SEA PORTS IN INDIA CONTENTS INTRODUCTION KANDLA PORT JAWAHAR LAL NEHRU PORT MUMBAI PORT MORMUGAO PORT MANGALORE PORT COCHIN PORT PORT BLAIR TUTICORIN PORT CHENNAI PORT VIZAG PORT PARADIP PORT HALDIA PORT KOLLAM PORT INTRODUCTION India has a vast coast line of about 7400 kilo meters served by 13 major ports and about 184 minor ports and private ports Port is important in international trade. Since a seaport is the nerve of foreign trade permitting import of goods INTRODUCTION The major ports are those ports which are under the preview of the central government and the minor ports also known as non major ports. However, only 61 of the 185 minor ports provide round the year berthing facilities. KANDLA PORT Kandla Port- Gujarat: The Kandla Port is situated on the Gulf of Kutch near the Gandhidham city in Kutch District of Gujarat. The Growth Engine of India host of the major seaport of west coast, The Port of Kandla is the first special economic zone in India as well as in Asia, KANDLA PORT Kandla Port is hub for major imports like petroleum, chemicals and iron also export grains , salt and textiles. Port of Kandla is one of the highest earning ports of India, another port in Gujarat is Mundra Port , India’s largest private port. JAWAHARLAL NEHRU PORT Jawaharlal Nehru Port first name is Nhava Sheva. Nehru port is situated at the mainland of Konkan area across the Navi Mumbai Maharashtra. Jawaharlal Nehru Port is the largest container port in India JAWAHARLAL NEHRU PORT Jawaharlal Nehru Port is the king port of Arabian Sea at west cost. JNP handle a large volume of international container traffic and domestic cargo traffic. The major exports are textiles , carpets , boneless meat and main imports are machinery , vegetable oils and chemicals. MUMBAI PORT The Mumbai Port is located in the mainland of west Mumbai on the West coast of India. Mumbai Port is natural deep-water harbour. Mumbai Port is the largest port in India. MUMBAI PORT Mumbai Port handles bulk cargo traffic with its four jetties for handling Liquid chemicals, Crude and petroleum products International container traffic of Mumbai Port is directed to the new and big Jawaharlal Nehru port. MORMUGAO PORT The main port of Goa, Marmagao port is a best natural harbours of India located in South Goa Marmagao port is one of the leading iron ores exporter port in India raw materials MORMUGAO PORT The port of Marmagao is one of the major attraction of Goa along with the beautiful city of Vasco da Gama. International Airport Dabolim. The natural harbour of Goa is one of India’s earliest modern ports. MANGALORE PORT First name of Manglore port is Panambur Port. Seaport located near to Surathkal railway station in Dakshina Kannada district of Karnataka. New Mangalore Port is a deep water all weather port and the only major port of Karnataka and one of the largest port in India. MANGALORE PORT Port of Mangalore export major commodities manganese, granite stones, coffee and cashew. like main imports includes timber logs , LPG , petroleum products and cargo containers. There is a beautiful beach at south of sea port of Panambur along with the shore of the Arabian Sea. COCHIN PORT The Cochin port is one of the largest port in India. the major port on the Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean sea route. The port of Cochin lies on two islands of Willingdon and Vallarpadam. The largest container trans shipment facility in India. COCHIN PORT Kochi Port is equipped with maritime facilities Cochin Shipyard, Kochi Refineries and Kochi Marina. Kochi city is famous for its traditional spices. Well known as the port city of Fort Kochi during the European colonials. It also get its individual Kochi International airport, third International airport in the state of Kerala. PORT BLAIR Port Blair is the capital city of Andaman Nicobar Islands Andaman Nicobar Islands, a Union Territory of India located at the juncture of the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea. Port Blair is the youngest sea port in India and one of the 12 major port of the country. PORT BLAIR The only port of Andaman islands are connected to mainland of India through flight and ship. Port Blair is the principal hub for shipping in the islands of Andaman. one of the most popular tourist destination with several places of interest around like virgin beaches, scuba diving and water sports. TUTICORIN PORT Tuticorin Port is an artificial deep-sea harbour and one of the 12 major ports of India. It is also known as Tuticorin Port. It is also the second largest port in Tamil Nadu. First is Chennai Port. one of the largest container terminal in India. TUTICORIN PORT The artificial port of Tuticorin is a all weather port and who receive a large volume of international traffic. Port of Tuticorin are a used to be best port for maritime trade and pearl fishery on the bay of Bengal. CHENNAI PORT Madras Port is the one of the oldest port of India. second largest port in the country. Chennai Port also the largest port in the Bay of Bengal. Hub port for cars, big containers and cargo traffic in the east coast of India. CHENNAI PORT Port of the Coromandel Coast handles a variety of cargo containers. Automobiles. Coal. Fertilizers. petroleum products. Chennai Port terminals have lighthouses around, Intra port connectivity, Pipelines and railway terminus. VIZAG PORT The port city Visakhapatnam is located on the southeast coast of India in the state of Andhra Pradesh. Visakhapatnam or Vizag has one of the India’s largest seaport and the oldest shipyard of country. The Visakhapatnam harbours is the only Natural harbours in the bay of Bengal shore. VIZAG PORT Vizag is second largest city in Andhra. The government aims to triple india's total port capacity to 3.1 billion tonnes by 2020. Coal is manually unloaded from vessels and shovelled onto trucks that take it to an open stack yard from where winds carry coal dust to the city. PARADIP PORT The artificial, deep-water port of east coast of India is located in the Jagatsinghpur district of Orissa state. Port of Paradip is the major port in the east cost shore. Port is situated at the confluence of great river Mahanadi and the Bay of Bengal. PARADIP PORT Paradip Port has its own railway system. Cold handling plant and a national highway connects the port with rest of Indian road networks. HALDIA PORT Haldia port is also known as Calcutta port. Haldia port or Calcutta Port is a major seaport situated near the Hooghly River in the state of West Bengal. Port of Haldia is one of the major trade centre for Calcutta. HALDIA PORT Calcutta port receive bulk cargoes of Chemicals, Petrochemicals and oils. Port of Kolkata is also a base of Indian Coast Guard. KOLLAM PORT Kollam Port is one of the major ports in India. Port is situated 4 km away from heart of the City of KollamThe Cashew Capital of the World. It is the second largest port in Kerala by volume of cargo handled and facilities.. KOLLAM PORT It is located on the west coast of India. Kollam city was one the most famous trade hubs in India during AD 800-1800 period. The Port is governed by the Directorate of Ports Department of Government of Kerala. The modern Cargo Port in Kollam was commissioned on 19 October 1997 and inaugurated by Sri. V.S.Achuthanandan, the then Chief Minister of Kerala. Now a customs clearance centre and cement packing terminal is working in the port. The wharf can easily handle ships up to 200 Meters in length. CONCLUSION Indian government has a federal structure, and according to its constitution, maritime transport is to be administered by both the Central and the State governments. While the central government's shipping ministry administers the major ports, the minor and intermediate ports are administered by the relevant departments or ministries in the nine coastal states Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra and Gujarat. Several of these 187 minor and intermediate ports have been identified by the respective governments to be developed, in a phased manner, a good proportion of them involving public–private partnership.