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Case Study [Motivation for creativity in high schools]

The accompanying statement, from one of the educators, adds to the UK meaning of creativeness
"Albeit many people may search for indications of creativeness in the presence of announcement
boards, understudy made projects, focuses and shows in the study hall, I feel the inventive
homeroom goes route past what can be seen with the eyes. It is where bodies and psyches
effectively seek new information. Having an innovative study hall implies that the educator faces
challenges regularly and supports his/her understudies to do likewise." Source: Pann Baltz cited in
Creativity in the Classroom: An investigation (Walker 2008).
A story of creativity leading itself to the motivation: Albert Einstein
Lin-Siegler, Ahn et al. (2016) Being a child, Albert Einstein was an introvert & slow learner. He
performed poorly, in his school. In the school, his father asked for a suggestion from his teacher
that which profession should his son adopt? The headmaster replied to him that it does not matter,
he wouldn’t succeed in anything. It was a German school under military discipline. Albert Einstein
had to deteriorate entirely along with it, it was very challenging for Einstein to sojourn in the
provided environment for which, he used to denounce bitterly in his autobiography. In his
autobiography, he repeatedly said that it was not less than a miracle, that he endured and confronted
those surroundings. He only needs freedom, nothing without the experience of failure, through
freedom he believed, one can promote things to its remarkable level. It was the time of coercion
and duty, which he faced over and over again, is crestfallen. When he managed to pass the final
exam and got into school, the scientific dilemma laid no effect on his performance. He attempted
for an escape to free himself and get enrolled in Polytechnic Institute in Zurich. Shockingly he got
failed in the attempt of the entrance examination and he joined at Swiss school for remedial
coursework. His journey of Switzerland became a turning point for his schooling and as well as
scientific thinking.
Considerably, his new school had freedom in nature, significantly it focused on all, the above needs
to pursue knowledge standing outside of any afflict. A quintessential atmosphere with tremendous
academics free learning style, this suited Albert Einstein’s style of being a thinker and worker.
There was a concept of students, giving less significance for learning knowledge, although more
on the implementation of the knowledge instead. Furthermore, at the end of Einstein’s life, he
commemorated his quality time spent in school, being an enduring experience with practical
Einstein's encounters aren't exclusive and one of a kind. Numerous generally perceived creative
people report that their enthusiasm for their work and their innovativeness have been the best
source, when they focus on the work itself, and not on different things. Some of these reports
incorporate records of study hall encounters, as did Einstein's. They recommend that huge numbers
of the highlights we as instructors routinely incorporate with the school day may, truth be told,
pulverize understudies' inspiration and subvert their inventiveness. Our exploration and that of
others disclose to us this is, truth be told, the case.
Motivation and creativity altogether
Richardson and Mishra (2018) Motivation is the energy or a trigger for a particular plan or an
action. It is an accomplishment of present existing goals towards a firmly forecasted stage.
Motivation is also defined as the determining process to be and sustained. Motivation covers your
various areas of economic plus social life. In the educational sector, it covers being respectful of
the significance of the desired powerful motivation of teachers and students. This diligently
increases a country’s economic growth. In the way of high schools, motivation can be considered
as students’ firm engagement in learning and active academic struggle. Many researchers tell that
academic motivation has been developing confidence related to academic fulfillment, academic
achievement, and “will to learn”.
Creativity, as the principal component pondered on right now, a particular marvel, with an
extraordinary situation in the thoughts on the necessities to be met by college graduates (CastilloVergara, Galleguillos et al. 2018). It is basic for organizations of advanced education to cultivate
creativeness in their understudies. The schools need to create creativeness in understudies as much
as they have to deliver writing and numerate students,". Creativity is suitably characterized by
Dacey and Lennon: Creativity is the capacity to innovate something new. Innovation with
creativeness is one of the fundamental mental possibilities of people. Such conduct thought and
belief are viewed as innovative that meet the accompanying criteria: inventiveness; rightness;
pertinence; esteem (Sirková, Ali Taha et al. 2014).
