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Gr 10-basics of speech planning 2022

Purpose of Speech
Speeches are usually formal spoken presentations for a particular purpose—often to
persuade an audience to support an idea, or to explain or describe an interesting topic
or past event.
An effective speech
engages the audience straight away through personal reference or
surprising information.
uses humour, powerful ideas, imagery, rhetorical questions and repetition
to make a point.
uses a range of sentence lengths for effect.
Successful Persuasion
Successful persuasive language appeals to:
Reasoning is clear and consistent. Logic may be real or false (i.e. giving the
appearance of logic)
Know and understand the audience. Knowledge of personal motivations
and history can be used to good effect.
3. EMOTION Use emotional appeal, highly emotive words, images, and
colours to stir an effective response.
Structure of a speech
Captures audience’s attention
Includes an interesting fact or item of information
Clearly states your opinion
Develops your ideas/arguments
Uses questions to engage listeners
Acknowledgement of the other argument/ opinion.
Summarises your speech.
Conclude the speech memorably.
Remember to use persuasive techniques throughout the speech.
Useful words:
Adverbs: evidently; understandably; reasonable; undoubtedly; clearly; finally; strongly;
Verbs: to challenge; to oppose; to question; to implore; to urge; to condemn; to propose;
to support
Adjectives: Vital; important; essential; biased; dishonest; inappropriate; controversial;
brave; foolish
Transitional words and phrases: In addition,…; Furthermore,…; Above all… It goes
without saying…; Of course,…; Decidedly…; Undoubtedly…; Indeed…; In fact…
Specifically,…; More importantly,… Yet,… ; However,… In summary…
Useful phrases:
This needs to be dealt with…; Some people feel that…; How could you possibly…;
What would happen if…; This would mean that…; Is it really worth…/ Do you really
think…; Just think about…; I believe that…; Although not everybody would agree, I want
to argue that…; There are several points I want to make to support my point of view.
Firstly…; I have several reasons for arguing for this point of view. My first reason is…;
Therefore, although some people argue that…; think that I have shown that…; We can
solve this by…; If these plans go ahead…
Now do the following short exercise:
Read the speech and identify the persuasive P IN A FOREST technique (personal
pronouns, alliteration, fact, opinion, rhetorical questions, repetition, emotive
language, statistics, rule of three).
Ladies, Gentleman and Children, lend me your ears!
I am here today to express my utter disgust at the so called ‘sport’ of fox hunting.
Some of these rich, posh, toffee-nosed public school boys in tights say that shooting
foxes does not always kill the fox outright and that hunting with dogs is actually more
humane. However, that could not be further from the truth. Fox hunters chose foxes
purely for puerile pleasure; not because they want to help farmers.
Indeed, the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals reported a case of a
twelve-year-old girl and her ten-year-old brother being traumatised at the sight of a fox
being torn limb from limb by a pack of blood-thirsty hounds. Does this sound like
humane pest control to you?
Furthermore, being hunted by a wild pack is not a humane way to die. Statistics show
that 92% of foxes killed in the hunt have a longer, more agonising death than these
killed by more traditional methods of pest control.
Stop the murder, stop the violence, stop fox hunting!