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Lesson 4

Quarter 3 - Lesson 4
Structural grammar is particularly useful for indicating structures of modification. Modification is a syntactic
construction in which one grammatical element (for example, a noun) is accompanied (or modified) by another (for
example, an adjective). A structure modification is composed by a head and a modifier. A head is the main word
emphasized by a modifier. Specifically, a modifier changes, clarifies, qualifies, or limits a particular word in a sentence in
order to add emphasis, explanation, or detail. What Is a Single-Word Modifier?
 A single-word modifier is a descriptive word that modifies the meaning of another word, phrase or clause. It can be
an adjective or an adverb.
Adjectives describe or modify nouns or pronouns.
Task 1 – Adjective or Adverb?
Instructions: Identify whether the underlined single-word modifier used from each sentence is
an adjective or adverb. Write ADJ if the modifier used is an adjective; if it is an adverb, write
ADV. Write your answers on a separate sheet of paper.
________ 1. Tara walks gracefully.
________ 2. Michael was tired after he ran.
________ 3. The house looked empty.
________ 4. You write so neatly.
________ 5. Those flowers look colorful.
________ 6. The teams were matched evenly.
________ 7. She wore a beautifully designed dress.
________ 8. Dan plays a special role in the play.
________ 9. Singing in a karaoke is fun.
________ 10. Peter finished his assignment remarkably quickly.
________ 11. Marie is a careful little girl. Now that you are equipped with the knowledge you
just have learned, let’s try some exciting activities.
________ 12. He is eating very slowly.
________ 13. Pim feels grateful after receiving the award.
________ 14. Tomorrow, I will be wearing a purple jacket.
________ 15. The visitors have arrived early.
Task No. 2 – It’s Your Time to Shine
Directions: Write the head and the modifier in the sentence. Write your answers on a separate
sheet of paper.
Example: Paul is wearing a gray tuxedo.
Answer: head – tuxedo; modifier – gray
1. Tom works slowly.
2. Sue climbs up the ladder carefully.
3. The dog barks loudly.
4. He is an excellent actor.
5. They learn the English language easily.
6. Max sings well.
7. It’s awfully cold today.
8. John Lenon’s songs are simply good.
9. The little boy is eating a hot porridge.
10. I tasted the cake deliciously.