Uploaded by Shaira Fernandez


Detailed Lesson Plan in English
Grade 9, Third Quarter
April 19, 2022
At the end of the lesson, 100% of the students with at least 85% level of proficiency
shall be able to:
a. recognize the use of gerunds and infinitives in the sentence,
b. construct sentence using gerunds and infinitives; and
c. collect ideas in constructing sentence with verbals such as infinitives and gerund
Learning Competency:
a. Use Verbals (EN9G-IIIe-21)
Subject Matter
a. Topic:
Types and used of verbals
b. Reference:
c. Material:
Laptop, PowerPoint and Printed materials
Teacher’s Activity
Student’s Activity
1. Greetings
Good morning, class. How are you
Good to hear that. Now, let us start We are good Ma’am.
our day with a prayer.
2. Prayer
(The teacher will ask one student
to lead the prayer)
3. Attendance
Before we start our lesson for
today let’s check your attendance
first. I will call your names one by
one and you’re just going to raise
your hand to state that you’re
present. Is my instruction clear?
(Student will lead the prayer)
(Student will raise their hands.)
Very good class, no one is absent
Before we start our lesson let us know first
our objectives so, please read our objectives
At the end of the lesson, 100% of
the students with at least 85%
level of proficiency shall be able
a. recognize the use of gerund,
infinitives and participle in the
b. construct sentence using gerund
and infinitives; and
c. collect ideas in constructing
sentence with verbals such as
infinitives, gerund and participle.
Before we go to our main lesson for today let
us have first define what is verbals?
What is verbals? Any idea?
Ma’am verbals is a word or words functioning
as a verb.
Verbals are form of a verb used as an
adjective, adverb and noun. Class there are 3
types of verbals:
Participles, gerunds and infinitives. Each of
them can be used by itself or part of a verbal
1. Infinitives
What is infinitive? Can somebody please read
what’s in the board?
An infinitive is a verbal consisting of the
word to plus a verb (in its simplest “stem”
form) and functioning as a noun, adjective, or
Thank you. Infinitive class is the base form of
the verb. An infinitive is a verbal consisting
of to + a verb, and it acts like a subject, direct
object, subject complement, adjective, or
adverb in a sentence. Infinitives are easy to
identify because they’re written with to + a
verb. And there are two types of infinitives
the “to” infinitives and the zero infinitives.
But today we are going to focus on the “to”
infinitives in which has 3 functions as noun,
adjective or a verb.
adverb. The term verbal indicates that an
infinitive, like the other two kinds of verbals,
is based on a verb and therefore expresses
action or a state of being.
Function of infinitives:
Infinitives as Nouns
Keep in mind that a noun can be a person,
place, or thing. When used as a subject or
direct object in a sentence, an infinitive
phrase acts as a noun. In such a case, the
subject assumes the role of a verb, whereas
the direct object is the receiver of the action
of a verb.
Can somebody please read the example?
Can you identify the infinitives in the
Very good. Here “like” is the verb.“to watch”
is the infinitive as it receives the action of the
verb (to be liked).“to watch” acts as a direct
object of the sentence. Here, the infinitive acts
as a noun that expresses a thought.
I like to watch the moon with Jay.
The infinitive Ma’am is “to watch”.
Let’s have another example:
Niki always wanted to dance at the party.
What is the infinitive here?
To dance Ma’am.
Wanted is the verb and to dance is the
Very good class.
Now let’s move on to the infinitives as
An adjective is a word that describes more
information about a noun. An infinitive act as
an adjective if it modifies or describes a noun
in a sentence.
Can somebody read the example and please
identify the infinitives use in the sentence?
Very good. Here “needs” is the verb, and
“table” is the subject (noun). “To read” is the
infinitive, and it acts as an adjective.
Jake needs a table to read on. And the
infinitive here “to read”, Ma’am.
Another example:
The best play to help you understand love is
titled Romeo and Juliet.
Identify the infinitive used.
Very good. In this example, the subject, or the
thing being discussed, is a play. We learn
more about the play, or it gets modified, by
It’s “to help”
the phrase “to help you understand romance.”
Now, we know it’s not just a play. It’s a play
that details romance.
