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1. Richard pleaded
his teacher in becoming late at school.
A. to
B. for
C. with
D. and
2. Foods rich in folate, a form of vitamin B
stroke and heart disease.
reduce the risk of
A. help
B. helps
C. helped
D. is helping
3. A website is unlimited
you to other websites where you can
access for more information and discoveries.
A. until it linking
B. because it links
C. since it linked
D. while it link
4. Filipinos are fortunate
the country has natural resources.
A. when
B. hence
C. because
D. despite
5. Over the years, economic growth
environmental preservations.
of greater concern than
A. has been
B. had been
C. have been
D. having been
and rapid economic growth in recent years have put a
large and increasing stress on the water resources and environment in Ho Chi
Min City, Vietnam.
A. Increase population
B. Increased population
C. Increasing population
D. Having increases population
7. A history of depression, denial, injustice and abuse
greatest detriment to people of color.
A. has been
B. had been
C. have been
D. having been
8. The legalization of divorce, until such time, has been
in our
A. A hotly-contested issue
B. the hot contested issue
C. A hotly-contesting issue
D. the hot contesting issue
9. Exercising is done
A. from doing varied activities
B. in doing varied activities
C. by doing varied activities
D. with doing varied activities
a book is her pastime.
A. To browse
B. Browsing
C. Browse
D. To browsed
11. Unlike humans, horses use 90% of their feet to sleep upright kneecap
A. is
B. were
C. are
D. was
12. Today, neither of the twins
going to the beach.
A. is
B. were
C. are
D. was
13. Leni
out against the president Duterte's drug war, which saw the
killings of suspected drug dealers in the slum of Manila.
A. have spoke
B. have spoken
C. has spoke
D. has spoken
Amateur basketball player
A. 6-feet
B. 6 feet
C. 6 foot
D. 6-foot
should help you be better informed about potential risks but
it should not be a source of alarm.
A. Know your family history
B. Knowing your family history
C. To have your family history known
D. Having your family history know
ANG IMPLORED sa list ng reviewers niyo.)
The child who caught cheating implored the teacher not to tell his parents about the incident.
Many medications are safe and effective when taken alone
and ineffective or counter productive
when taken in combination
with something else
A. Money is not a natural reward of love
B. That is why we called a man mercenary
C. If he marries a woman
D. For the sake of her money
A. The man
B. gives antidote so powerful
C. that any poison was made harmless
D. after taking it.
A. Finance statement
B. are formal reports
C. prepared
D. by accountants
A. In many cities around the world
B. the number of homeless people
C. have become
D. a big problem.
A. Outside of written records
B. evidence of Philippine’s existence
C. have survived
D. in pottery relics.
A. A team led by the government agency concerned
B. say that chemicals from the factory
C. had contaminated sediment in the bay
D. and entered the food chain
A. The Gleaning Network,
B. an organizer in the United Kingdom
C. is trying to reduce waste
D. and solve farming problem
A. In 1964,
B. the African countries of Tanganyaki and Zanziban
C. has united to form
D. a single country, now called Tanzania
A. As a mode of expository writing
B. the narrated writing offers writers
C. a chance to think and write
D. about themselves
A. The obligations of the accountant to the client
B. related upon the agreed scope
C. of the engagement which
D. in effect represents a contractual agreement
A. Many medications are safe and effective when taken alone
B. and ineffective or counter productive
C. when taken in combination
D. with something else
A. Money is not a natural reward of love
B. That is why we called a man mercenary
C. If he marries a woman
D. For the sake of her money
A. Unclean water and improper disposal of waste
B. Can be carried highly communicable diseases
C. because of their injurious effects
D. to human life
A. In 1964,
B. the African countries of Tanganyaki and Zanziban
C. has united to form
D. a single country, now called Tanzania
a. You are not always in control
b. of what goes in your mind
c. what stays there
d. because only you can determine
a. In many cities around the world
b. the number of homeless people
c. have become
d. a big problem
18. 18.
a. The tale that was
b. told in a low and mystery voice
c. kept us on the
d. edge of seats
a. Keeping a problem unlocked within us
b. only serve to isolate us from people
c. who cares about us
d. who want to comfort us.