Innovativeness, being creative can be characterized as "inventive action designed to deliver results
that are both unique and of worth," The accompanying definition, which sees creativity regarding
the result, for example, a result of an inventive procedure, is comparative: An answer for an issue
is viewed as innovative to the degree to which it is valuable, right and useful and new for the
undertaking relegated, just as to the degree to which the errand is heuristic (unique) as opposed to
algorithmic (Amabile, 1992) (Shiu 2014). Thus, inventiveness is the novel capacity to make either
all-new and still unfamiliar things, contemplations and solutions, or the integrating capacity to
consolidate existing items and thoughts in a new, still unused and obscure, way. It is a wonder at
present joining different logical controls, for example, science, biology, human sciences, and so
Students and the educational system
Lassig (2020) We say most of the students think outside of the box, however implying, no one
legitimately knows its rigorous meaning and fathom it ultimately. The high schools are the ones
that empower students to study or practice their courses on a piece of paper and summon to stay
within the materialistic knowledge. Students only pick from the provided answers, becoming
conditioned quite quickly thinking within the given set of parameters. They never draw on their
creative sensibilities. We know that the core education is about preparing the students for the
future, but no one knows what the future will bring. At the high school’s only book knowledge
matters, nothing else. Students are mostly stressed out to score well in all the courses, either by
memorizing or ratification hence, not using creativity at all. So actually, it augments nothing new,
although the coursework from the years circulates in the same curriculum with no enhanced
changes and only the bookish knowledge is considered at most abundant to be learned.
Jahnke and Liebscher (2020) In the current situation, students are asked to take online courses all
over the world due to the quarantine and lockdown period for the prevention of coronavirus. The
online classes could be readily practiced in high schools, therefore easy access to course materials,
classroom discussions, and feedback to instructors. The course helping materials and activities can
be operated from the online system by computer, from the comfort of your own home. I am also
taking online classes being a student of high school. Different aspects of faced in online classes by
the teachers and students. Below the research mainly we would be discussing online classes and
make sure that you get improvised information about it, especially how to get motivated for
creativity during this time of lockdown and get an improved educational system.
High schools’ current situation
University is a higher education institution that provides students with a professional degree and
enables them, to earn money through their knowledge of professional subjects in professional life.
Students are trained for applying their skills and secure knowledge, through the teacher’s
professional experiences and their coaching (Soh 2017). High schools are particularly, physically
designed place in an imaginary manner, where advanced knowledge is taught to the students. High
schools are specified places where academics including scientific experimentation qualitative and
quantitatively are documented. Additionally; a place where active technical talk and debates are
held to coach the students for their better practical projects which adds up to their personality
morally and their experience practically. In high schools, teachers, leading representatives of
schools, and the entire faculty have disparate tasks such as administration, student affairs,
assessments, and evaluation so students have diversified training with inclusion of some
committees organized by the group of students (Akyildiz and Çelik 2020). Those committees are
organized by a group of students having an interest in a specified field. Committees encourage and
boost up the confidence level of students and they allow the students to manage different functions
(functions such as Farewell, Welcome, MMUNs, Debating competitions, and Seminars). Thus,
students such as in management field gain the practical experiences in such activities by managing
the events wholly on their own. High schools are commonly examined qualitatively for constant
improvement and get better in every aspect to achieve the highest ranking all around the world.
Currently, we are all facing a situation where the virus (Covid-19) has forced everyone to sit in
their homes, for being safe. Total lockdown is practiced in most of the affected countries especially
like the USA, UK, German, Australia, India, and Pakistan, etc. The future of these countries seems
to be at home or die by the infection of a catastrophic virus. Meanwhile, doing nothing and relaxing
at home will further bring the recession to the countries. People need to work and make productive
use of their minds while staying in their homes in a specific period of lockdown. Most Asian people
have become lazy and unproductive due to lockdown, which is a quite horrifying situation
presently and can lead to troublesome problems shortly. Correspondingly, in the case of education,
online classes are kicking off all around the world because students cannot currently go to
universities, schools, and colleges for lectures from their respective teachers. Online classes are a
favorable initiative for educating students in the current prevailing situation. Runco, Acar et al.
