Thailand Part 1 Bellwork Ranet ek 21 keyed wooded xylophone Ranet thum 17 keyed wooden xylophone Ranet ek lek 21 keyed metal xylophone Ranet thum lek 17 keyed metal xylophone Khong wong yai lower pitch 16-gong instrument Outcomes Grammar: Learn basic facts about music from Thailand. Rhetoric: Write a script for a shadow puppet play Announcements Test on Thailand Tuesday Nov 26th Reading #14 due Tuesday Nov 19th Final project interviews and musical samples due Tuesday Nov 19th Pre-Knowledge What is the climate like in Thailand? What is the major religion? There are many statues of what deity? What is the capital of Thailand? What did Thailand used to be called? What American musical takes place in Thailand? Wat Arun Wat Arun Wat Tasung White Temple White Temple Ranet ek Ranet ek lek Khong wong yai Guided Nophes Pi Phat band: A percussion based music ensemble made up of paired idiophones, gongs and oboes Many Southeast Asian instruments have nonfunctional pieces added for visual beauty. Colotomy: It refers to the use of specific instruments to mark off nested time intervals, or the process of dividing rhythmic time into such nested cycles. Mallet hardness: hard mallets create a bright, loud sound. Soft mallets create a quiet, mellow sound. Active Listening #1 Thai Piphat Orchestra-Siam Society What instruments in this ensemble have a role similar to the chac-chac? What technique is used on the ranet instrument where one tone is struck in rapid succession with different mallets? Listening Example #1 Just the Phacts The ranet ek has the melody. Thai music consists of three elements: 1. the use of quarter tones 2. a pentatonic scale and 3. a seven note whole tone scale Thai music is primarily monophonic. Shadow Puppet Nophes Precursor for movies—plays with objects projected on a screen. Nai nung: puppeteer literally means Mr Leather Puppets must be placed directly against the screen or there is no shadow Puppets are colored differently. Most are made from calf skin because it is very thin. 150-200 puppets per troupe, 40-50 puppets are used per play Instruments used: pi nai, saw oo, “glong that”, two metal gongs and a ching Characters must visually portray their identities Puppets include human characters, demons and gods and objects like buildings trees and arrows. Shadow Puppet Video #1 While we watch this video, make up a story line with each scene. Ascertain the identities of each character by their dress and actions. Shadow Puppet Video #2 CFU: Shadow Puppet Theater Worth 25 Mastery Points Work in groups if you wish. Using stories from the Ramayana, create a script acting your story. You may modernize the story if you want, or make up your own story, be creative! Script must be at least two pages Create puppets—remember you must visually represent all characteristics. Puppets can move jaws or just arms when speaking Practice Perform! Active Listening #2 ิ จีน Cherd Chin เชด What new instrument has been added to this pi phat ensemble? What instrument dominates in volume? Which instrument dominates in timbre? Listening Example #2 Just the Phacts There are three types of rhythm: slow, medium and fast Most of Thai music is in duple meter. When a percussion instrument trills one tone is struck in rapid succession with different mallets Map Quest: ID Thailand, Laos and Cambodia Guided Nophes The pi phat are heard in the royal palaces where they accompany the official ceremonies and classical dramatic presentations. The Ranet ek carries the melody in the pi phat ensemble A wat is a buddist church festival Ranets (xylephones) and khongs (gongs) tune by adding or removing a mixture of beexwax or lead to their gong or bar. CFU: Gallery Walk On a small post-it write down one fact from the listening examples of today. When you have completed this, place it in a larger category on the board: Musical Ensembles Music Theory Instrument Facts Do a gallery walk by row and write down two additional facts from the category you chose. Exit Ticket What is a ranet thum? Why must puppets be placed directly against the screen? What three elements does Thai music consist of? Why do some Southeast Asian instruments have nonfunctioning parts? What is colotomy?