20. 20.
a. Peace and prosperity
b. can be achieved
c. if we have respectable armed forces
d. and a sensible economic development
a. Public pools have consistently
b. demonstrated the public willingness
c. economic growth
d. for environmental protection
a. Remembering person’s name
b. required us to retrieve first
c. our useful memory of the person and then
d. our memory
23. 23.
b. Carry a burden within us is our choice (carrying dapat)
24. 24.
d. while most fruits and vegetables have a lot more value (redundant word)
Vitamin C inhibit (inhibits) dapat
worse (worst dapat)
A cat is a precision instrument – a perfectly engineered hunting machine, designed for
stealth, capture and self-defense. It has padded feet that make no sound and muscles of
enormous power and bulk for the size. Its bones are attached at energy-efficient angles that
create a system of springs and levers perfect for bounding, leaping and climbing. Its claws are
sharper than those of any other mammal and can be withdrawn under sheathlike pads where
they escape injury and wear. No teeth are better suited for hunting than those of the cat –
great canines for tearing and scissor-like premolars for shearing off bits of flesh small enough
to swallow. In the cat’s eye, the colored fibers of the iris respond immediately to light changed
to permit exactness of vision in all light conditions. In the darkness of night the iris contracts
to widen the pupil and admit any trace of available light. In the binding light of midday, the
iris expands and the pupil shuts down to a thin vertical slit. Except in white cats with blue
eyes, a cat’s hearing is extremely acute. Each ear has twenty-seven muscles that allow the cat
to rotate the ear in all directions to collect sound. The cat’s reaction to sudden movement or
noise is so swift that it can usually escape threatening danger – and the little quarry passes
1. The word “quarry” as used in the last paragraph means
A. target
B. hunted
C. hunter
D. victim
2. Cats have acute hearing except the white cat with blue eyes which do not
A. hear well
B. hunt well
C. see well
D. eat well
3. The sentence “The cat is a precision instrument” is a
A. hyperbole
B. simile
C. metaphor
D. irony
4. The selection is mainly about
A. how the cat differs from a dog
B. the cat as a hunting machine
C. how the cat is like a mammal
D. the cat as a house pet
5. We can conclude from the selection that the cat is an animal which can
A. do a lot of tricks
B. be domesticated
C. be very dangerous
D. survive on its own
Studies have consistently pointed to at least three major immediate factors that push
children to stay or live on the streets. These are the poverty of the family, family relationship
factors (physical or sexual abuse) and peer influence. Poverty and peer influence when
compounded with problems and stresses in the family life such as family break-up, child
abuses and neglect, domestic violence by step-parents, underemployed parents, etc.,
altogether create under pressure on the child to leave home and find solace, protection and
support from the peers on the street, eventually becoming susceptible to their influence and
lifestyle. In Metro Manila, population growth, urbanization and migration have increased
through the years. Children are often forced try circumstances to help their family eke out of
living or tend for themselves on the streets. Most of them are children of poor parents who
migrated from rural areas in the hope of finding better job opportunities in the city, but whose
lack of education rendered them ill-equipped to struggle for survival in the urban jungle and
are thus curtained to a life of object poverty. For the street children, life on the streets are a
constant struggle to overcome the various negative comments that threaten to overtake
them and destroy their hopes for survival. They work under the heat of the sun or in the dark
of the night from six to 10 hours, seven days a week, often in a
6. To “eke out of living” means
A. To earn income
B. To live with others
C. To stay in the streets
7. Based on the selection, what value seems to be missing in the families of street children?
A. Loyalty
C. Kindness
B. Honesty
D. Solidarity
8. What is the most important factor that will equipped rural people to survive in the city?
A. Money
C. Food
B. Education
D. Home
9. This selection is simply about
A. Providing homes for the poor
B. Helping street children get an education
C. Factors why children live in the streets
D. How to lessen pressure on the family?
10. Based on the text, we can conclude that street children are
A. Independent
C. Helpless persons
B. Malnourished
D. Victims of poverty
In the light of social changes, we come to the question: What qualities should
distinguish the educated Filipino today? I venture to suggest that the educated Filipino should
first be distinguished by the power to do. The oriental excels in reflective thinking he is a
philosopher. The Occidental is a doer; he manages things, men and affairs. The Filipino of
today needs more of this power to translate reflection into action. I believe that we are
coming more to this power to translate reflection into action. We are coming more likely to
the conviction that no Filipino has the right to be considered educated unless he is prepared
to take an active and useful part in the work, life, and progress of our country as well as in the
progress of the world.
