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E&P Conference Takeaways

March 25, 2022
Conference Takeaways; E&Ps Sticking with 2022 Plans
The obvious question for the E&Ps at Piper Sandler’s 22 Annual Energy Conference this
week in Las Vegas was the willingness to bend to political pressure to move toward higher
activity levels and growth to help offset higher oil prices as a result of the conflict in Ukraine.
As we anticipated, the answer from domestic independents was that there will be no change
to their 2022 capital plans or long term growth targets. DVN talked about three constraints
to growth including investor demands for discipline and shareholder return, supply chain
constraints and a need for infrastructure, with a primary focus on gas takeaway. PXD
suggested that the backwardation in the oil curve makes increased investment a potentially
difficult decision for shareholders to support, with no anticipated change in activity levels
expected before 2023, a production response not anticipated for another 6-12 months
driving uncertainty on return.
• Investors Rule. The investment landscape for conventional energy has changed. E&Ps
have proven extremely adaptable through multiple cycles, starting with the OPEC price
war in 4Q14, utilizing equity to right-size balance sheets in 2015-16 and driving costs
out of the business. Today, the industry has shifted toward a self-funding model capable
of returning capital to shareholders. The pandemic-led demand shock accelerated the
move toward disciplined capital allocation and frameworks that promised shareholder
return was prioritized over growth. For an industry that has spent the better part of six
years gaining trust back from an investor base that was scarred by boom-bust cycles
and capital destruction, domestic upstream is no longer in a position to deliver price
limiting growth. While the industry can blame investor demands as cover, historic areas
of domestic oil growth such as the Bakken and Eagle Ford are maturing, while the lower
growth model also pushes out inventory depth concerns.
• Growth Will Take Time. US producers are not bending to political pressure to do
anything that isn't going to benefit shareholders and that includes accelerating activity
in an inflationary cost environment and backwardated oil tape. DVN discussed it would
take at least two years to move from its current maintenance program to the upper band
of its long-term growth range (0-5%). PXD estimates spot drilling and completion activity
would cost 30-40% more than what they have budgeted for 2022, and would not be
surprised to see a similar level of cost inflation in 2023 (10%+). That said, it does sound
like service and supply chain tightness pose the risk that 2H22 and 2023 inflation tick
even higher in the current price environment. High-spec rigs coming off contracts of ~
$22k/d are now seeing day rates of $29-30k/d, while completions and sand have been on
shorter-term contracts. Sand was a frequent topic of conversation, with operators looking
at "wet sand" as a potential short-term solution to offset costs and logistical constraints
but is anticipated to be a short-term issue.
Mark A. Lear, CFA
Sr. Research Analyst, Piper Sandler & Co.
212 284-9324, mark.lear@psc.com
John Edelman
Research Analyst, Piper Sandler & Co.
212 284-9440, John.Edelman@psc.com
Related Companies:
Share Price:
The primary risks for the energy business
are: weak global economic activity resulting
in depressed demand for oil and natural
gas, increased supply of oil and natural gas
and weak capital markets (especially given
the capital intensive nature of the energy
business). M&A can create additional risks,
including: overpaying for the target company,
overestimating synergies, culture challenges,
and integration shortfalls.
• Inflation Driving Budget Risk, but Not Sure it Matters at $100+ Oil. One of the big
questions of all the operators was whether companies would reduce activity levels to
stay within capital budgets, or stick with planned activity levels to maintain efficiencies
and access to services, the preference across the companies we spoke with was for
the latter. While capital budgets certainly have risk to the upside given the current price
environment and muted spending levels relative to projected CF (less than 30% of CFO
at the strip), we ultimately think the group will get the pass. Continued on next page ...
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March 25, 2022
Buybacks at $110/Bbl+. The pro- vs. counter-cyclical buyback debate is alive and well, and
while there was more of a skew toward being opportunistic with buybacks from DVN, FANG and
PXD, APA and MRO still argue the stocks represent an attractive opportunity. While we would
have expected more of a preference to pump the brakes on stock repurchases with front-month
crude at $110/bbl+, the equities are still discounting something closer to $70/bbl WTI LT, we think
the higher oil price environment has duration given supply uncertainty, and FCF yields for the
group are still in the 15-20% range. DVN was aggressive with the buyback in 4Q21, repurchasing
nearly $600mm of stock and increasing the authorization to $1.6bn. The company did stress that
the buyback is more of an opportunistic tool and did describe the volatility during the week of 3/14
as just that sort of opportunity, but stressed that there is more capacity to raise the base dividend
with a goal of it representing 5-10% of FCF at mid-cycle pricing. PXD also stressed that it wants
to be counter-cyclical and opportunistic with buybacks as it was in 4Q21 repurchasing $250mm
($181/sh) on the back of omicron concerns. FANG was aggressive with the buyback in 4Q21
as well, and where the company had discussed a limit predicated on the stock representing a
PV12-15 at a $55/bbl mid-cycle price, it has revised its mid-cylce to $65/bbl. We estimate that
change raises the limit or toggle between equity repurchases and variable dividend to ~$135/
sh (from $105).
