ORGANIZED CRIME IN THE 1920’S Naomi Salinas, BEFORE PROHIBITION ▪ Sicilian Immigration to NYC- 1875 ▪ Big City Bosses ▪ Prostitution ▪ Bribing Police ▪ Local Gangs ▪ Drugs ▪ Robbery ▪ Contract Violence (Prohibition Profits Transformed the Mob 1). PROHIBITION ERA “This great demand for and simultaneous illegalization of alcohol opened up a new illegal market for the gangster to develop and monopolize” (Hales and Kazmers 1). ▪ Arises from the American Temperance Society and the Women’s Christian Temperance League in 1917 (Parkinson 1). ▪ Prohibition created an opportunity for the Mob to make money through bootlegging. BOOTLEGGING & BATHTUB GIN ▪ Bathtub Gin▪ “They used a small still to ferment a ‘mash’ from corn sugar or fruit, beets, even potato peels to produce 200-proof alcohol, then mix it with glycerin and a key ingredient, a touch of juniper oil as flavoring” (Bootleggers and Bathtub Gin 1). ▪ Bootlegging- the illegal making and selling of alcohol ▪ Sold in speakeasies ▪ Loopholes- Alcohol was legally sold for medical and religious purposes THE MAFIA OR “MOB” ▪ Five New York City Mob Families ▪ Polish, Irish, Sicilians, Jewish (Prohibition Profits Transformed the Mob 1). ▪ Turf Wars ▪ Police & Politician Bribery ▪ Offered six million dollars a month for their silence (Prohibition Profits Transformed the Mob 3). ▪ The Mafia bought out breweries and distilleries across the country. AL CAPONE ▪ Capone was a Mafia leader based in Chicago. ▪ He brought in $100 million each year through illegal alcohol sale. ▪ “The Outfit” ▪ Ordered the killing of Chicago’s North Side leader, Hymie Weiss of the Polish and Irish gang. (Prohibition Profits Transformed the Mob 2-3). CHARLES “LUCKY” LUCIANO ▪ New York’s Top Mob Leader ▪ Started as an illegal gambler, introduced to the Mob ▪ How he rose to the top▪ Killed his Mob Boss- Salvatore Maranzano takes over ▪ Maranzano gives him control of a Mafia Family ▪ Maranzano plots to kill Luciano, and Luciano has him killed (Prohibition Profits Transformed the Mob 2). ▪ The Commission THE WINE INDUSTRY ▪ Prohibition allowed the making of juice in homes without a permit from the government (Bootleggers and Bathtub Gin 3). ▪ Bootleggers fermented the juice for longer than they should’ve, allowing a loophole in Prohibition for making wine. ▪ “The price for a ton of grapes, only $9.50 in 1919, rose to an astonishing $375 by 1924” (Bootleggers and Bathtub Gin 3). LASTING EFFECTS OF PROHIBITION AND THE MOB ▪ After prohibition, the mob was forced to find a different career, some illegal, some not. ▪ Businesses that the Mob went into: Garbage Disposal Concrete & Construction Prostitution and Illegal Drugs Legal Alcohol Production (Prohibition Profits Transformed the Mob 3). ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ “The idea that money can buy power was lucidly verified by gangsters such as Capone: bootlegging funds led to both political and violent physical power” (Hales and Kazmers 2). WORKS CITED “Bootleggers and Bathtub Gin - Prohibition: An Interactive History.” Prohibition, 0AD, prohibition.themobmuseum.org/the-history/the-prohibition-underworld/bootleggers-and-bathtub-gin/. Hales, Taylor, and Nikolas Kazmers. “Organized Crime- How It Was Changed by Prohibition.” Organized Crime - How It Was Changed by Prohibition, 2004, www.umich.edu/~eng217/student_projects/nkazmers/organizedcrime2.html. Parkinson, Hilary. “Prohibition and the Rise of the American Gangster.” National Archives and Records Administration, National Archives and Records Administration, 17 Jan. 2012, prologue.blogs.archives.gov/2012/01/17/prohibition-and-the-rise-of-the-american-gangster/. “Prohibition Profits Transformed the Mob - Prohibition: An Interactive History.” Prohibition, 0AD, prohibition.themobmuseum.org/the-history/the-rise-of-organized-crime/the-mob-during-prohibition/.