Uploaded by samuel lankford

Chart with Sleep Disorders

Sleep Disorders
Sleep Deprivation
Sleep deprivation is caused not receiving enough sleep.
May be caused from mental conditions such as stress, or physical conditions
that inhibit comfort which could lead to poor sleep.
Lack of sleep causes elevated cortisol which can lead to worsening medical conditions.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Insomnia is caused by behavioral choices such as varying
bedtime and rise time, lifestyle, diet, physical and mental
conditions, medications, use of stimulants such as nicotine and
tobacco, coffee,
Overactivity in the brain leading to impaired circadian rhythms.
Clinical Manifestation (s)
Impaired cognitive function, impaired performance on simple tasks,
Leads to obesity, inability to sleep, irritability, daytime sleepiness.
Clinical Manifestation (s)
Difficulty falling asleep, prolonged nighttime awakening or
awakening to early and not being able to fall back asleep,
awakening earlier than desired, avoidance of or resistance to
scheduled bedtime, inability to sleep without intervention.
Narrowing of the airflow passages with
relaxation of muscle tone during sleep or the
tongue and soft palate falling backward and
partially or completely obstruct the pharynx.
Partial or complete upper air way obstruction
during sleep apnea is the cessation of respiratory
airflow for longer than 10 seconds.
Clinical Manifestation (s)
Frequent arousals during sleep, insomnia,
excessive daytime sleepiness, witnessed apneic
episodes. Loud snoring, morning headaches,
OSA can lead to serious health conditions such as
hypertension, type 2 diabetes, dysrhythmias,
coronary heart disease.
Interprofessional Care
For those in the hospital who are experiencing sleep deprivation it may be wise
To consult HCP to see if schedules can be modified to decrease disruptive environmental.
Factors such as wound care, medication administration, reduce noise and light level at night.
Interprofessional Care
Interprofessional Care
Administrations of drug therapy such as benzodiazepines, teach
proper sleep hygiene, non-drug therapy such as CBT for chronic
There is behavior treatment such as positional
treatment which could help alleviate the effects
of gravity on the airway improving sleeping
disorders. There are also medical devices that
can be of use for those with more severe
symptoms. Devices like CPAP reduces apnea
episodes. If these measures are not enough
there are surgical interventions that can help
such as UPPP and GAHM.
Compare & Contrast Sleep Deprivation with
Compare & Contrast Insomnia with Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Insomnia and obstructive sleep apnea both lead to impaired
ability to stay asleep and daytime sleepiness, however unlike
Obstructive sleep apnea insomnia does not impact ability to
breath while sleeping. OSA causes snoring and impaired
Compare & Contrast Sleep Deprivation with
Obstructive Sleep Apnea