(2017) Students face different difficulties in using the traditional education system, especially
during this period. The high school is lacking in a few things which are as follows:
High schools are making students with overall less use of creativity.
As the world is heading towards its advancement day by day. It seems like the education
system is still the same as of previous centuries. Knowingly that an advanced future can
be only taken to its peak through creatively educating students.
One of the main lacking points in the high schools nowadays are the teachers focus the
most on, the knowledge rather than its practical implementation for students’ career is not
given much importance, thus career-building needs to be enhanced by creativeness since
knowledge can be the tool to add up to creativity.
Exclusively in educational institutes, we are concerned with thinking like ‘what’s needed’,
rather it should be for betterment that ‘what can be’.
Tom Peter’s book “Re-imagine” describes a vision of education seeing the present situation of the
education system altogether. It focuses on the American educational system further comments on
a link to most education systems across the world (Peters and Peters 2003).
Peter’s point of view:
High schools themselves ought to perceive that learning is unadulterated, that adoration for
learning is ordinary, and that genuine learning is energetic.
A curriculum of school program that qualities inquiries above answers, creativeness above
certainty spewing forth, singularity above consistency and greatness above standardized
A society that regards its educators and principals, pays them well and awards them the
self-sufficiency to carry out their responsibility being creative people they seem to be, and
for the innovative people in their charge.
Lacking Motivation in global Pandemic:
Motivation originates from both inside and outside of us. Extraneous, or outside, inspiration is the
point at which we are constrained to accomplish something for a prize, for example, for
commendation, cash or social acknowledgment, or because of a paranoid fear of discipline.
Natural, or inward, inspiration is the point at which we are constrained by things that are expressly
satisfying, for example, getting the hang of, fulfilling an oddity, taking an intrigue, critical
thinking, or achievement.
1. Distractions:
Either through lethargy or the intrinsic sparks with a sense of intrigue, interest, and self-satisfaction
the concentration may get diverted by tasks and exercises, for example, playing online games,
doing riddles, and cooking. At the point when students stay at home, particularly in lockdown, it’s
likewise, they want to concentrate on their "homes". They want to enjoy the family time which
wasn’t the part of their normal days due to their heavy burden of assignments, quizzes, and a
deadly-tough routine. They would want to read a novel or relax over their couch with a feeling of
freedom from that exhausting routine.
2. Anxiety:
It is nothing unexpected that students are stressed, about themselves and friends and family coming
down with the Covid-19 infection, and the eventual fate of the world or their employments. This
nervousness comes in two fundamental structures
A reaction to something that is occurring, for example, the disturbed routine occurred from
irregular naps, or a friend or family member is sick.
The other kind, obsessive nervousness, is a determined dread of what may occur, for
example, agonizing over the effect of the coronavirus emergency on the world or on the
careers (last semester undergrads worrying for their degree to complete, intermediate
students stressed out for their admissions in universities)
It's difficult to concentrate on studies when nervousness has overpowered. It can likewise haze
cerebrum since it is connected with dread. At the point when the body detects insecurity, it goes
into battle or flight mode and siphons out adrenalin and noradrenalin, which removes vitality from
the piece of the cerebrum that thinks intelligently. All things considered; students needn't bother
with the ability to incorporate the learned material on the off chance that they are being pursued
by something which may hurt them with making them worse off. The body astutely redirects the
energies somewhere else. It makes sense this is a momentary reaction, which is the reason longerterm nervousness can be debilitating and devastating.
3. Scanty rewards
In an examination completed at the Polytechnic University of Valencia on worker motivation, lead
specialist Lourdes Canós-Darós finished up, "The significance of reward strategy in the motivation
is noteworthy." Simultaneously in a classroom, exogenous factors incorporate acknowledgment,
class participation marks, esteem needs, group, and teamwork with correspondence and the
formation of a positive domain. A considerable lot of these prizes are normally missing or lessened
if they are telecommuting. A teacher motivating an introvert to participate and give bonus marks
and different rewards for participation.
