Present Continous Forms & Singular-Plural “Rules for Continous Forms and Making Plurals” Era Purike Present Continuous Verb Tense Use to talk about actions that are happening right now I am working. He is carrying the boxes. They are talking. We are writing. Present Continuous Verb Tense Use to talk about something that is happening these days, but not necessarily right now She is studying at MiraCosta College. Present Continuous Verb Tense Ask and answer these questions with a partner: What are you doing right now, at this very moment? What is your boyfriend, girlfriend, husband, wife, friend doing? What are your classmates doing? What are your parents doing? What is the teacher doing? What is something new you are doing these days? Practice with a partner Look at the pictures the instructor shows you and tell what is happening in each picture Use the following form when you speak: Subject + to be + verb+ing Examples: She is sleeping. They are eating. Example Partner A Partner B Partner A Partner B Partner A Partner B Partner A Partner B Partner A Partner B Partner A Partner B Partner A Partner B Partner A Partner B To Form Present Continuous Subject + to be + verb+ing Negatives and Questions in the Present Continuous Tense Statement Yes/no question Wh- question Negative I am eating. Am I eating? What am I eating? I am not eating. You are crying. Are you crying? Why are you crying? You are not crying. He is going. Is he going? Where is he going? He is not going. She is arriving. Is she arriving? When is she arriving? She is not arriving. It is sleeping. Is it sleeping? Why is it sleeping? It is not sleeping. We are leaving. Are we leaving? When are we leaving? They are arguing. Are they arguing? Why are they arguing? We are not leaving. They are not arguing. THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE AFFIRMATIVE: Play I am ‘m You We They He She It are ‘re is ‘s playing THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE INTERROGATIVE: Play NEGATIVE: Play am not ‘m not Am I I Are you we playing? they You are not We aren’t playing They Is he she it He She It is not isn’t VERB + ing (spelling rules) Make –ing forms of each verb given. begin rub listen lie swim study happen • • • • • • • get use admit try decide come put EXERCISES Admit Answer Break Bring Buy Build Clean Come Cut Cry Die Do Dream Enjoy Eat Enter Feel Forget Get Go Hand Heat Hit Jump Jog Lie Live Lend Make Meet Match Open Play Put Rain Refer Rob Run Shop Shout Sing Swim Sit Stand Start Take Talk Turn Visit Vote Wash Write EXERCISES • • • • • • • • • • • Admitting Answering Breaking Bringing Buying Building Cleaning Coming Cutting Crying Dying • • • • • • • • • • • Doing • Dreaming • Enjoying • Eating • Entering • Feeling • Forgetting • Getting • Going • Handing • Heating Hitting • Jumping• Jogging • Lying • Living • Lending • Making • Meeting • Matching• Opening • Playing Putting Raining Referring Robbing Running Shopping Shouting Singing Swimming • • • • • • • • • • Sitting Standing Starting Taking Talking Turning Visiting Voting Washing Writing Questions and negatives He is working. Negative: 1. He is working. Question: 1. 2. The classmates are studying. Question: 2. Everybody is listening. Question: 3. 3. The classmates are studying. Negative: Everybody is listening. Negative: Questions and Negatives Questions: To be + subject + verb + ing + ? Negatives: Subject + to be + not + verb + ing Any Questions? Write a paragraph Write one paragraph describing this scene. Use a topic sentence, present continuous verbs to write about the actions of people in the picture, and a conclusion. Rules for Making Plural Rule # 1 Add an (s) to form the plural of most of words. Examples: book – books bug – bugs friend- friends tutor – tutors flower - flowers Rule # 2 For words that end in (s, z, x, ch, sh, ss) add (es) to form the plural. Examples: quiz - quizzes box - boxes church –churches bush – bushes class – classes Rule # 3 If the word ends in a vowel + (y) [ay, ey, iy, oy, uy] add an (s) to the word. Examples: tray – trays key – keys stay – stays toy - toys buy – buys Rule # 4 If the word ends in a consonant + (y) change the (y) into (i) and add (es) to form the plural. Examples: enemy – enemies cherry – cherries baby – babies party – parties dictionary - dictionaries Rule # 5 For words that end in (f), drop the (f) change it to (v) & add (es) for the plural. For words that end in (fe), change the (f) to (v) & ad (es) to form the plural. Examples: wolf - wolves wife - wives knife – knives self – selves Rule # 6 For nouns that end in a consonant + (o) add (es) to make the noun plural. Examples: tomato – tomatoes hero - heroes potato – potatoes volcano - volcanoes Irregular Plurals I. Some nouns change spelling in the plurals. Singular child man woman foot mouse person goose Plural children men women feet mice people geese Irregular Plurals II. Some nouns do not change in plural. one deer – two deer one sheep – three sheep one fish – four fish Irregular Plurals c. Some nouns are always plural. - scissors - pajamas - eyeglasses - shorts - clothes - plants Examples: 1.My pajamas. 2.Susan’s shorts. 3.Lilly likes plants. Practice Click the word that has the correct plural form. 1. party - parties - partys 2. shoes - shoeses - shoe 3. fox - foxs - foxes 4. gallery - galleries - gallerys 5. weeks - weekes - week 6. bus - buses - buseses 7. elves - elf - elfes 8. leaf - leaves - leafes 9. watches - watch - watchs 10. stereo - stereoses - stereos 11. month - months – monthes 12. witches – witch - witcheses Any Questions? Now Janet is in her house. She is sitting on a wooden chair. She is holding a coat. She is fixing it. James is Janet's husband. He is sitting in front of her. He is fixing clothes too. Elizabeth is sitting next to James. She is Janet's sister. Right now she is helping Janet and James. They are working together. They are fixing clothes. At this moment a man is coming in. He is wearing dark clothes. He is carrying a pile of clothes. They are all working very hard. Where is Janet sitting now? What is she doing? Where is James sitting now? What is he doing? Who is coming in at this moment? What is he carrying?