Finally, we have our last one, the adverb. The
most popular definition of an adverb is a word
that modifies a verb. But they can also
provide further information about adjectives
and other adverbs. Let’s take a look at this
June walked to breathe in some fresh air.
What is the infinitive here?
Correct! Here, “to breathe in some fresh air”
is modifying the verb “walked.” It’s giving us
more information about why he took this
Ma’am “to breathe”
(Student will give an example)
Can somebody give an example?
Seems like you really understand the lesson
about infinitives now let’s move on to
(Student’s will give an example)
What’s a gerund?
Right away this is confusing right? As you are
used to seeing that form as the
continuous/progressive form of the verb (“she A gerund is the noun form of a verb that ends
in -ing. For example, playing, dancing, eating
is eating”, “they were dancing”). However, a
gerund is a noun, and is the subject or object
of the sentence.
Examples are “Cooking is my favorite hobby”
(subject), or “I hate studying” (object).
Whenever there are two verbs together, one
right after the other, the second verb must be
in either the gerund form or the infinitive
What I mean is, we can never say “They
wanted go” or “They like run.” The second
verb has to change, and the first verb dictates
what form the second verb will be. To make
these sentences correct, we have to say “They
wanted to go” or “They like running” or
“They like to run.” But why? And why can’t
we say, “they wanted going”?
The simplest answer is, because there are
certain rules we have to follow. So, let’s take
a look at some of the clear-cut rules when it
comes to gerunds and infinitives.
Rule #1: Some verbs must be followed by
Let’s start with the verb enjoy, because it’s
perhaps the one you are most familiar with.
We must say “He enjoys dancing at the
(Student’s will give an example)
Now your turn class give me an example. Use
the verb enjoy + the gerund.
Very good. Now for the second rule.
Rule #2: Some verbs must be followed by
Now we are going to use the verb need
because it may be the most common. Can
somebody read the sentence please?
She needed to sell her house.
Very good. we cannot say “She needed
selling her house.” Because that is incorrect.
To sell
Now, your turn give me an example. Using
the verb want
Very good.
Rule #3: Some verbs can be followed by
both gerunds and infinitives with no
change in meaning.
Now we are going to use the verb hate.
Using gerund “I hate washing dishes.”
I love watching Korean drama.
In infinitives “I hate to wash the dishes”
I love to watch Korean drama.
This is the easiest category, because it really
doesn’t matter, the meaning is exactly equal.
Now your turn to create a gerund and
infinitive sentence using this rule. You may
use the verb “love”
Stop + gerund
He stopped smoking.
Very good class. Now for the last rule.
Stop + infinitives
Rule #4: Some verbs can be followed by
both gerunds and infinitives but the
meaning changes.
He stopped to smoke.
Can somebody read the example please?
This means he smoked for a time but then he
This means that he took a break from
something else he was doing to have a
I’ll give another example so that you won’t
get confused.
Remember+ gerund
She remembers calling her friend
Remember + infinitives
She remembered to call her friend
She called her friend and she remembers that
she did
She had a list of things to do, calling her
friend was one of them, and she did it.
A participle is the present progressive tense (ing) or the past tense (-ed) of a verb used as
an adjective.
A special note class that gerund is used for
things that have already happened. And
infinitive is used for things that (could) still
Now let’s move on the third type of verbals.
What is participle?
Present progressive tense (-ing)
Example: The crying baby reached for his
Here, crying (a form of the verb to cry) is an
adjective describing the noun baby.
The past tense (-ed)
Frightened, the panicking boy jumped away
from the spider.
Frightened, the past participle of the verb to
frighten, describes the noun boy.
Panicking is the present participle form of the
verb, to panic. It modifies the noun boy.
Directions: In the following paragraph,
verbals are underlined. Above each of these
identify what kind of verbal it is—gerund,
participle, or infinitive. The first one has been
for you.
Tiffany, bored with the usual presents, asked
for a pet for her birthday. Walking a dog
of her own had been her dream for a long
time. A poodle puppy wagging its tail in a pet
caught her eye. Hoping for this pet, Tiffany
went to the store every day to look at the
pup. On her birthday, Tiffany and her mom
hurried to the store to buy the poodle. Tiffany
named the excited puppy Inglebert, which
means “unusually intelligent.” Playing fetch
teaching Inglebert new tricks now take up
much of Tiffany’s time.