# A03 CRYSTAL TUTORIAL S2021 ping pong (2)

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ENGR1600: Materials Science for Engineers
Interactive Activity 03
CRYSTAL STRUCTURE ACTIVITY AND QUESTIONS
Objective: To build an understanding of how atoms pack together in common crystal structures.
Note: There is no prelab procedure required for this Activity.
Materials:
Aluminum plate with holes (you might have to share plates)
4 pieces of 10 inch long wooden blocks
60 white ping pong balls.
8 orange ping pong balls
Smart Phone
Fcc, bcc, hcp models
Procedure:
Tip 1: build the crystal layer by layer, with the help of either wood blocks (parts A, C, D) or aluminum plate (part
B) to restrict the positions of the balls.
Tip 2: You will need pictures from all parts before your leave the classroom. Anything else you do not finish can be
A. Using four wooden blocks and ping pong balls, build a simple cubic extended lattice (several unit
cells). Do not use aluminum plate here.
Take a picture using a smart phone, then label three unit cell vectors on the picture. Insert
the picture into the picture table as part of the report.
Use the CDF app, show simple cubic crystal, with the unit cell drawn. Take a screenshot.
How many atoms are there per unit cell? ______
What is the coordination number of each atom? _________
Write an equation describing the relationship between a, the lattice parameter, and r, the
___________________
B. Using an aluminum plate only (no wooden blocks), create a 4x4 layer of white ping pong balls. Add a
3x3 layer, etc. until you have built a pyramid.
Can you identify the crystal structure?_______
Once you have identified the unit cell rebuild your structure using 8 orange balls to
clearly show the vertices (corners) of a single unit cell in your model. Take a picture
using a smart phone, then label three unit cell vectors on the picture. Label the closest
packed plane and a close packed direction on the picture. Insert the picture into the
picture table as part of the report.
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Use the CDF app, select the correct crystal, with the unit cell drawn. Use draw planes to
indicate the closest packed plane. Take a screenshot.
How many atoms are there per unit cell? ______
What is the coordination number of each atom? _________
Write an equation describing the relationship between a, the lattice parameter, and r, the
C. Using three wooden blocks and ping pong balls, build one close-packed layer at a time. Devise a
strategy to make a face centered cubic (fcc) crystal 4 layers high. Hint: build a triangle with 7 ping
pong balls per side for your bottom layer. This is a (111) plane of atoms
What is the stacking sequence that should be used? _______
Use 8 orange balls (as cube vertices) to identify the conventional unit cell of FCC.
Take a picture using a smart phone, then label three unit cell vectors (of the conventional
unit cell), Label the close-packed plane, a close packed direction on the picture. Insert the
picture into the picture table as part of the report. Tip: the picture needs to show the
correct stacking (be mindful of the viewing angle, and you may need to remove some
atoms selectively)
Use the CDF app, select FCC crystal, with the unit cell drawn. Use “draw planes” to
indicate the closest packed plane. Take a screenshot.
How many atoms are there per unit cell? ______
What is the coordination number of each atom? _________
Write an equation describing the relationship between a, the lattice parameter, and r, the
_____________________________
D. using the same bottom layer as in C, make an HCP crystal.
What is the stacking sequence that should be used? __________
Take a picture using a smart phone. Insert the picture into the table as part of the report.
Tip: the picture needs to show the correct stacking (be mindful of the viewing angle, and
you may need to remove some atoms selectively)
Use the CDF app, select HCP crystal. Take a screenshot.
IMPORTANT NOTES:
1) PLEASE PUT AWAY ALL OF YOUR PING PONG BALLS INTO THE STORAGE BOX
2) Turn in the answers to ALL questions and your photographs via LMS in a PDF file.
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questions. When you are ready to upload, save file as PDF and go to “TURN IN LAB REPORT” to left of LMS
page. (To check for due date, go to “TURN IN LAB REPORT” on left of LMS screen).
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PICTURE TEMPLATE (Be sure to follow instructions in labeling from above) Also, you can share the cell phone
picture, but each individual must label the image by themselves and grab a screenshot from the Mathematica activity
by themselves.
Mathematica CFD screenshot
D (HCP)
C (FCC)
B (___)
A (SC)
Ping Pong ball model
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