# physics_problems

Problem 7
A plank of mass M and length L leans against a wall at one end and
rests on a circular support at the other end. Assume that there is
L
friction between the plank and the wall also between the ladder and
the cylinder. Assume the plank is uniform so its center of mass is at
the center. Note that the plank must hit the cylinder tangentially so
!
the normal force from the cylinder is perpendicular to the plank and
the friction force due to the cylinder is along the plank. Assume that
the plank does not move.
a) Draw a clear diagram showing all the forces acting on the plank.
b) Choose and X and Y axis and write a set of force equations for
those two directions.
c) Write a torque equation using the left end of the plank as the axis.
d) Repeat part (c) but using the right edge of the plank as the axis.
Problem 8
A uniform bar of mass M and length L is attached to a wall by a
frictionless hinge (i.e. there are no torques exerted by the hinge).
The bar is released from rest in a horizontal position as shown.
L
The bar has moments of inertia about its center and about its end
M
2
2
of I cm = ML 12 and I end = ML 3 , respectively.
a) What is the angular acceleration of the bar at the instant that it
is released?
b) At the instant after the bar is released, find the magnitude and
direction of the force exerted on the bar by the hinge.
c) Use Work/Energy concepts to find the angular velocity of the bar when it has swung down to
a vertical position and is just about the hit the wall.
Problem 9
A small child runs and jumps onto a merry-go-round which has
a moment of inertia I0 about its axis of rotation. The child has
TOP
mass m and is initially moving with velocity v; she grabs onto a
VIEW
bar attached to the plate which is a distance R from the center
of the merry-go-round. The merry go round was initially not
R
rotating. Assume that the child is running tangential to the
merry-go-round before jumping on as shown.
m
v
a) What is the magnitude of the final angular velocity of the
R and I0.
b) What fraction of the initial kinetic energy of the running child remains in the final system
(i.e. what is KEF/KEI)? Give your answer in terms of I0, m, v, and R.
Problem 10
A gyroscope supported at one end is rotating as shown (the edge
UP
towards you is moving up, the top edge is moving away from you,
the edge away from you is moving down, and the bottom edge is
x
moving towards you). Assume that the support pivot can exert
forces on the gyroscope but cannot exert any torques. For the
i) In what direction does the angular velocity point?
Left
Right
Up
Down
Into the page
Out of the page
Other
iii) Now N exerts torque which can balance torque due to friction.
Problem 5
a)
b) Take torques around toes: M gL cos(θ) − F ( 43L ) cos(θ) = 0, F =
c)T + F = M g, T =
3
Mg
4
1
Mg .
4
Problem 6
a) 3M g + M g = 4M g.
b) Take torques about left end: 4M gD − LM g = 0, D = L4 .
Check torque around weight: 0 = D(3M g) − M g(L − D), D(4M g) = M gL, D =
Problem 7
a)
b)
�
c)
d)
�
Fx = N2 + N1 sin(θ) − f1 cos(θ) = 0
Fy = f2 − M g + N1 cos(θ) + f1 sin(θ) = 0
�
�
τ = M g( L2 cos(θ)) − N1 L = 0.
τ = N2 L sin(θ) + f2 L cos(θ) − M g L2 cos(θ) = 0.
Problem 8
a) τ = Iα, take torques about hinge.
2
(M g)( L2 )(sin(90◦ )) = ( ML
3 )(α) ⇒ α =
gL
2
L2
3
=
3g
2L ,
α=
2
3g
2L
L
4.
b)
F = M acm , acm = α( L2 ), downward.
All forces and acceleration are vertical ⇒ FH = 0 .
3g
)( L2 ) = −3Mg
FV − M g = −M a = −M α( L2 ) = −M ( 2L
4
Mg
Mg
3Mg
FV = M g − 4 ⇒ FV =
, FT OT =
, up .
4
4
c) Used ﬁxed pivot:
KEI = 0, P EI = M gL, KEF = 12 Iend ω 2 , P EF = M g( L2 ), Work = 0.
�
3g
3g
MgL
2
L
ML2 ω 2
1 ML2
2
or ω =
= 2 , ω =
.
2 ( 3 )ω + M g 2 = M gL,
6
L
L
Used center of mass:
2
+ 21 ICM ω 2 , vCM = ω( L2 )
KEI = 0, KEF = 21 M vCM
1
L 2 2
1 ML2
1
3
1
KEF = 2 M ( 2 ) ω + 2 ( 12 )ω 2 = M L2 ω 2 ( 81 + 24
) = M L2 ω 2 ( 24
+ 24
)
2 2 1
= M L ω ( 6 ) ⇒ Same answer.
Problem 9
a) L is conserved: mvR = (I0 + mR2 )ωf
mvR
ωf =
I0 + mR2
2 2
2
1 m v R
2
b) KEI = 12 mv 2 , KEF = 21 (I0 + mR2 )( I0mvR
+mR2 ) = 2 ( I0 +mR2 )
mR2
KEF
=
KEI
I0 + mR2
Problem 10
a) Left
b) Yes, gravity.
c) Out of the page; Counter-clockwise.
d) Yes, pivot force.
e) Out of the page; Counter-clockwise.
f ) Out of the page.
Problem 11
Take clockwise to be positive. Angular momentum is conserved: IωI − mvI d = Iωf + mvf d
0.30(ω) − 0.15(50)(0.8) = 0.3(0.35ω) + 0.15(40)(0.8)
0.20ω = 6 + 4.8 ⇒ ω = 54rad/s . Period = 0.12 sec.
3