11. What is the best paraphrase of the last paragraph in the passage?
A. Participation in the work and progress of our country is sought by every Filipino
B. The country’s progress and advancement depend primarily on educated Filipino
C. A truly educated Filipino participates actively in the work and progress of the country
and the world as a whole.
D. To be considered educated, one has to be globally competitive and willing to take risks.
12. As used in the selection, what does word “conviction” mean?
A. intellectual guess
B. strong belief
C. verdict
D. allegiance
13. What trait is found in most Orientals but needs to be deepened in Filipino?
A. action oriented
B. patience
C. good in managing
D. reflective thinker
14. What is meant by this line? “ The oriental is a philosopher”
A. Oriental people are contemplative
B. Oriental people have the blood of great philosophers
C. They have a tendency to become philosophers
D. They think like Great Solomon.
15. What value is implied in the same passage above?
A. justice
B. courage
C. hyperactivity
D. active involvement
Unique to Palawan is its mega diversity. For a long time, only the many ethnic
communities that thrive in these islands and a few other daring settlers who wanted to live
in unpolluted surroundings know Palawan’s bountiful resources, abundant wildlife and
extraordinary natural beauty. The island province first attracted foreign attention in the
1970’s when it became a United Nations Vietnamese Refugee Center. At this time, a
disturbance in Kenya also saw the transport of endangered animals from its savannas to the
plains of Calauit island. However, it was only a sea accident in 1979 that eventually led to the
opening of Palawan into major tourist attraction. According to a story, a tuna line disabled a
dive boat’s propeller in the middle of the night forcing it to drop anchor in an inlet. The
following morning, the divers woke up with amazing scenery of skyscraping dark cliff.
16. Which could be an appropriate title of the selection?
a. Palawan and it’s settlers
b. Palawan and it’s extraordinary natural beauty
c. El Nido in 1970’s
d. The discovery of El Nido
17. What does the word “diversity” in the first sentence mean?
a. Variety
b. Equality
c. Similarity
d. Distinction
18. It can be concluded from the selection that
a. El Nido is a tourist spot
b. El Nido is a popular place
c. El Nido was discovered by a diver
d. El Nido has its amazing natural beauty
19. When did Palawan attracted foreign attention?
a. A disturbance in Kenya also saw the transport of endangered animals
b. Divers woke up with amazing scenery of skyscraping dark cliff
c. it became a United Nations Vietnamese Refugee Center
d. A tuna line disabled a dive boat’s propeller in the middle of the night
A world without pasta seems inconceivable. Macaroni and cheese loving children
across the US would howl in protest; Italy might suffer a heart attack; social unrest could
explode in china where noodles are the main staple. But if humans want to keep eating pasta,
we will have to take much more aggressive action against global warming. Pasta is made from
wheat and a large growing body of scientific studies and real world observations suggest what
wheat will be hit especially hard as temperatures rise and storms and drought intensify in the
years ahead. Three grains- wheat, corn and rice account for most of the food that humans
consume. All these are already suffering from climate change, but wheat stands to fare the
worst in the years ahead, for it is the grain most vulnerable to high temperatures. That spells
trouble not only for pasta but also for bread, the most basic food of all. International
agricultural research centers and the private sector have woken up to the fact that higher
temperatures are almost inevitable and they have very little in their genetic toolbox to deal
with them.
