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Manufacturing Industries in Maharashtra

Manufacturing Industries in Maharashtra
Industries are the backbone of our country. Industry refers to an
economic activity that is concerned with the production of goods like iron
and steel industry, extraction of minerals like coal mining industry and the
provision of services like tourism industry, manufacturing industry etc.
Why are industries useful for the country:
Industries reduce the heavy dependence of people on agriculture
by providing them jobs.
Industrial development is a pre-condition for eradication of
unemployment and poverty from the country.
By establishing industries in tribal and backward areas, regional
disparities came down.
Export of manufactured goods expands trade and commerce and
brings in much needed foreign exchange.
Countries that transform their raw materials into a wide variety of
furnished goods of higher value are prosperous.
India’s prosperity lies in increasing and diversifying its
manufacturing industries as quickly as possible.
The two types of industries are:
1. Agro-based
2. Mineral-based
What is an Agro-based industry?
Agro-based industries are industries that use plant and animal-based
agricultural output as their raw material. Also, they add value to
agricultural output by processing and producing marketable and usable
products. Some examples of agro-based industries in India include
Textile, Sugar, Vegetable Oil, Tea, Coffee and Leather goods industries.
Agro-based industry would mean any activity involved in cultivation,
under controlled conditions of agricultural and horticultural crops,
including floriculture and cultivation of vegetables and post-harvest
operation on all fruits and vegetables. The development of agro-industries
has assumed crucial importance in the economic planning and progress of
the country. Agro-based industries are the industries that are purely
dependent on agriculture for their inputs. There are a lot of industries in
India that are entirely dependent on Agriculture for their production and
we are going to discuss the details of such industries further in this project.
Importance of Agro-based industries in India
All branches of agro-based industry are important because:
(i) help in increasing industrial production.
(ii) provide employment to landless agricultural labor and tribal
population from rural and backward areas.
(iii) ensure the development and stability of rural economy through
diversification and reduced dependence on agriculture.
(iv) ensure the alleviation of poverty by providing steady sources of
income and livelihood.
(v) earn much required foreign exchange for the country.
(vi) improve the standard of living in rural areas.
(vii) help in reducing the extreme inequalities in the distribution of
income and wealth.
(viii) are easy to establish.
(ix) support balanced growth between agriculture and industry, and
(x) help in avoiding wastage of perishable agricultural products.
Scenario and Scope of Agro-based industries in India
The scope of agro-based industries in India is pretty high because of the
fact that the country is predominantly dependent on agriculture.
According to the statistical data for the year 2020, the agriculture sector
about 18% to
approximately 42% of the Indian population is employed in the
agricultural sector alone. The share of the population employed in the
agriculture sector has been declining year after year because of various
reasons. However, it still remains the largest sector employing the
majority of the population.
Agro-based industry is regarded as the sunrise sector of the Indian
economy because of its huge potential for growth, likely socio economic
impact, specifically on employment and income generation and for the
ability to generally keep itself recession proof. Also, approximately 70%
of the population is dependent on agriculture and agro-based industries.
According to the economic survey 2014-15, conducted by the Central
Statistical Office, agro-based industries consistently grew in India during
the period 2009-10 to 2013-14. Some estimates also suggest that in
developed economies, approximately 14% of the total workforce engages
in the agro-processing sector directly or indirectly, whereas in India, only
about 3% of the workforce finds employment in this sector. The data
highlighted above reveals the underdeveloped state and the vast potential
of growth in this sector.
Agro-based Industries in Maharashtra
Maharashtra is one of the most industrialized states of India, it occupies
the western and central parts of the country and extends over the Sahyadri
mountains; a vast stretch of 720 kilometers of the Arabian sea coast
providing it a beautiful backdrop. The present state of Maharashtra was
formed on May 1, 1960 on uni-lingual principle. Maharashtra state is
made up of 35 districts, which are grouped into six divisions namely:
Amravati Division: Akola, Amravati, Buldhana, Washim and Yavatmal
Aurangabad Division (Marathwada): Aurangabad, Beed, Hingoli, Jalna,
Latur, Nanded, Osmanabad and Parbhani,
Konkan Division: Mumbai City, Mumbai Suburban, Raigad, Ratnagiri,
Sindhudurg and Thane
Nashik Division: Ahmednagar, Dhule, Jalgaon, Nandurbar and Nashik
Nagpur Division: Bhandara, Chandrapur, Gadchiroli, Gondiya, Nagpur
and Wardha,
Pune Division: Kolhapur, Pune, Sangli, Satara and Solapur
The languages spoken in the state of Maharashtra are Marathi, Hindi and
English. Geographically there are three major regions in the state of
Maharashtra. First is the Sahyadri range, a series of crowning plateau. The
second major region, Konkan, a narrow coastal low land lying between
the Arabian Sea and sahyadri range. The third major region is the Satpura
hills along the northern border.
