Republic of the Philippines COMMISSION ON HIGHER EDUCATION Region V - Bicol LIBON COMMUNITY COLLEGE Libon, Albay NATIONAL SERVICE TRAINING PROGRAM 1 MODULE 7 (WEEK 7) (CIVIC WELFARE TRAINING SERVICE 1) (1ST SEMESTER – A/Y: 2021 – 2022) Webster C. Valenciano – NSTP Coordinator Nilda S. Secillano – Instructor Lydia Bautista - Instructor SERVICE LEADERSHIP PATRIOTISM NATIONALISM VOLUNTEERISM PROFESSIONALISM VALUES FORMATION COMMUNITY SERVICE LOVE FOR GOD, SELF AND ENVIRONMENT COMMISSION ON HIGHER EDUCATION LIBON COMMUNITY COLLEGE LIBON ALBAY NATIONAL SERVICE TRAINING PROGRAM 1 Course and Year: BEED 1, BSED 1, BTVTED 1, BECE 1, and BSAB 1 LEARNING OUTCOMES After going through this module, you are expected to: Define alcohol and alcoholism Distinguish the alcoholic beverages Enumerate the effects of alcohol Define smoking Discuss the major health consequences of smoking LECTURE/DISCUSSION: DEFINITION OF TERMS ALCOHOL a colorless volatile flammable liquid that is produced by the natural fermentation of sugars and is the intoxicating constituent of wine, beer, spirits, and other drinks, and is also used as an industrial solvent and as fuel. ALCOHOLIC a person suffering from alcoholism. ALCOHOLISM. an addiction to the consumption of alcoholic liquor or the mental illness and compulsive behavior resulting from alcohol dependency. It is also called as “Alcohol use disorder” AUD. WHY DO PEOPLE DRINK ALCOHOL? 1. Past experiences - Past experiences with alcohol help to shape people’s current value and the expectations that they place on drinking alcohol. 2. Stress - People going through a stressful period in their life may value drinking alcohol more highly, because it helps to alleviate their negative feelings 3. Social norm - Social norms are the behavioural expectations within a community. Alcohol is used at specific events and regular times. 4. Environment - Exposure to alcohol-related cues increases the craving for alcohol, for example TV programmes, advertisements at events etc. 5. Accessibility - This is a very simple reason. People drink because alcoholic drinks are quite accessible 6. As an Act of Rebellion - Some drink alcohol to be a rebel. They want to defy the rules and show that they are different from all the others. 7. Peer Pressure - Peer pressure is one of the most prominent reasons for drinking .Being afraid that you might be isolated or discarded from a group of people and doing an activity. 8. For Fun People generally tend to drink alcohol in order to have fun. Alcoholic beverages comprise a large group of beverages that contain varying amounts of alcohol (ethanol). Alcoholic beverages produced on an industrial scale include beer, wine, and distilled spirits THE FOLLOWING ARE THE TYPES OF ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES BEVERAGE Wines Beer Spirit DEFINITION the alcoholic usually fermented juice of a plant product (such as a fruit) used as a beverage Is an alcoholic beverage or drink made from yeast-fermented malt flavored with hops one of the oldest and most widely consumed alcoholic drinks in the world. Distilled spirit, alcoholic beverage (such as brandy, whisky, rum, or arrack) that is obtained by distillation from wine of other fermented fruit or plant . EXAMPLES Tuba (also called Coconut Red Wine) Lambanog (Coconut white wine or Coconut Vodka) Basi (Sugar Cane Wine) Bignay/Bugnay (Wild Berry Wine) Laksoy (Palm Liquor) Tapuy (Rice Wine) Tanduay Ice Beer Beer Na Beer Red Horse Beer San Mig Light Beer , San Miguel Pale Pilsen Colt 45 Beer, Gold Eagle Beer, Manila Beer Brandy, Gin, Rum, Tequila, Vodka, and Whiskey · Brandy · Gin · Rum · Tequila · Vodka · Whiskey. THE EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL SHORT TERM EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. In Feeling of wellbeing, talkative, relaxed and more confident Impaired judgement and movement and reduced inhibitions Slurred speech, impaired balance, unstable emotions Nausea and vomiting Unable to walk without help, sleepy difficulty breathing memory loss possible loss of consciousness the short term, drinking too much alcohol can also lead to: accidental injury (to yourself or others) being in a road accident deliberately harming yourself or others unprotected or unwanted sex alcohol poisoning hangovers Requirements for Community Needs Assessment Long-term effects 1. Mental health issues such as increased risk of suicide 2. Substance abuse — you may become dependent or addicted to alcohol, especially if you have depression or anxiety, or a family history of alcohol dependence. 