Chapter 8 Study Guide Building a Republic, 1775-1789 Joshua Falls 1. Why was the confederation government’s authority so limited? Because there was no federal government 2. What were the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation? What events played a significant role in showing those weaknesses? Each state only had one vote in Congress, regardless of size 3. How did states determine who would be allowed to vote? They excluded women and nonwhite men 4. What was the significance of the Treaty of Fort Stanwix and the Northwest Ordinance (1784, 1785, and 1787)? It showed where the rest of the west would be settled 5. Why did the government proposed by the Constitutional Convention employ multiple checks on each branch? So that one branch would not hold most of the power. 6. How did the Great Compromise satisfy both the Virginia and New Jersey plans? It created a bicameral legislature 7. What did antifederalists oppose the Constitution? They did not like the ratification of the constitution. Terms and Names- Define and give the historical significance (Who, What, Where, When, Why, How) of the following: Articles of Confederation: main priority was to form a common defense Requisition: a request of 3 million dollars towards operating costs, foreign leaders, and American soldiers Republicanism: government that promoted the people’s welfare Bill of Rights: 10 rights given to citizens in America that shall not be infringed Elizabeth Freeman (Mum Bett): won freedom based on the idea that “all men are born free and equal” Gradual Emancipation: laws to balance civil rights of blacks. Robert Morris: insisted that taxation was necessary. Impost: a tax Newburgh Conspiracy: a plan to challenge the authority of the congress Iroquois Confederacy: several tribes of native Americans formed a government. Treaty of Fort Stanwix: established new boundary lines between the colonists and native peoples Northwest Territory: rea north of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi Northwest Ordinance 1784, 1785, and 1787: created procedures for dividing land. Shays’s Rebellion: a series of attacks on government properties. James Madison: wrote 85 essays called The Federalist Papers Alexander Hamilton: helped write the federalist papers Constitutional convention: event in which 35 men gathered in Philadelphia and agreed there were weaknesses in the article. Virginia Plan: outlined the three government branches. New Jersey Plan: 15-point plan to restructure the government Great Compromise (Sherman Compromise or Connecticut Compromise): created the three fifths compromise United States Constitution: The us government and its three branches. Three-Fifths Clause: Stated that a slave was counted as three fifths of a free person for population reasons Fugitive Slave Clause: demanded that citizens help recover fugitive slaves Commerce Clause: discussed fugitives and the import of people. Federalists: favored weak state government and wanted a centralized government. Antifederalists: opposed the ratification of the 1787 U.S. Constitution The Federalist Papers: wanted to ratify the constitution .