Three important agro-based industries in Maharashtra are:
1. Sugar industry
2. Cotton textiles
3. Silk industry
1. Sugar industry in Maharashtra
The sugar industry is responsible for the supply of sugar, which is
considered as an integral part of the human diet. India fell back to second
place in sugar production during 2019-20, narrowly losing the top spot to
Brazil. India produced 28.9 million metric tonnes of sugar, which is
roughly 17% of the world’s total sugar production of 166.18 million
metric tonnes. Today, the sugar industry’s annual output is worth
approximately INR 80,000 crores. Sugar production is expected to rise by
17% in 2020-21 and the domestic consumption is forecast to hit a new
record of 28.5 million tonnes. The leading sugar manufacturing
companies in India and the world include Eid Parry (India) Ltd, Shree
Renuka Sugars Ltd, Balrampur Chini Mills Ltd, Triveni Engineering and
Industries Ltd and Dhampur Sugar Mills Ltd among others.
About Maharashtra Sugar Industry
Sugar Industry in India is well maintained and is growing at a steady pace,
boasting of a consumer base of over billions of people. India is the second
largest producer of sugar over the globe. With more than 45 millions of
sugar cane growers in the country, the bulk of the rural population in India
depends on this industry.
One of the agro-based industries in India, the sugar industry is the
second largest agricultural industry followed after the textile industry.
Maharashtra Sugar Industry is one of the most notable and large-scale
sugar manufacturing sectors in the country. The pace of growth of sugar
manufacturing has been massive over the past few years. The latest
statistics of sugar production in Maharashtra indicates that this state this
doing better than the other states in the country.
The Sugar industry in Maharashtra is highly popular in the cooperative
sector, as farmers own a portion in the sugar factories. The Maharashtra
Sugar Industry has seen a spectacular growth owing to the different
conducive in the state. One of the chief crops manufactured in
Maharashtra is sugarcane, with a host of sugar industries been set up
over the years. .
Some of the towns of Maharashtra which have sugar factories
Most popular sugar factories in Maharashtra
Adivasi S.S.K. Navapur Nandurbar Vibhag Ltd (Tal.
Navapura, Dist. Nandurbar)
Bahganga Sahkari Sakhar Karkhana Ltd. (Bhum, Dist.Usmanabad)
Chhatrapati Sambhaji Raje Sakhar Udyog Ltd.
(Sambhajinagar (Aurangabad))
Dongarai Sagreshwar Shetkari SSK Ltd (Kadepur (Raigaon))
Gurudatta Sugars Limited (Takliwadi, Tal. Shirol, Dist.
Jai Mahesh Sugar Industries Ltd. (Pawarwadi, Tal. Majalgaon,
Dist. Beed)
Khandoba Prasanna Sakhar Karkhana Ltd. (Tal. Karad, Dist
Mahadik Sugar And Agro Product (Radhanagri, Dist.
Nira Bhima S.S.K. Ltd. (Tal:Indapur Dist.:Pune)
Priyadarshini Shetkari SSK Ltd (Shivaji Chowk, Udgir, Dist.
Saibaba SSK Ltd (Tal.Jintur, Dist.Parbhani, At Mankeshwar,
Teh.Jintur, Dist.Parbhani)
Sarvodaya S.S.K. Ltd (Karandwadi, Tal. Walwa, Dist. Sangli)
Shree Ambadevi SSK Ltd (Nityanandnagar, Dahigaon
(Recha) Road, Tal. Anjangaon, Dist. Amaravati)
Sidhapana S.S.K. Ltd (Patoda Dist. Beed)
Yogeshwari Sugar Industries limited (Limba, Tq. Pathri Dist.
The cooperative sugar industry in Maharashtra has seen the
growth trajectory at its heights with future trading being
implemented in sugar manufacturing. Till now, the concept of
futures trading has not been made clear to the rural mass of the
Maharashtra sugar industry. But the state is hopeful of rendering a
helping hand to those who need special guidance on it.
The Maharashtra sugar industry has been contributing nearly 40%
of India's total sugar production. In 2001-02, sugar industry in
Maharashtra produced an approximate 50-67 lakh tons of sugar, the
per ton price touching Rs 600. With innovative technologies being
implemented in the Maharashtra sugar industry, the potential can
be fully realized.