4. An absence of Group work (esteem need)
Colleagues make vitality and work as a magnificent tool to enhance competition and motivate the
students to participate more and perform better. Team workers can likewise also create a "virus
impact". If it can be observed if another person is motivated towards work and is working hard to
achieve the position in the classroom, it can help change the disposition of the colleagues in the
classroom towards it.
This can be quoted by Andrew. He said, "At the point when others are around there is a social
strain to work. It is being felt, as though someone is watching and observing, which is something
to be thankful for. Plenty of his companions who worked from home used to go to a bistro to work,
to get that feeling if students are taking online classes, they can begin procrastination by going into
the kitchen or doing something else which they find worth off and interesting.
Options for creativity to motivate students in the current situation
The world trends are changing and due to this pandemic, the classroom trend is also shifting
towards new landscapes and now online class’s leanings are being implemented. Online learning
comes up with a lot of pros and cons. Here we have come up with different options to tackle the
problems, faced by students nowadays. We have developed a concept of learning directly
proportional to the benefits it can endorse. The concept of learning something for individual
growth and motivation is the real objective with creativeness. The education system where students
can learn from the online classes has lessened the social interaction and students and teachers do
not meet at a physical place, but they can interact via the internet from their homes. Moreover, the
teacher who hasn’t modernize their selves through technology will need a lot of time to use the
online platforms and they can’t handily deal with each individual in their queries, similarly, is the
case students would deal with, who couldn’t operate conveniently the online app delivering a
lecture and the introverts would likely to lack behind. Students already being unenthusiastic about
asking questions, would further demotivate and left delinquent. As a consequence, they stand
nowhere and end up with the failure on their hands.
Partovi and Razavi (2019) Creativity and its motivation are merged between the daily lives and
there are fewer chances for students to explore their skill and start implementing on them so there
must be some options available for the students and teachers, they can be creative because now we
make a very hectic pace of lives where we don’t have an ample time to sit and explore ourselves
being creative. So, we need to explore some possible outcomes within our daily routine where
creativity can never be suppressed, and it keeps one motivated.
Apply modern learning strategies in the workplace so; students can think of new ideas in
their mind and creative work will produce such as engaging them in some kind of ted talks,
give them innovative lessons, allow them to podcast within their boundaries
Encourage your students to participate in class discussions and keep them involved so,
they can talk freely, and this will give a new passageway to explore their skills. Allow them
to do some kind of meaningful discussion.
Create an environment where students challenge themselves to use color in creative ways
and progressive ways, such as exhibiting inspiration posters or producing themed “mood”
corners. Colors ensure the presence of life around the globe.
Allow students to visualize goals and start working on them and try to achieve them by
staying within the constraints.
Solutions for creating a mature online session with motivated students
Fidan and Oztürk (2015) The way to motivate understudy has to do with an inner drive and
individual interests. A considerable lot of the elements that remain constant in viable conventional
instruction arranges likewise apply to web-based learning groups. For instance, a low understudy
to-instructor proportion is important for likely understudy achievement, paying little heed to the
arrangement face to face or on the web. In any case, there are a couple of explicit systems online
educators can embrace that will augment the inspiration, learning, and resulting maintenance of
grown-up understudies. To propel understudies on the web, give chances to understudies to
interface with the topic; have understudies define their objectives; set up a framework for selfchecking and progress-following; urge understudies to team up with you on the prospectus or
course understanding material; and go about as the facilitator, as opposed to a transmitter of data.
