization of what we do not normally see.
d. shows information of the oldest to the most recent
6. It is a commonly used graphic organizer that can
help provide ways, paths, and directions to people.
a. map
b. diagram
c. graph
d. chart
Identify what graphic organizer will be most
appropriate to use in the following instances:
7. The graphic organizer will show the succession of
Philippine Presidents from Emilio Aguinaldo in 1899 to
Rodrigo Duterte in 2022.
a. diagram
b. graph
c. illustration
d. timeline
8. The graphic organizer will show the life cycle of a
frog, from living in the water up to land.
a. diagram
b. graph
c. illustration
d. timeline
9. The textual aid helps children to appreciate fables
and folktales from different countries.
a. diagram
b. graph
c. illustration
d. timeline
10. This textual aid helps the public understand how
proper handwashing is done, to prevent the spread
of COVID-19
a. illustration
b. graph
c. infographic
d. diagram
Watch the trailer of the movie
entitled “Train to Busan 2”.
Do you have any questions?
Email me at gretchen.carino@deped.gov.ph
Contact me at 09163172949
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