2. Cotton textiles industry in Maharashtra
The textile industry is concerned with the design, production, distribution
or marketing of yarn, fabrics, or ready made clothing. It consists of units
manufacturing cotton textiles, woollen textiles, silk textiles, synthetic
fibers and jute textiles. The industry plays an important role in India’s
economy because it is the biggest employer in the country after
agriculture. Also, it provides direct and indirect employment to around
10.5 crore people. India is also the second-largest manufacturer and
exporter of textiles and clothing in the world, with a share of 5% of the
total global trade. It contributed 12% to India’s total exports in 2018-19.
The US and the European Union are the two largest markets for Indian
textile exporters, followed by various Asian countries and the Middle
East. The largest textile companies in India include Arvind Ltd,
Vardhman Textiles Ltd, Welspun India Ltd, Raymond Ltd and Trident
Ltd among others.
Maharashtra excels all other states in the development of cotton textile
industry. It produces 39.38 per cent mill cloth and 10.79 per cent yarn of
India. About three lakh workers are engaged in this industry in
Maharashtra. Mumbai is the largest centre in India having 63 mills out
of Maharashtra's total of 122 mills. Mumbai is rightly called the
Cottonopolis of India. The first cotton mill was established in Mumbai
in 1851.
Following are the main reasons of phenomenal growth of cotton textile
industry in and around Mumbai:
(i) Mumbai enjoys humid climate which is helpful for this industry
because thread does not break so frequently.
(ii) Mumbai is a very important port which helps in import of machinery
and long staple cotton and export of cloth.
(iii) Cheap hydro-electricity is readily available from the nearby areas.
(iv) The black-cotton soil in the hinterland of Mumbai provides cotton as
the basic raw material.
(v) Cheap labour can be drawn from the surrounding areas.
vi) There is ready market for Mumbai products both in India and abroad.
(vii) Mumbai is well-connected by a network of roads and railways
which help in easy transportation of raw material and finished goods.
(viii) Facilities for washing and dyeing also exist here.
(ix) There is no dearth of capital inputs.
(x) Mumbai has the advantage of an early start.
Apart from Mumbai, Solapur, Pune, Kolhapur, Satara, Wardha, Nagpur,
Aurangabad, Amravati, Akola, Sangli, Chaligaon, Miraz, Mander,
Jalgaon, etc. are other centres of cotton textile industry in Maharashtra.
3. Silk industry in Maharshtra
Sericulture is one of the oldest industries in India and Asia. Sericulture is
an agro-cottage, forest based industry, labor intensive and commercially
attractive economic activity falling under the cottage and small-scale
sector. The silk is the final product of this industry. It particularly suits to
rural population working with agriculture, entrepreneurs and artisans as it
requires low investment with potential for relatively higher returns. It
provides income and employment to the rural poor especially, farmers
with small land-holding and marginalized and weaker sections of the
society. Maharashtra is a nontraditional sericulture state producing
Mulberry and Tasar silk. The specialty of the state is that, it undertakes
98% of bivoltine sericulture and stood first among nontraditional states
and one of the potential States in India for silk production.
The sericulture industry is a labour intensive and has very good potential
to provide employment to the rural mass at their local level. It is an
ecofriendly activity which provides an opportunity to rural mass to uplift
their socio economic status. Sericulture is an ideal programme for weaker
section of the society because low gestation, higher returns. Acres of
mulberry garden and silkworm rearing can avoid maximum laborers and
save wages in the sericulture sector of the state [2]. Tasar silkworm
process can offer supplementary gainful employment for tribals compare
to other sericulture activities. India is the second largest producer of raw
silk after China and the biggest consumer of raw silk and silk fabrics and
has the unique distinction of producing all the four varieties of silk viz.,
Mulberry, Tasar, Eri and Muga. In India this industry has very good
strength and opportunities with very little weakness, [4] which has
enlisted as follows. Strength 1. Low investment, short gestation period
and higher returns. 2. Large agricultural land and labour base, availability
of skills, suitable agro climatic conditions and modern technologies. 3.
Established infrastructure, availability of silkworm breeds / hybrids. 4.
Availability of improved high yielding mulberry varieties. 5. Easily
adoptable technologies and strong domestic demand-pull. 6. Carbon
emitting is minimal as the industry is agro-based and labour intensive.