Some solutions can completely drive the motivation of students which are as follows:
The assignment could be assigned, in the next class session regarding the last lecture to,
analyze the student’s concentration level. The recorded lectures might not be allowed, with
an endeavor to appreciate the texture of seriousness in the classroom and complement the
participation simultaneously. The weekly report could be assembled for every student of
the class, whereupon consolidating them on monthly basis, hence positioning the students
based on class concerning their absorption levels of the class lectures, and award them with
the class participations marks (such as 1st position = 2 absolutes, 2nd = 1.5 absolutes, 3rd =
1 absolutes). This will upsurge the efforts of instructors but will positively respond in the
There could be an online portal for the interaction of teachers, students, and particularly
parents. The portal should be designed in a way, that teachers can interact with students
and simultaneously parents, with the intent that, teachers & parents can communicate for
the best future of students. The portal should outlay the performance of students to endure
the fright of their parents, they would revamp their performances. Additionally, the portal
would allow the parent to access teacher contact precisely with a reach to directly talk to
the teacher of their offspring.
The teachers would upload the topics with the class objectives for the lecture the next day.
Here the creativity factor could incorporate the students (a group of 4-5) to prepare the
lectures and deliver the next day, instead of the teacher. Now, at the end of the session, the
teacher will hand over the class again and tell the point if students have missed. At the end
of every month, the performances would be ranked, and the first three position holdings
will be given cash prizes (such as 1st position = 5000, 2nd position = 3000, 3rd position =
The teacher could gamify the lecture when the lecture starts to be boring or should opt for
an open book quiz or an online activity that can regenerate and boost up the motivation
level for the study.
A teacher should know their audience and how-to re-boost their stamina. There should be
a random- question answering session to that introverts take part in it and everyone in the
class concentrates on the lecture so that they can answer the question asked by the
The monthly reports of the students can be evaluated at the end of the semester and the
students scoring the best amongst all could be awarded by the scholarship program of the
university (1st position = 50%, 2nd position = 30%, 3rd position = 15%)
The general key to achievement in persuading the online understudies is to create motivation and
engagement of students into the course. Nonetheless, don't dismiss the fundamental objective of
the class, and that is to teach your understudies. Don't try too hard, it is needed to work to locate
the correct blend. At long last, every understudy is extraordinary, and each class is unique. The
idea of being if the instructor should have the foggiest idea what is working and what isn't with his
group if he believes he is losing understudies, or on the off chance that he feels that he is not being
effective, he should just approach them for exhortation and this would the best idea in the case of
the instructor ideas don’t apprehend.
Secondary Research on the motivation of creativity
Further, sharing an investigation of secondary school understudies containing complete 28
understudies joined up with a course at secondary school of Introduction and Application of
Instructional Media 174 understudies altogether partook in this examination. There were 11 were
graduated understudies and 17 were college understudies. The gathering was set by the specialized
capacity. The scientists performed participative perception, and toward the finish of the semester,
arbitrarily talked with 20 understudies to gather data identified with innovative learning.
The goal of the course, Introduction, and Application of Instructional Media were to furnish
understudies with involvement with the formation of an amazing sight and sound video while
teaming up with others. The most significant component of guidance is to advance the learning
procedure. Along these lines, the course-related undertakings necessitated that understudies depict
the innovative procedure they follow when they present their mid-term reports, and to post their
considerations on a conversation forum.
The undertakings structured in this course given understudies the chance to communicate their
imagination. The inventive assignments had two qualities: fluffy structure and open-mindedness.
The topic and bearing of the assignments were not constrained; understudies were allowed to
choose any point for their midterm video, join related resources, and alter their video as they saw
fit. For the last task, the understudies were required to make a site with an instructional video,
however, the understudies were allowed to choose a point that they were keen on.
How did the motivation for creativity and learning strategies change between the semester?
During the meetings, the understudies portrayed how the way toward delivering recordings
prompted numerous conversations and exchanges with bunch individuals. Besides, during the
conversation, each gathering needed to give input to different gatherings, which prompted the age
of more thoughts and the improvement of high request meta-intellectual methodologies.
As per the understudy's innovativeness supporting learning condition, self-adequacy & task esteem
was improved, and understudies utilized higher request learning techniques. From the earliest
starting point to the center of the semester, self-viability and understudy discernments toward the
estimation of the undertakings they were approached to perform fundamentally improved. From
the center as far as possible of the semester, self-adequacy & task esteem likewise improved, and
understudies would in general utilize progressively self-directed learning procedures.
