Uploaded by MJ Irizarri


Pass the OT
1. Mosey's Groups: 2 Types
o 1. Developmental
o 2. Activity
2. 5 Types of Developmental Groups
o 1. Parallel
o 2. Project
o 3. Egocentric-Cooperative
o 4. Cooperative
o 5. Mature
3. 6 Types of Activity Groups
o 1. Evaluation
o 2. Task Oriented
o 3. Developmental
o 4. Thematic
o 5. Topical
o 6. Instrumental
4. Parallel Group
o A group composed of patients who have the ability to trust others
enough to tolerate being with
o more than one person at a time.
5. Parallel Group: OT Role
Provides boundaries
o Explains purpose
o Explains expectations for behavior
o Provides feedback on performance
6. Parallel Group: Goal
o To have each patient work on his own chosen task while
o sharing space with other patients
7. Project Group
A group experience in which the patients are expected to come together to
interact with each other in casual conversation and in order to complete a
short term task (about ½ hour work period).
8. Project Group: OT Role
Leader- plans and presents the short term task
o available during the work period to support, assist, and guide patients
as needed.
9. Project Group: Goal
o provide patients with the opportunity for trial and error
o learning for group interaction around a task, and for a balance of
cooperative and competitive experiences.
10.Egocentric-Cooperative Group
Patients come together to work on a task that is completed in 1 or 2 work
sessions (1 hr.)
11.Egocentric-Cooperative Group: OT Role
o Democratic Leader
o makes suggestions and allows patients to choose and carry out the
task and group plan
o Resource for facilitating task completion and a support that promotes
an atmosphere of acceptance and safety
12.Egocentric-Cooperative Group: Goals
o To have a task group in which the patients will learn to
o 1. identify group norms and goals
o 2. use their own knowledge and skills to respond in the group
o 3. experiement with different group roles
o 4. identify themselves as a group member with rights
o 5. respect the rights of other members' needs
o 6. gain satisfaction from participating in the group experience
13.Egocentric-Cooperative Group: Examples
o assertiveness
o communication skills
o stress management
14.Cooperative Group
o Cohesive group in which patients come together to express and share
their needs, thoughts, and feelings, and in which they listen to each
o The task is used to promote sharing and listening, and does not seek to
produce an end product
o Behavior change is not the focus
15.Cooperative Group: OT Role
o Advisor
o Helps for the group
Initiates the task experience
o Becomes a participant who freely shares her thoughts and feelings
16.Cooperative Group: Goals
o Provide an experience for the patient that helps them to share:
o thoughts
o feelings
o values
o common interests
o Gain pleasure and satisfaction from the shared experience
17.Cooperative Group: Examples
o Art, poetry, music, and other creative experiences that facilitate
discussion of thoughts and feelings
o Value clarification groups
18.Mature Group
o Patients independently select, plan, and complete a group task which
is time limited and produces a specific end product
o Function of the group and group needs have priority over individual
o The task experience is processed in order to help patients learn the
social-emotional and task roles of the group
o During the task each patient will identify the social-emotional and
task roles that they assume
19.Mature Group: OT Role
Group member, not the identified leader
20.Mature Group: Goals
Provide an activity that will allow the individual patient to put aside his
needs for the betterement of the group and to help the group accomplish it's
21.Mature Group: Examples
o Community transition group
o Group in the community
22.Evaluation Group
o The OT uses a short term activity to observe the patient's interpersonal
skills and response to the activity.
o Specific areas of function which are evaluated are determined by the
frame of reference that is applied.
Intervention is not planned during this evaluation experience.
23.Task Oriented Group
o Has a tangible outcome (end product or service)
o Patient learns from interactions with others and the activity increases
awareness and understanding of himself and other patients
24.Task Oriented Group: What does the patient learn?
learns interpersonal skills, practices new behaviors, and explores the
interaction of thoughts, feelings,and behaviors that occur
25.Task Oriented Group: OT Role
Helps the patient process the activity experience and actively seeks to
change the patient's behavior through the group interaction that occurs
26.Developmental Group
o The patient learns group interaction skills through sequential, stage
specific activities
o Activities are graded simple to complex and short term to long term in
order to provide progressive challenges
27.Developmental Group: what do progressive challenges require?
o collaborative effort
o ability to complete
o increased independence in problem solving and task completion
28.Thematic Group
o Uses purposeful activities to help the patients gain knowledge, skills,
and attitudes necessary for function in a protective environment
o Patient learns ADLs, work, and leisure skills through didactic,
directive, and supportive experiences
29.Topical Groups
o Patient learns to independently use in the community the knowledge,
skills, and attitudes gained in a protective environment
o 2 types- anticipatory & concurrent
30.Topical Groups: Anticipatory
Patients focus on the future and the performance expectations needed in their
future environment
31.Topical Groups: Concurrent
Patients focus on the knowledge, skills, and attitudes needed to function in
the present roles that the patient has in the community
32.Topical Groups: OT Role
o Prescribe activities and facilitate discussion of role expectations
o Identify the knowledge and skills needed to identify problems
o Promote brainstorming and skill practice for solving problems
33.Instrumental Groups
o OT uses activities to:
o maintain the patient's present level of function
o promote an optimum level of health