Sericulture in Maharashtra State:
Sericulture industry is very age old in Maharashtra state. The Sātavāhana
Empire was a Indian dynasty based from Dharanikota and Amaravati in
Andhra Pradesh as well as Junnar (Pune) and Pratisthan (Paithan) in
Maharashtra. The territory of the empire covered much of India from 230
B.C onward. The Satavahanas influenced South-East Asia to a great
extent, spreading Hindu culture, language and religion into that part of the
world. Paithan the ancient city of Pratisthan is beautifully situated on the
left bank of the river Godavari. Since the second millennium B.C. the
dawn of the Goda Valley Civilization it has played a vital role in shaping
the culture of the region and has been a sacred place for the Hindus, the
Buddhists and the Jains. From ancient times Paithan was important
emporium of trade and commerce with links connecting it to marts in
India and in Europe. Paithan gained the epithet as “Supratisthana “ not
only for its political importance as the capital city during the long rule of
the Satavahanas and of great consequence till the Yadavas, but also for its
affluence and of highly advanced civilization. Its importance has also
been vouchsafed in the writings of the foreign travelers and geographers.
As a great commercial centre, it was very well linked with the other
important towns of ancient India and the western world. Its exports had
earned great reputation in the western markets and had achieved
international renown. Its quality silk textiles such as the Paithani had no
parallel in the contemporary world. Himroo is a fabric made of Silk and
cotton, which is grown locally in Aurangabad. Himroo was brought to
Aurangabad in the reign of Mohammad Tughlaq, when he had shifted his
capital from Delhi to Daulatabad, Aurangabad in Maharashtra state. In
early period i.e. from 1959, the industry was looked after by Khadi and
Village Industries Board but from September 1997 a separate Sericulture
Department has come in existence under Textile Ministry in the state. In
Maharashtra state Mulberry sericulture is practiced in 24 districts and
Tasar in six districts. It stood first among nontraditional silk producing
states, produces 98% of Bivoltine silk and rank fifth in overall silk
producing states in India. Maharashtra is a non-traditional mulberry silk
producing state in the country occupying 1st position amongst nontraditional state. Mulberry sericulture is practiced in 24 districts of
Vidharbha, Marathwada and Western Maharashtra by 5397 families
having 6932.50 acre plantation by March, 2015. The main districts are
Pune, Solapur, Satara, Sangli, Ahamadnagar, Aurangabad, Osmanabad,
Beed, Buldhana, Jalna, Nanded, Latur, Akola, Nagpur Wardha. Besides
mulberry it is a minor but traditional tasar producing state, 2757 families
mainly belong to Dheewar community practice Tasar sericulture. The
Tasar silk development program is carried out in 4 districts of Vidharbha
region i:e Gadchiroli, Bhandara, Chandrapur and Gondia and also in
Thane and Yavatmal districts of state but it is on pilot basis.
The Maharashtra state is having a very good potential for sericulture and
to undertake the production of quality bivoltine silk. In future the state
will become 100% Bivoltine silkworm rearing in Mulberry sector. It
is a serious need to establish the best trainings and research centers in
the state to provide the best technologies suitable to the local mass and
also to inculcate modern technologies in sericulture among the
sericulturists and extension staff by upgrading their skills. As the state is
nontraditional in silk production activities, it is essential to extend
incentives on different activities as provided by traditionally silk
producing states. The sericulture activity remained as a boon to the
farmers in such adverse climatic conditions and to overcome the draught
situations in Maharashtra. The farmers are very happy with this activity
by earning good returns and are satisfied with sericulture. Thus future of
the modern silk industry in Maharashtra is very bright and the state will
take a big leap in coming years and will be at par with traditional silk
producing states.
Mineral based Manufacturing industries in Maharashtra
Iron and steel is a mineral-based industry. Mineral-based industries are
primary industries that use mineral ores as their raw materials. The
products of these industries feed other industries. Iron and steel are used
as raw materials for the manufacture of a number of other products, such
as heavy machinery, building materials and railway coaches. Is Iron and
Steel an industry?
Iron & steel is a basic industry and forms the backbone of industrial
development in any country. It provides raw material for making
industrial machinery, electrical machinery, defence equipment, railway
tracks, dams, houses and a host of other industrial and consumer goods.
Iron and steel industry is called basic industry because It provides raw
material to many other industries such as machine tools, transport
equipment, construction material etc. It is also called heavy industry
because raw materials [iron ore, coal, limestone] are bulky in nature.
The iron and steel industries are among the most important industries in
India. During 2014 through 2016, India was the third largest producer of
raw steel. In 2019, India became the 2nd largest steel producer in the
world after China and the largest producer of sponge iron in the world.