3. Increased risk of diabetes and weight gain 4. impotence and other problems with sexual performance 5. cancers such as stomach cancer, bowel cancer, breast cancer, mouth cancer, throat cancer, esophageal cancer and liver cancer 6. fertility issues such as reduced sperm count and reduced testosterone levels in men 7. brain damage and brain-related conditions such as stroke and dementia 8. heart issues such as high blood pressure, heart damage and heart attacks 9. cirrhosis of the liver and liver failure 10. If you’re pregnant, or planning a pregnancy, you should not drink alcohol. If you are breastfeeding, not drinking alcohol is safest for your baby. Drinking any amount of alcohol can harm your fetus (unborn baby) or baby Requirements for Community Needs Assessment SMOKING DEFINITION OF TERMS SMOKING the act of inhaling and exhaling the fumes of burning plant material. A variety of plant materials are smoked, including marijuana and hashish, but the act is most commonly associated with tobacco as smoked in a cigarette, cigar, or pipe. CIGARETTE a thin cylinder of finely cut tobacco rolled in paper for smoking. It contains narcotic, herbs, or a medicated substance for smoking. CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF CIGARETTE CLASSIFICATIONS OF SMOKE CLASSIFICATIONS Mainstream Smoke Secondhand Smoke Sidestream Smoke Passive Smoke DEFINITIONS Is a smoke exhaled and inhaled by a smoker Combination of smoke from the burning end of a cigarette and smoke breathed out by a smoker. A smoke from the lighted end of a cigarette Inhalation of smoke, or environmental tobacco smoke. It occurs when tobacco smoke enters an environment causing its inhalation by people within that environment. \ MAJOR HEALTH CONSEQUENCES OF SMOKING DISEASE 1. Lung Cancer 2. COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) 3. Heart Disease 4. Stroke 5. Asthma 6. Reproductive Effects in Women 7. Premature, Low Birth-Weight Babies 8. Diabetes 9. Blindness, Cataracts and AgeRelated Macular Degeneration 10. Cancer DEFINITIONS More people die from lung cancer than any other type of cancer. Cigarette smoking is the number one risk factor for lung cancer; it's responsible for 87% of lung cancer deaths. COPD is an obstructive lung disease that makes it hard to breathe. It causes serious long-term disability and early death. Smoking can cause blockages and narrowing in your arteries, which means less blood and oxygen flow to your heart. A stroke happens when the blood supply to your brain is temporarily blocked. Brain cells are deprived of oxygen and start to die. A stroke can cause paralysis, slurred speech, altered brain function and death. Asthma is a chronic lung disease that makes it harder to move air in and out of your lungs—otherwise known as "breathing." Because cigarette smoke irritates air passages, it can trigger sudden and severe asthma attacks Smoking can cause ectopic pregnancy in women, which is when a fertilized egg implants somewhere other than the uterus. It also causes reduced fertility, meaning it makes it more difficult to get pregnant. The effects of smoking not only impact mom's health, but also that of her baby. Smoking while pregnant can cause babies to be born prematurely and/or with a low birth-weight You're more likely to get type 2 diabetes if you smoke. The risk of developing type 2 diabetes is 30 to 40% higher for smokers than non-smokers Smoking can make you go blind. It damages your eyes and can result in vision loss. Types of Cancer, Including Colon, Cervix, Liver, Stomach and Pancreatic Cancer. Basically, all the cancers. For both cancer patients and survivors, those who smoke are more likely to develop a second primary cancer.