Tursunova Gulchehra QUESTIONING ‘In the middle of difficulty lies opportunity. The important thing is not to stop questioning.’ Albert Einstein IT’S A FACT THAT An average teacher asks 400 questions in a day That’s 70,000 a year! One-third of all teaching time is spent asking questions Most questions are answered in less than a second Steven Hastings TES 4 July 2003 WHY ASK QUESTIONS? TEACHERS ASK QUESTIONS FOR A VARIETY OF PURPOSES, INCLUDING: To actively involve students in the lesson To increase motivation or interest To evaluate students’ preparation To check on completion of work To develop critical thinking skills To review previous lessons To nurture insights To assess achievement or mastery of goals and objectives To stimulate independent learning TYPES OF QUESTIONS EDUCATORS HAVE TRADITIONALLY CLASSIFIED QUESTIONS ACCORDING TO BLOOM’S TAXONOMY, A HIERARCHY OF INCREASINGLY COMPLEX INTELLECTUAL SKILLS. BLOOM’S TAXONOMY INCLUDES SIX CATEGORIES: Knowledge – recall data or information Comprehension – understand meaning Application – use a concept in a new situation Analysis – separate concepts into parts; distinguish between facts and inferences Synthesis – combine parts to form new meaning Evaluation – make judgments about the value of ideas or products DALTON’S QUESTIONS Quantity questions Change questions Prediction questions Points of view questions Personal involvement questions Comparative association questions Valuing questions TIPS OF EFFECTIVE QUESTIONING Questions have been classified according to various different criteria: What kind of thinking they try to elicit(plain recall: analysis or evaluation) Whether they are “genuine” or “display” questions (does the teacher really want to know the answer, or is he simply checking if the student does?) Whether they are closed- or open-ended (do they have a single right answer or many?) CRITERIA FOR EFFECTIVE QUESTIONING ANALYSIS: LEARN THE TABLE BELOW AND GIVE COMMENTS COMPARE YOUR COMMENTS WITH THE EXPERTS’: COMPARE YOUR COMMENTS WITH THE EXPERTS’: THANK YOU! That is all!