The industry produced 82.68 million tons of total finished steel and 9.7
million tons of raw iron. Most iron and steel in India is produced from
iron ore. Most of the public sector undertakings market their steel
through the Steel Authority of India (SAIL). The Indian steel industry
was delicensed and de-controlled in 1991 and 1992 respectively.
Location of industries
• Location of industries is influenced by several factors like access to
raw materials, power, market, capital, transport and labour, etc.
• Relative significance of these factors varies with time and place. There
is strong relationship between raw material and type of industry.
• Industries using weight-losing raw materials are located in the regions
where raw materials are located.
• The sugar mills in India are located in sugarcane growing areas.
• Similarly, the locations of pulp industry, copper smelting and pig iron
industries are located near their raw materials.
• In iron and steel industries, iron ore and coal both are weight-losing
raw materials. Therefore, an optimum location for iron and steel
industries should be near raw material sources.
• This is why most of the iron and steel industries are located either near
coalfields (Bokaro, Durgapur, etc.) or near sources of iron ore
(Bhadravati, Bhilai, and Rourkela).
• Similarly, industries based on perishable raw materials are also located
close to raw material sources. • Power provides the motive force for
machines, and therefore, its supply has to be ensured before the location
of any industry.
• However, certain industries, like aluminium and synthetic nitrogen
manufacturing industries tend to be located near sources of power
because they are power intensive and require huge quantum of
• Markets provide the outlets for manufactured products. Heavy
machine, machine tools, heavy chemicals are located near the high
demand areas as these are market orientated.
• Cotton textile industry uses a non-weight-losing raw material and is
generally located in large urban centre, e.g. Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Surat,
• Petroleum refineries are also located near the markets as the transport
of crude oil is easier and several products derived from them are used as
raw material in other industries.
• Koyali, Mathura and Barauni refineries are typical examples. Ports also
play a crucial role in the location of oil refineries.
Some important iron & steel companies in Maharshtra are :
 JSW Steel Ltd. Mumbai / Maharashtra. ...
 Man Industries India Ltd. Mumbai / Maharashtra. ...
 JSW Ispat Special Products Ltd. Mumbai / Maharashtra. ...
 Mukand Ltd. Mumbai / Maharashtra. ...
 SKM Steels Ltd. Mumbai / Maharashtra. ...
 The Indian Hume Pipe Company Ltd. Mumbai / Maharashtra. ...
 Acerinox India Pvt Ltd. ...
 Amzone International Pvt Ltd.
• The Tata Iron and Steel plant lies very close to the Mumbai-Kolkata
railway line and about 240 km away from Kolkata, which is the nearest
port for the export of steel.
• The rivers Subamarekha and Kharkai provide water to the plant.
• The iron ore for the plant is obtained from Noamundi and Badam
Pahar and coal is brought from Joda mines in Odisha. Coking coal
comes from Jharia and west Bokaro coalfields.
• Before 1947, there was only one iron and steel plant in the country Tata Iron and Steel Company Limited (TISCO). It was privately owned.
After Independence, the government took the initiative and set up
several iron and steel plants.
• TISCO was started in 1907 at Sakchi, near the confluence of the rivers
Subamarekha and Kharkai in Jharkhand. • Later on Sakchi was renamed
as Jamshedpur. Geographically, Jamshedpur is the most conveniently
situated iron and steel centre in the country.
• Sakchi was chosen to set up the steel plant for several reasons. This
place was only 32 km away from Kalimati station on the Bengal-Nagpur
railway line. • It was close to the iron ore, coal and manganese deposits
as well as to Kolkata, which provided a large market.
• TISCO, gets coal from Jharia coalfields, and iron ore, limestone,
dolomite and manganese from Odisha and Chhattisgarh.
Information Technology and Electronics Industry in Maharshtra
The electronics industry covers a wide range of products from transistor
sets to television, telephones, cellular telecom, pagers, telephone
exchange, radars, computers and many other equipment's required by the
telecommunication industry. Bangalore has emerged as the electronic
capital of India. Other important centres for electronic goods are
Mumbai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Pune, Chennai, Kolkata, Lucknow and
Software technology parks provide single window service and high data
communication facility to software experts. A major impact of this
industry has been on employment generation.
Upto 31st March 2018, the IT industry employed nearly 3.8 million
persons. This number is expected to increase on an average at about one
lakh per annum in the next 3 to 4 years. It is encouraging to know that
30% of the people employed in this sector are women.
