Functions as Representations of Real-Life Situations. Franklin E. Benitez Functions can often be used to model real-life situations. Identifying an appropriate functional model will lead to a better understanding of various phenomena. Example 1. Give a function 𝑪 that can represent the cost of buying 𝒙 meals if one meal costs P40.00. Solution: Since each meal costs P40.00, then the cost function is 𝑪(𝒙) = 𝟒𝟎𝒙. Example 2. A videoke machine can be rented for P1000 for three days, but for the fourth day onwards, an additional cost of P400 per day is added. Represent the cost of renting a videoke machine as a piecewise function of the number of days it is rented. 𝒇 𝒙 = 𝟏𝟎𝟎𝟎, 𝟏𝟎𝟎𝟎 + 𝟒𝟎𝟎(𝒙 − 𝟑), 𝒊𝒇 𝟎 < 𝒙 ≤ 𝟑 𝒊𝒇 𝒙 > 𝟑 Seatwork 1. A user is charged P300 monthly for a particular mobile plan, which includes 100 free text messages. Messages in excess of 100 are charged P1 each. Represent the amount a consumer pays each month as a function of the number of messages m sent in a month. 2. A jeepney ride costs P8.00 for the first 4 kilometers, and each additional integer kilometer adds P1.5 to the fare. Use a piecewise function to represent the jeepney fare in terms of the distance (d) in kilometers. ASSIGNMENT: The cost of hiring a catering service to serve food for a party is P150 per head for 20 persons or less, P130 per head for 21 to 50 persons, and P110 per head for 51 to 100persons. For 100 or more persons, the cost is at P100 per head. Represent the total cost as a piecewise function of the number of attendees of the party.