We Were Bullish Crude Pre-Ukraine. We sat down with our Global Energy Strategist Jan Stuart
to discuss the current state of the oil market. While he was bullish ahead of the Ukraine invasion,
the lack of any near- and long-term supply solutions pose a big risk to the market. We were
already expecting to be through OPEC spare capacity by early 3Q22, but with upwards of 2.5mm
Russian barrels not coming to market (even with the Ural spread $25/bbl below Brent) and
absolutely no way to replace those barrels, we will need to see crude trade at levels that reduce
demand. With the post-Covid recovery expected to drive demand approaching 103 mbbls/d in
2022 (PSC has been above EIA, IEA) and the 500 mbbls/d of compounding annual growth
needed Russian growth likely inverting to a similar level of decline, Jan thinks the US will need to
accelerate growth and fill the gap. Jan estimated a multi-year supply/demand gap approaching
4 mmbls/d that shale will need to fill. While we similarly see few other alternatives than shale
to replace that supply gap, our E&P coverage has not indicated any willingness to depart from
the re-investment and capital return frameworks that broadly have growth rates capped in the
ballpark of 5%. Absent a material amount of capital formation across upstream, service and midstream, and a more supportive domestic energy policy we think that level of global sustained
production is a near impossibility.
Infrastructure Needs. While the brunt of the finger pointing has been in the direction of the
E&Ps, the producers have stressed that they can’t do it alone. In addition to service and
supply chain constraints on near-term growth, US operators have also pointed to infrastructure
constraints, with Permian gas takeaway needed by late 2023/early 2024 and additional LNG
export capacity to handle growing gas volumes. PXD estimates the Permian will need 2 Bcf/
d of takeaway capacity every two years to support ~5% annual oil growth, and expects one of
the three projected projects moving to FID in the next 2-4 weeks. While not a near-term pinch
point, DVN discussed need for additional gas processing capacity (12-18 month lead times) and
also voiced support for EQT’s campaign calling for accelerated development of US gas export
Bid-Ask Spreads Wide. The majority of the E&Ps we spoke with viewed the current environment
as one that will be difficult for M&A given the backwardation of the curve and the commodity price
expectation differences between buyers and sellers. DVN and FANG stressed that they continue
to look at opportunities but have also stressed that deals have a high hurdle to compete with
existing inventory. We spoke with OAS management in the wake of the recently announced MOE
with WLL, and get the sense that it is not done consolidating in the basin. The combined company
is expected to be net-debt free at YE22 and management expressed a comfort with adding
leverage (still sub-1.0x) to do additional M&A in the basin. NOG was aggressive in consolidating
its non-operated Bakken position, as well as expanding into the Delaware and Marcellus in 2021,
and while it sees the current commodity price environment being more challenging for M&A it is
optimistic it can continue to execute accretive acquisitions.
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March 25, 2022
Attractive Commodity Exposure Minus the Capital Cost Inflation. We discussed the
advantages of the minerals business model with management from BSM and MNRL and the
attractive commodity exposure the asset class provides. We project MNRL and BSM offering
low-mid double-digit distribution yields at the strip which compares favorably with the upper band
of the TSR's offered by our E&P operator coverage despite no capital expense requirements
and extremely attractive EBITDA margin (~90% at MNRL). BSM and MNRL emphasized
the asset class offers protection against the current inflationary forces many producers are
experiencing. BSM is optimistic it can return to growth in the Shelby Trough with Aethon resuming
operations and planning to accelerate activity in late 2022/early 2023 and is excited about organic
opportunities across its mineral position in the higher price environment. MNRL is expected to
deliver 25% growth in 2022 in the wake of the DJ acquisition in 4Q21 and a Permian deal that
is expected to close in the next couple of weeks, and while the commodity volatility has made
deals more difficult will continue to look for accretive oil-weighted acquisition opportunities.
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March 25, 2022
Notes: The boxes on the Rating and Price Target History chart above indicate the date of the fundamental Equity Research Note, the rating and the price
target. Each box represents a date on which an analyst made a change to a rating or price target, except for the first box, which may only represent the
first Note written during the past three years.
I: Initiating Coverage
R: Resuming Coverage
T: Transferring Coverage
D: Discontinuing Coverage
S: Suspending Coverage
OW: Overweight
N: Neutral
UW: Underweight
NA: Not Available
UR: Under Review
Distribution of Ratings/IB Services
Piper Sandler
IB Serv./Past 12 Mos.
Note: Distribution of Ratings/IB Services shows the number of companies currently covered by fundamental equity research in each rating category from
which Piper Sandler and its affiliates received compensation for investment banking services within the past 12 months. FINRA rules require disclosure
of which ratings most closely correspond with "buy," "hold," and "sell" recommendations. Piper Sandler ratings are not the equivalent of buy, hold or sell,
but instead represent recommended relative weightings. Nevertheless, Overweight corresponds most closely with buy, Neutral with hold and Underweight
with sell. See Stock Rating definitions below.
Analyst Certification
The analyst Mark A. Lear, CFA, primarily responsible for the preparation of this research report, attests to the following:
The views expressed in this report accurately reflect my personal views about the subject company and the subject security. In addition, no part of my
compensation was, is, or will be directly or indirectly related to the specific recommendations or views contained in this report.
Piper Sandler research analysts receive compensation that is based, in part, on overall firm revenues, which include investment banking revenues.
Time of dissemination: 25 March 2022 03:29EDT.
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March 25, 2022
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