# TransformingFunctionsInvestigationMYPcriteriaBC-1

```TASK
Transforming Functions
Question 1 (criteria B)
In this question
𝑓(𝑥) = 𝑥 2 + 6𝑥 + 2
a) Show that the turning point of 𝑓(𝑥) is (-3, -7) by completing the square.
b) Copy and complete the table below.
Function notation
Expanded (and simplified) function
f(𝑥)
=𝑥
2
+ 6𝑥 + 2
Turning point
(-3, -7)
f(𝑥) + 1
f(𝑥) - 6
f(𝑥) + 5
c) Describe a pattern between the function notation f(𝑥) + a and how the turning point
changes from the original f(𝑥).
d) Predict what the turning point would be for f(𝑥) + 13
Question 2 (criteria B)
In this question
𝑓(𝑥) = 𝑥 2 − 5𝑥 − 6
a) Sketch the graph showing any key points (intercepts with axis and the turning point).
b) Select your own value(s) of a and sketch the graph 𝑓(𝑥 + 𝑎).
c) Identify the relationship between the value of a and the x-intercepts of the graph for
𝑓(𝑥 + 𝑎) compared to the x-intercepts for 𝑓(𝑥).
d) Write down a general rule for how the graph 𝑓(𝑥 + 𝑎) is transformed (moved) from
𝑓(𝑥).
Question 3 (assessing criteria B and C)
In this question, you need to investigate the impact of changing 𝑓(𝑥) has on the graph of
Given 𝑓(𝑥) is a quadratic in the form 𝑓(𝑥) = 𝑎 𝑥 2 + 𝑏𝑥 + 𝑐, investigate what happens to the
shape of the parabola for:
● 𝑓(𝑛𝑥)
● -𝑓(𝑥)
● Show clearly how you chose to investigate the shape of the parabola.
● Write down your general rule for each investigation.
● Verify and justify, or prove, each rule.
Criterion B: Investigation
7-8
5-6
The student is able to:
i. select and apply appropriate mathematical
problem solving techniques to discover complex
patterns
ii. describe these patterns as general rules
consistent with correct findings
iii. prove, or verify and justify, these general
rules
i) Correct approach selected to investigate both of
the transformations in Q3. This method is carried
out correctly.
The student is able to:
i. select and apply appropriate mathematical
problem solving techniques to discover complex
patterns
ii. describe these patterns as general rules
consistent with findings
iii. verify the validity of these general rules
i) Correct approach selected to investigate the
transformations in Q3. This method is carried out
correctly.
ii) Correct findings from investigations are
summarised as a correct general rule.
iii) Rule is checked with an additional example and
an explanation for why the graph changes in a
certain way is provided OR an algebraic proof
clearly shows how f(nx) or -f(x) transforms a graph.
ii) Findings from investigations are summarised as
a general rule.
iii) Rule is checked with an additional example.
3-4
1-2
0
The student is able to:
i. apply mathematical problem solving
techniques to discover patterns
ii. suggest general rules consistent with
findings
i) f(x) and at least one f(x + a) drawn with a change
in x-intercepts noted for question 2.
The student is able to:
i. apply, with teacher support, mathematical
problem solving techniques to discover patterns
ii. state predictions consistent with patterns
i) Identify a pattern between a and the change in
turning point in part 1c)
The student does not reach a standard
described by any of the descriptors above.
ii) A general rule for how ‘a’ affects the graph f(x) is
given for question 2.
ii) Correctly predict what the turning point will be in
part 1d)
Criterion C: Communication
7-8
5-6
i. consistently use appropriate mathematical language
ii. use appropriate forms of mathematical representation to
consistently present information correctly
iii. move effectively between different forms of mathematical
representation
iv. communicate through lines of reasoning that are complete,
coherent and concise
v. present work that is consistently organized using a logical
structure.
i. usually use appropriate mathematical language
ii. usually use appropriate forms of mathematical representation
to present
information correctly
iii. usually move between different forms of mathematical
representation
iv. communicate through lines of reasoning that are complete
and coherent
v. present work that is usually organized using a logical structure.
3-4
i. use some appropriate mathematical language
ii. use appropriate forms of mathematical representation to
present
iii. communicate through lines of reasoning that are complete
iv. adequately organize information using a logical structure.
1-2
i. use limited mathematical language
ii. use limited forms of mathematical representation to present
information
iii. communicate through lines of reasoning that are difficult to
interpret.
0
The student does not reach a standard described by any of the
descriptors above.