This industry has been a major foreign exchange earner in the last two or
three years because of its fast growing Business Processes Outsourcing
(BPO) sector. The continuing growth in the hardware and software
industries is the key to the success of IT industry In India.
The electronics industry is the economic sector that produces
electronic devices. It emerged in the 20th century and is today one of
the largest global industries. Contemporary society uses a vast array of
electronic devices built-in automated or semi-automated factories
operated by the industry.
Electronics industry is one of the fastest-growing industries in India,
driven by growth in key sectors such as IT, consumer electronics, and
telecom. The industry is expected to grow at a CAGR of 9.8 percent
from 2010 till 2015 (at more than twice the growth rate of the global
ESDM market) to reach USD 94.2 billion by 2015 and further to USD
400 billion by 2020. While demand increased across all sectors, high
technology products, specifically electronic products, registered
significant growth.
India has traditionally not been a manufacturing-oriented country. Our
progess in Technology is limited to IT services. States have also actively
taken measures to provide an impetus to the IT services domain. In the
meanwhile, the demand for electronics products has been on the rise.
Companies aren’t very keen to set up manufacturing facilities in India,
owing to the higher costs of production as compared to countries like
China and Taiwan.
Top 10 Electrical, Electronics Companies in Maharshtra
Cotmac Electronics Pvt. Ltd.
CTR Manufacturing Industries Ltd.
Cummins Generator Technologies India Pvt. Ltd.
Cummins India Ltd.
Electronica Mechatronic Systems India Pvt. Ltd.
Finolex Cables Ltd.
Finolex Industries Ltd.
Varroc Lighting Systems (India) Pvt. Ltd.
Petrochemical industry in Maharashtra
The petrochemical industry is an industry branch that produces
organic intermediate products such as refinery products, natural
gas, plastic, rubber, fiber raw materials.
Petrochemical products include such items as plastics, soaps and
detergents, solvents, drugs, fertilizers, pesticides, explosives,
synthetic fibers and rubbers, paints, epoxy resins, and flooring and
insulating materials.
Mumbai is famous for petrochemical industry in India. The petro
chemical units are also located in Auraiya in Uttar Pradesh, Jamnagar,
Gandhinagar and Hajira in Gujarat, Nagothane, Ratnagiri in
Maharashtra, Haldia in West Bengal and Vishakhapatnam in Andhra
Mumbai Petrochemicals Plant has earned a profitable place in the
petrochemical sector in the westernIndia. Some of the major players in
this industry have opened their petrochemical plants in Mumbai. Mumbai
is rich in infrastructural facilities due to its close proximity to the sea, the
easy availability of raw materials, and advanced communication systems,
all of these have accelerated the growth of petrochemical plants in
There are many research and development centers all over the state of
Maharashtra and also in Mumbai along with many other educational
institutions. Mumbai is an important port of Maharashtra and is
responsible for the handling of a busy traffic everyday. Moreover the
Mumbai-Pune Expressway has also improved the interconnection
between the two most important cities of the state. Mumbai is also a
significant financial hub of Maharashtra with many banking and other
financial institutions, which in fact supplies a steady source of financial
help to the petrochemical plants out there.
Of the majorIndian petrochemical companies, reliance industries, the
main company of the Reliance Group has a petrochemical plant in
Mumbai. This is very important as this petrochemical plant is the
leading polyester yarn and fiber producer in the world and also is one of
the major producers of other petrochemical products like paraxylene and
polypropylene. The corporate office of the reliance industries is in
Mumbai along with their one of the most important petrochemical plant
at Pataldanga near Mumbai. Regarding the Mumbai Petrochemicals
Plant of the reliance industries the total investment made in this
Patalganga plant is about US$ 660 million.
Another important Mumbai Petrochemicals Plant is set up under the
aegis of theIndian Petroleum Corporation Limited, a Reliance Group
company. This is located at Nagothane near Mumbai. This major
petrochemical company inIndia has made a huge investment for
upgrading and increasing the capacities of the Mumbai Petrochemicals
Plant ofIndian Petroleum Corporation Limited.
One of the largestIndian manufacturer of research based specialty
chemicals applicable for refineries and petrochemical plants, Dorf Ketal
has established their manufacturing unit in Taloja, a suburb of Mumbai.
The Mumbai Petrochemicals Plant of Dorf Ketal is responsible for the
production of chemicals like caustic tower anti-polymerant, Asphaltene
Disperant, and others.
1) http://www.mahasugarfed.org