In the meetings, the understudies communicated how they detected changes during the execution
of creative errands and how the course influenced them they accept that the course affected
understudy's innovativeness by helping them to actualize their thoughts through altering
recordings or building a site. The course empowered them to create their work and they truly felt
satisfied. They got a lot of experience and knowledge from the course, and various thoughts were
blended inside him. For the most part, it is difficult to talk about things with such a large number
of individuals in different courses (Ma and Corter 2019).
Prospect & Guidelines that must be followed to promote creativity in normal and online
As we are not ready with the rapid change of online classes but nowadays it’s been implemented
because of the current pandemic situation in the world but we take lessons from this new trend and
identify problems and make our future better by taking out the best possible solution and keep
eradicating the problems which are making hurdles while delivering the lectures.
Some basic need highlighted:
For things like motivation, the most important things are given above in the hierarchy. Students
and teachers both have an equal role to play because if any of the steps where students lack it
directly affect the creativity of them and their motivation towards their work will be in danger. A
person and a student will be motivated for their work if and only if their basic needs are fulfilled
and it keeps their motivation level high towards their work and the output that they produce from
their work will be on the next level (Pachler, Kuonath et al. 2019).
Hao, Qiao et al. (2020) Creativity is not linked with the student's mind and the marks he or she get
in the class; it’s far from this concept. So, don’t judge a student through its grades or the
performance they show while within a class boundary. Some points that the teachers must consider
Ask: to identify the need and constrains
This point says that where are some limitation which restricts a student to do productive work or
to explore its skills and also from the ideas which come in the mind. There are many social
problems faced by many humans’ students who also go through these kinds of problems.
Furthermore, students may face some kind of financial problem or some parental pressure or some
family problems. The main thing in this is to ask the student whether he/she is facing any kind of
problem that is acting as the obstacles in their growth and productivity.
Research: the problem
So, if there are some hurdles regarding the motivation level which affect the creativity of the
students try to find them not to blame the student about its work or the output he generates. As we
discussed above the example of Albert Einstein, was shy and slow in its workplace because of the
environment he faces. So, it’s very important to research on the problems faced by the students
Imagine: possible solutions
If there are problems than one must go for the possible solutions, so research the possible solutions
for the problems. Take an example of a rubric cube: problem occurs to match all the same corners
of the cube; we go for the possible solutions for the cube and apply different algorithms to solve
that cube. So, if something that distracts you in doing the creative thing go for their possible
Plan: by selecting a promising solution
At this point one where you have all possible solutions listed down you have to apply them and
come to the point where you get one best solution for the problems that occur during the creation
of work. You get a plan for the problem and its best possible solutions that help you in overcoming
the problems.
Create: a prototype
Now you are at the point where you have to set an example by overcoming the problem by its best
possible solutions. Like: we discussed Einstein when he failed the entrance test of Polytechnic
Institute in Zurich and then joined Swiss school. So, create your prototype and by analyzing
Test: and evaluate the prototype
By creating a prototype test that on yourself either help you in overcoming the problems that you
face in between your creativity and the motivation level and if some improvements required them
to explore them and make their possible solutions.
As above we discussed how we can identify the problem and from what possible ways its solutions
can be provided. Now it’s time that the issues which are discussed above must be addressed so we
can go on our way of success.
The main aim of the case was to develop motivation for creativity in the schools of high school,
which got highly related to the situation of educational institutes going on nowadays. Meanwhile
knowing that the online classes carry immense in the current situation and it needs to be creative
to fully indulge the attention of students easily. The characteristics of improvements influenced
the willingness of students to engage in the creative process. The most important thing for students
and teachers is the feedback and simultaneous improvements in making different strategies for the
strong involvement of students in creative learning especially during the current situation of
lockdown. The improvements and strategies made include different creative activities, the students
continually adjusted their evaluative processes, confirmed the value of the task, saw an
improvement in their self-efficacy, and adjusted the strategies they used to overcome problems.
The main thing is your evaluation in students being creative, making your learning of knowledge
useful in different ways.
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