Class DNA Project- FRANKENSTEIN Directions: You will be assigned one gene to contribute to our class Frankenstein. Using the chart, decipher which sequence of DNA nucleotides codes for that particular trait. For example, if you are assigned eye color, we will be using your traits. Therefore, if you have blue eyes, you must color in the eyes blue. If your class is also making a class DNA paper model, follow the chart to determine which DNA sequence codes for blue eyes, and use that sequence to make your paper model. Once you have determined the sequence, use the cut-outs to create your DNA (remember DNA is DOUBLE stranded, so you will have to figure out the complementary strand as well). Then, add your DNA sequence in the allotted spot. Again, using eye color as the example, you would see it is gene # 7. Therefore, you would place your DNA code as the seventh code, in numerical order. Once you have the DNA, you must then contribute to the class drawing of our Frankenstein. So once again, using the eye color example, you would be responsible for coloring in blue eyes! Tip: Figure out Sex of the “Frankenstein” FIRST! (See #25) If your class is also making a DNA model, work on your model while you are waiting to draw or color your trait onto the class Frankenstein! If you are not making a model, please be patient! Each one of your will contribute to the class Frankenstein with your assigned trait! Be sure to pay attention to the special directions. © Biology Roots, LLC www.biology-roots.com Vanessa Jason. Single classroom use only. Not for public display. Gene # Trait Special Directions 1 Height 2 Jaw/face shape 3 4 5 Ear size (small, average, large) Earlobe (attached or unattached) and Ear size Skin color (dark, medium, light) 6 Hair texture (curly, straight, wavy) 7 8 9 10 11 Hair color Eye shape (almond, round, or a little of both) Eye color Eyebrows thickness (bushy, thin or intermediateMUST follow hair color) Eyebrow shape (arched, average, straight) Trace your body in pencil; lightly trace head area- do NOT trace your hands OR feet You may do some small erasures along head area if you need to- keep the height Be sure to color in with skin color Do not draw until earlobes are determined Color HEAD LAST, after all facial features are included Make sure ears are there before hair is added! Do NOT color until hair texture is determined Wait until eye color is determined Wait until eye shape is determined to color Wait until eyebrow shape is determined before drawing Wait until eyebrow thickness is determined before drawing 12 13 14 15 Freckles or no freckles Nose (small, medium, large) Nose shape (pointed, average, rounded) Lip Shape (full, average, thin) 16 17 18 Lip color (purplish, brownish, pinkish) Chin shape (broad, average, narrow, pointed) Cleft chin or non-cleft chin 19 20 21 22 Dimples or no dimples Widows Peak or no widow’s peak Fingers (long ,short, average) Cheek shape (rounded, average, high cheekbones) Cheek color (rosy or non-rosy) Feet (large, average, small) Assume that our class Frankenstein already has one X-chromosome. If you are a girl- you only have X chromosomes, therefore you can only have another girl. 23 24 25 Do not draw until nose size is determined! Lip color is separate; wait until it is determined Do not draw until lip shape is determined Wait until chin shape is determined before adding a cleft if necessary Do not color until cheek shape is determined If you are a boy- you have both an X and a Y chromosome and must flip a coin. Heads= X- GIRL Tails=Y -BOY When you are done, sign your name on the Frankenstein in an inconspicuous place (small around the border). If you want, you can write which trait you contributed! Step 1) Find the trait that has been assigned Step 2) Find the corresponding DNA based on your phenotype and HIGHLIGHT it. Step 3) Make your DNA paper model while you wait for your turn/others to take their turn to draw traits to create your class Frankenstein! © Biology Roots, LLC www.biology-roots.com Vanessa Jason. Single classroom use only. Not for public display. Trait/Gene #1 1) Height DNA code Short= CCA AAA GGG Average = CCA AAA GCC Round= GGT TAT