# Activity - Introduction to Rational Expressions

```Introducing rational expressions to students can be made enjoyable and engaging by incorporating
interactive activities and real-life examples. Here's a fun way to introduce rational expressions:
**Activity: &quot;Mixing Juices&quot;**
Objective: To introduce students to rational expressions while using a relatable real-life scenario of
mixing different fruit juices.
Materials:
- Various fruit juice bottles or containers (e.g., orange juice, apple juice, grape juice, etc.)
- Measuring cups
- Whiteboard or chalkboard
- Markers or chalk
- Handouts with expressions for students to work with
Instructions:
1. **Setting the Stage**: Begin the activity by telling the students they are going to be &quot;mixologists&quot; at a
juice bar. Their task is to create new juice blends by mixing different fruit juices together.
2. **Naming the Juices**: Assign each type of fruit juice a variable, such as &quot;O&quot; for orange juice, &quot;A&quot; for
apple juice, and &quot;G&quot; for grape juice. Write these variables on the board.
3. **Writing Expressions**: Now, ask students to create expressions representing various juice mixtures.
For example:
- O + A (Orange juice + Apple juice)
- 2O + 3G (Double the amount of orange juice and triple the amount of grape juice)
- 4A - 2G (Four times the amount of apple juice minus two times the amount of grape juice)
4. **Simplifying Expressions**: Next, have students simplify the expressions by combining like terms. For
instance:
- O + A simplifies to O + A (as they are unlike terms)
- 2O + 3G simplifies to 2O + 3G
- 4A - 2G simplifies to 4A - 2G
5. **Creating Rational Expressions**: Introduce the concept of rational expressions by mixing juice
concentrates with water. For example:
- O/(O + 3) represents a mixture of orange juice concentrate and water in a 1:3 ratio.
- (3G + 5)/(2A - 1) represents a mixture of grape juice concentrate, water, and apple juice concentrate
in a 3:2:5 ratio.
6. **Exploring Different Ratios**: Have students explore different ratios by creating their own rational
expressions and simplifying them.
7. **Tasting the Creations**: If possible, actually mix the juices according to the students' expressions
and let them taste their juice creations. This adds a fun element of hands-on experience.
8. **Discussion**: After the activity, lead a class discussion about the rational expressions they created,
simplified, and how they related to the juice mixture scenarios.
This activity not only introduces students to rational expressions but also encourages creativity, problemsolving, and critical thinking. It connects the abstract concept of rational expressions to a real-life
context, making it more meaningful and enjoyable for students.
```