(in question 3 only)
i) f(𝑥) notation used
correctly
Key points of the graph are
described using appropriate
mathematical language.
ii) and iii) words,
calculations, graphs, tables,
diagrams are used correctly
and appropriately - the most
effective form of
communication is selected
at each point.
iv) The journey to any rules
are clearly shown and
explained. No conclusions
are written in isolation.
Steps and working out are
included.
v) Question 3 is easy to
There is a clear plan,
investigation and
conclusion.
Question 1 (criteria B)
In this question
𝑓(𝑥) = 𝑥 2 + 6𝑥 + 2
a) Show that the turning point of 𝑓(𝑥) is (-3, -7) by completing the square.
b) Copy and complete the table below.
Function notation
Expanded (and simplified) function
f(𝑥)
=𝑥
f(𝑥) + 1
𝒙
𝟐
+ 𝟔𝒙 + 𝟑
(-3, -6)
f(𝑥) - 6
𝒙
𝟐
+ 𝟔𝒙 − 𝟒
(-3, -13)
f(𝑥) + 5
𝒙
𝟐
+ 𝟔𝒙 + 𝟕
(-3, -2)
2
+ 6𝑥 + 2
Turning point
(-3, -7)
c) Describe a pattern between the function notation f(𝑥) + a and how the turning point
changes from the original f(𝑥).
The x-coordinate stays the same, the y-coordinate is -7 + a
d) Predict what the turning point would be for f(𝑥) + 13
(-3, 6)
Question 2 (criteria B)
In this question
𝑓(𝑥) = 𝑥 2 − 5𝑥 − 6
a) Sketch the graph showing any key points
(intercepts with axis and the turning point).
b) Select your own value(s) of a and sketch the graph 𝑓(𝑥 + 𝑎).
c) Identify the relationship between the value of a and the x-intercepts of the graph for
𝑓(𝑥 + 𝑎) compared to the x-intercepts for 𝑓(𝑥). x-intercepts are (-1 - a) and (6 - a)
d) Write down a general rule for how the graph 𝑓(𝑥 + 𝑎) is transformed from 𝑓(𝑥).
If a is positive, the graph will move left. If a is negative, the graph will move right.
𝒇(𝒙 + 𝒂) is transformed from 𝒇(𝒙) ‘a’ places to the left.
Question 3 (assessing criteria B and C)
In this question, you need to investigate the impact of changing 𝑓(𝑥) has on the graph of
Given 𝑓(𝑥) is a quadratic in the form 𝑓(𝑥) = 𝑎 𝑥 2 + 𝑏𝑥 + 𝑐, investigate what happens to the
shape of the parabola for:
● 𝑓(𝑛𝑥)
● -𝑓(𝑥)
● Show clearly how you chose to investigate the shape of the parabola.
● Write down your general rule for each investigation.
● Verify and justify, or prove, each rule.
●
For 𝑓(𝑛𝑥)
●
Selected a quadratic function to be 𝑓(𝑥).
●
Either sketched the graph or had ‘key values’ in a table.
●
Investigated at least one 𝑓(𝑛𝑥) with an ‘n’ of their choice - sketched or table of
values.
●
Prediction, pattern or rule linking to x-coordinates going from (x, y) to (x/n, y) in xintercepts and turning point.
●
Other patterns - y-intercept stays the same.
●
General rule - the graph contracts horizontally by scale factor n (shrinks if n&gt;1,
stretched if 0&lt;n&lt;1).
●
Verify with another value of n
●
Example of justification: factorised form which was (x - a)(x - b) becomes (nx-a)(nx-b)
so x-intercepts go from a, b to a/n and b/n
●
Example of proof. Substituting into the quadratic formula (a becomes an2, b becomes
●
For −𝑓(𝑥)
●
Selected a quadratic function to be 𝑓(𝑥).
●
Either sketched the graph or had ‘key values’ in a table.
●
Investigated -𝑓(𝑥) - sketched or table of values.
●
Prediction, pattern or rule linking to x-coordinates going from (x, y) to (x,-y) in xintercepts and turning point.
●
Other patterns - x-intercepts stay the same
●
General rule - the graph is reflected in the x-axis
●
Verify with another f(x) and -f(x)
●
Example of justification: -f(x) changes the sign of quadratic so would change U shape
to n shape
●
Example of proof: -(ax2+bx+c) - every x substituted would produce the same y as
before, then the negative would give the coordinate (x,-y)
```