20. The meaning of inconceivable in the first sentence of the passage must be
A. Not imaginable
B. Cannot happen
C. Unable to conceive
D. No possibility
21. The passage emphasizes an alarming future scenario because
A. Humans will take more aggressive action against global warming
B. China, where noodles are the main staple, could have social unrest
C. Macaroni and cheese loving children across the US would protest
D. Three significant grains, especially wheat may be lost to humans.
22. This passage entitled Pasta Crisis points out with urgency that
A. Higher temperatures are almost inevitable
B. Three grains are already suffering from climate change
C. More aggressive action against global warming is needed
D. Drought will intensify in the coming years
23. Another way of expressing the idea in the sentence” it is the grain most vulnerable to
high temperatures” is it is the grain
A. Most affected under intense heat
B. Likely to flourish when it gets warm
24. The idea in the passage is develop using
A. Narration
B. Exposition
C. Strongly at risk in temperate areas
D. Inclined to wither if it gets very hot
C. Description
D. Illustration
Inventions enhance people’s lives. Inventions are improvements of previous discoveries. With
technology, inventions are easier to complete. One such invention is the camera. The invention of the
camera gave way to the first underwater camera in 1856. It was placed in a tightly sealed container.
However, when the contraption was underwater, the container broke before many pictures were
taken. It was only in the 1980’s that a camera was made which is able to go deep underwater without
being damaged. Less than twenty years later, technology allowed underwater cameras to take
photographs in color and to go even deeper into the water. With better technology, an invention will
never stay stagnant.
25. What can we infer from the selection?
A. man’s nature is easily influenced
B. man’s nature easily adapts to his environment
C. man is constantly in search of new inventions
D. man easily gives up when confronted with a challenge
26. What is the main idea expressed in the selection?
A. Man by nature is a contented being
B. people makes effort to improve an invention
C. to seek comfort is a man’s goal in life
D. Inventions have a tendency to be copied
27. What can we conclude about invention in the selection?
A. improve people’s lives
B. are easy to accomplish
C. are hard to improve
D. are costly
28. What figure of speech is used in the last line of the selection?
A. Simile
B. Metaphor
C. Hyperbole
D. Personification
29. What is the value presented in the selection?
A. passivity
B. ingenuity
C. contentment
D. Independence
Introduction to Poetry
By Billy Collins
I ask them to take a poem
and hold it up to the light
like a color slide
or press an ear against its hive.
I say drop a mouse into a poem
and watch him probe his way out,
or walk inside the poem’s room
and feel the walls for a light switch.
I want them to waterski
across the surface of a poem
waving at the author’s name on the shore.
But all they want to do
is tie the poem to a chair with rope
and torture a confession out of it.
They begin beating it with a hose
to find out what it really means.
30. What does the stanza 3, 4, and 5 shown?
 Images
31. Who are the Them and They refer to?
 Student poetry
32. Hold them up to light like a color slide,
Press an ear against its hive.
 Senses
33. What does the author trying to convey out the passage?
 Enjoyed and realized
The literature on drug addiction has grown at a rate that defies anyone to keep abreast
of the literature and apparently in inverse proportion tour understanding of the subject.
Addiction or dependence, as it is more fashionable to call it, excites controversy and
speculation yet true understanding of the phenomenon remains elusive. In fact, the area is
fraught with speculation and acrimonious debate. Definition of terms such as “drug”,
“addiction” and “abuse” is obviously less controversial than attempts to explain the nature of
drug dependence, yet even the terminology is imprecise and overlain with subjective
connotations. At its most basic, a drug as defined by the World Health Organization is simply
any substance which when taken into the living organism may modify one or more of its
functions. This kind of definition is too wide to be of any use in discussion of dependence: it
covers everything from insulin to aspirin, penicillin to alcohol.
We can infer from the first sentence that
A. Not all that has been written on the subject of addiction has added to our
B. No one can have read all the literature on any drug
C. The more that is published the more we are likely to understand
D. The rate of growth should be higher if we are to understand the subject
E. writing about addiction is fashionable
35. The author of the second passage implies that he thinks the term “dependence” in the
context of the drugs?
 Has not always been the preferred term
36. What is the effect of drugs acc. to passage?
 Can destroy life
37. Ano ang maitutulong ng drug addiction literature sa tao?
 literature on drug addiction keep human aware about the drug
38. ?
