AACSB Business Standard 5 Basis for Judgment 5.1 Assurance of Learning Processes • The school identifies learning competencies for each business degree program as well asappropriate direct and indirect measures that are systematically assessed to demonstratethat learning competencies are achieved across degree programs. • Competencies derive from and are consonant with the school's mission, strategies, and expected outcomes and are reported at the degree level, as opposed to the major level. • Competencies and curriculum management processes reflect currency of knowledge and expectations of stakeholders, including but not limited to organizations employing graduates,alumni, learners, the university community, and policymakers. • Competencies are largely achieved. Where competencies are not achieved, the school provides evidence of actions taken to remediate the deficiencies. • Both direct and indirect measures are employed; normally a school would include both types of measures across the entire portfolio of assessment of all its degree programs. The proportion of direct versus indirect measures by degree program is determined by each school, consistent with its mission and strategic initiatives. It is acceptable for some programs to be assessed only through direct measures, while other programs may be assessed through only indirectmeasures. The school should provide its rationale for determining which programs are measured through direct measures and which programs are measured through indirect measures. • Results of regular direct and indirect assessment should lead to curricular and process improvements. • The school employs a systematic AoL process that includes meaningful and broad faculty participation. • Programs launched since the last review should have a robust AoL plan in place, including a timeline for gathering and analyzing data. Depending on how long the program has been offered, some data may or may not have yet been gathered. A program that has been offered for five years would be expected to have gathered sufficient data to demonstrate asystematic and effective process for the program; however, a program just launched one or two years before a normal peer review visit may not have yet gathered sufficient data to demonstrate a systematic and effective process. The standards intend that, in the case of a newly launched degree program, schools should be given sufficient time to establish asystematic assessment process that adequately demonstrates student learning; in such a case, a robust assessment plan is of paramount importance.