ACA Square= GGT TGG ACA Triangular= GGT TGG ACC 3) Ear Size Small= AAA TCC GTA Average= AAA TCC GAC Large=AAA TCA GAC 4) Earlobe attachment Attached= GAG CTT TAA Unattached= GAG CTA TAA Dark= TAC CCC AAG Medium= TAC CCC AGG Curly= CCC GGG AAA Wavy= CCC GGG TAA Dark= ACT TAC TAC Medium= ACT TAC TAG Almond= GCG CCG ATG Intermediate= GCG CCG GTA Brown= AAA TTT CCC Non-brown= AAT TTT CGC Bushy= CAC GAG TAT Average= CAC GAA TAA Arched= AAT CCG GGT Intermediate= AAT CCG GTT 2) Jaw/head shape 5) Skin color 6) Hair Texture 7) Hair color 8) Eye shape 9) Eye color 10) Eyebrow thickness 11) Eyebrow Shape 12) Freckles 13) Nose size 14) Nose shape 15) Lip shape 16) Lip color 17) Chin shape 18) Chin Cleft or No cleft 19) Dimples 20) Widow’s Peak 21) Fingers 22) Cheek shape 23) Cheek color 24) Feet 25) Sex Tall= CCA AAA CCC Light= TAC CCC GGG Straight= CCC GGG TTA Light= ATT TAC TAG Round= GCG CCG ATA Thin= CAC AAA TAA Straight= AAT CCG TGT Large= TCT TGG AAC Small= TCT TAA AAA Average= TCT TGA AAA Pointed= ACC CGA TA Rounded= ACC GGA TTC Average= ACC CGA TTC Full= GAG ACT CCC Thin = GAG ACT AAA` Average= GAG ACT CCA Purplish= CAG TTT AAA Pinkish= CAG AAT ACA Brownish=CAG TAT ACC Broad= ATA CCC ATA Narrow=` ATA CCT ATT Average= ATA CCC ATT Cleft= TCC CCT GGC No Cleft= TCC CCT AAA Dimples= ACG GCA AAA No dimples= ACG GCA CTT Widow’s Peak= GTT TAG GCA No widow’s Peak= GTT TAA GTC Long= CAT ATC GGG Short= CAT ATT GTT Average= CAT ATT GGT Rounded= CAC GGA TTC High Cheek Bones= CAC GGG TAA Average= CAC GGG TTA Rosy= AAA TGC CCA Nonrosy= AAA CCC CCT Large= GAA TCT TCT Small= GAA TAA TAC Average= GAA TCT TAA Male= AAA TTT GCA Female= AAA TTT TCC © Biology Roots, LLC www.biology-roots.com Vanessa Jason. Single classroom use only. Not for public display. Some notes for the teacher… What is the DNA Class Frankenstein? Simply put: the DNA Class Frankenstein is a collaborative project that includes a bit of every student’s phenotypes. Combined, it makes the class Frankenstein. What is the DNA paper model this activity refers to? Page 3 is only required if you are making a paper model. If you unsure- you can find one as a resource in my shop: https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/DNA-Model-Paper-Project-363552 I recommend doing some sort of paper model while doing a DNA class Frankenstein because there is a lot of downtime while creating the Frankenstein as students need to add the traits in an orderly fashion, and only about 1-3 students should be working on the Frankenstein at a time. Paper models combined with this activity help students connect the structure of DNA with its phenotypic results! However, you can have them do any activity you wish during the downtime. What type of paper should we use to create our Frankenstein? Suggested paper for the class Frankenstein: https://www.amazon.com/Borden-Riley-Drawing-Paperyards/dp/B003XKGPEY/ref=sr_1_4?ie=UTF8&qid=1476326726&sr=8-4&keywords=large+paper+roll I like this paper because it is wide enough and at 10 yards in length it will be the perfect length assuming you have 5 classes with an average of 6’ tall students! Other tips and hints: 1- Assign students their trait – the easiest way is to count them off to 25. If you have more than 25 students in your class, you have students share some traits such as finger length and foot size (divide the trait among two students so that each student has their own hand or foot instead of one student doing both). One year, in a class of 30 kids, we had to include tongue roll and belly button! 2- Encourage your students to read their special directions (For example- the student that determines the hair color should not draw it until hair texture is determined or vice versa). 3- Students should sign their class Frankenstein when they are done on the border! They can add which trait they contributed if they would like. 4- One thing I like to do is make a transparency copy of page 2 and put it on the projector so that students can check off their trait when they are done to help everyone keep track of the progress. © Biology Roots, LLC www.biology-roots.com Vanessa Jason. Single classroom use only. Not for public display.