 Last paragraph doesn’t talk about health effect of benefits
39. ?
 On the subject in the addiction has added to our understanding
Homer was a Greek epic poet. Both the date and the place of his birth and death are
not known precisely, but recent research suggests a date between 1050 and 800 B.C. It has
even been claimed that no such man as Homer existed and The Iliad and Odyssey are
collections of traditional ballads and not the work of one man. In any event, they were known
all over the Greek – speaking world before the sixth century B.C. The Iliad is an epic poem
dealing with the siege of Troy by the Greeks. The Odyssey describes the wandering of
Odysseus, a Greek seafarer on his way to Ithaca after the fall of Troy.
40. We can infer the selection that birth of Homer is
 Birth of Homer is inconsistent
41. The epic story
 Still remains a great piece in ancient Greece
42. Illad and Odessy is a story of all about
 About long epic struggles of heroes
43. Illad and Odessy uses
 Artistry and intelligence
Youth is not a time of life; it is a state of mind; it is not a matter of rosy
cheeks, red lips and supple knees; it is a matter of the will, a quality of the
imagination, a vigor of the emotions; it is the freshness of the deep springs of
life. Youth means a temperamental predominance of courage over timidity of
the appetite, for adventure over the love of ease. This often exists in a man of
sixty more than a body of twenty. Nobody grows old merely by a number of
years. We grow old by deserting our ideals. Years may wrinkle the skin, but to
give up enthusiasm wrinkles the soul. Worry, fear, self-distrust bows the heart
and turns the spirit back to dust. Whether sixty or sixteen, there is in every human
being's heart the lure of wonder, the unfailing child-like appetite of what's next,
and the joy of the game of living. In the center of your heart and my heart
there is a wireless station; so long as it receives messages of beauty, hope,
cheer, courage and power from men and from the Infinite, so long are you
young. When the aerials are down, and your spirit is covered with snows of
cynicism and the ice of pessimism, then you are grown old, even at twenty,
but as long as your aerials are up, to catch the waves of optimism, there is
hope you may die young at eighty.
44. What kind of passage is this?
a. Informative
b. Descriptive
c. Expository
d. Narrative
45. The most appropriate title for this selection is
a. On Growing Old
b. on being young
c. Young and Old
d. You Can be Young
46. How did the author described the young generation?
a. Assertive
b. Inquisitive
c. Informative
d. Provocative
The arts generally depend on ridiculous Region, but the theater is most
ridiculous of all. Imagine asking us to pretend that we are in Bangkok after the
fall of Saigon and that Lea is a Vietnamese bar girl who kills herself because
she believes that suicide is the only solution to her problem. More than that,
imagine asking us to believe that and all other characters in the play talk to
each other by singing. The theater is a lily that inexplicably arise from a jungle
of weedy falsities yet, it is precisely from the tension produced by all this
absurdity that theater is able to create each poetry, power, enhancement
47. What is the best title of the SELECTION?
Marvelous singing voices
The imaginative power of drama
The absurdity of musical plays
The production of musical plays
48. Based from the except, the author believes that all the statement are true, EXCEPT?
Theater is based on absurdities
The character in musical plays converse by singing
Theater teaches us that suicide is the only solution to the problem
Theater creates poetry, power enhancement and truth
49. The word “ABSURDITY” means?
a. Fiction
b. Falsehood
c. predictability
d. foolishness
50. Which of the following can be conducted about theater from the selection?
It has different themes
It is the most ridiculous of all the arts
It is able to create poetry, power enhancement and truth.
It is fictional representing of life.
51. The author’s attitude towards unreal situations in the drama is one of.
a. Appreciation
b. Anger
c. disapproval
d. worry
52. The word INEXPLICABLY means?
Cannot be expected
Cannot be predicted
c. cannot be explain
d. cannot be anticipated
53. The statement, : the theater is ally that in explication , from a jungle of weekly falseness
“ means?
The theater is the flower among the arts
The theater raises public taste to a higher level
The theater portrays truth by means of unreal events
In the theater, real actions and singing talents is shown.