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EnglishIIEOCTermstoKnow-1

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50 Terms That You Must Know For The English II Eoc
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1. Allusion- a reference to another work
2. Allegory - ‚Äč
a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to
reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one
3. Antagonist - the character who opposes the protagonist
4. Dichotomy - a division or contrast between two things; typically used
to make a point or enhance theme
5. Rhetoric - persuasive reading or writing
6. Paradox - a seemingly contradictory phrase that, upon closer
observation, actually makes sense
7. Parallelism - the use of consecutive construction that shows the
same structure in some way
8. Figurative Language - —language that is not intended to be taken
in the literal sense (metaphor, simile, hyperbole, idiom, personification—all these fall into the category of figurative
language)
Assonance - repetition of vowel sounds
Alliteration - repetition of consonant sounds
Mood - how a work makes YOU feel
Tone - the author’s attitude about a work
Situational irony - a contrast between what you expect to happen and what actually does happen
Verbal irony - a contrast between what is stated and what is actually meant, usually being sarcastic
Dramatic irony - when the reader or viewer knows something that a character in the story does not know
Author’s Claim - another way of saying “main idea” - it’s the topic + the author’s opinion about the topic
Metaphor - comparing two things without using “like” or “as”
Anecdote - a short story (usually funny or shocking) used to make a point
Foreshadowing - hints or clues in a story as to what will later happen
Theme - the message of a story, what we can learn or take away from it
Synopsis - a brief summary
Objective - Factual view point
Subjective - Opinion view point
Imagery - anything that appeals to the 5 senses
Subplot - the little story inside of the big story (main plot)
Justify - show or prove to be right or reasonable
Intention - an aim or plan
Rhetorical Question - figure of speech in the form of a question that is asked in order to make a point,
rather than to get an answer.
Structure - how a text is organized (Narrative (order of occurrence or order of telling),Chronological (time
sequence),Comparison and contrast,Cause and Effect,Inductive (specific to general),Deductive (general to specific)
30. Conflict - used to create tension, it’s the struggle(s) in a story, man vs. man, man vs. nature, man vs. self, etc.
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