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Book Review Talha gujjar

Talha Arif
Roll no.
Department ADP IT
Submitted to
Miss kiran shahzadi
Chapter name: introduction to computer
related to chapter title
Introduction to computer
Over view:
People use computers in a variety of fields, including education,
finance, government, health care, science, publishing, travel, and manufacturing.
Although the way people use computers varies, each use of a computer involves
computer hardware, computer software, and normally some type of communications
capability over networks, such as the Internet. Form a three-member team and choose
a field in which you all are interested. Assign one member of your team to investigate
hardware used in the field, another member to investigate software used in the field,
and the third member to investigate communications capabilities used in the field.
Each team member should develop a list of related items that may be used in the
selected field. After the team investigation, characterize a hypothetical business or
organization in the field. Based on your investigation, recommend specific hardware,
software, and networking capabilities that would be best for the business or
organization. Each team member should provide an explanation for each selected
item. Be sure to include comparisons of specific items. Prepare a report and/or
presentation summarizing your investigations, describing the hypothetical business or
organization, and outlining and supporting your recommendation
My point to view:
According to my point of view this chapter is a best source to Learn about different
types of computer there uses and the way in which we can use computer for
different purpose
Chapter name :
the internet and world wide web
related to chapter title
the internet and world wide web
Over view:
You are vice president of operations for a major luxury hotel chain. You and three
teammates want to start a new chain of discount hotels called Sleepy Hollow. You
have made a plan that includes opening hotels initially in Seattle, Kansas City,
Nashville, and Dallas. You plan to offer comfortable rooms, wireless Internet access, a
business centre, and a hot breakfast buffet. Besides offering reservations over the
telephone, you want to develop a Web site that will allow customers to negotiate a
nightly rate as their check-in time approaches. With your teammates, evaluate
existing major hotel Web sites by listing the advantages and disadvantages of each.
Assign each member the task of evaluating two of the following hotel chains: Marriot,
Hilton, Holiday Inn, Ramada, Super 8, Motel 6, Days Inn, and Radisson. Team members
should print the home page of the hotel chain to which they are assigned and evaluate
their respective hotels’ Web sites, paying particular attention to the following areas:
(1) design of the Web site, (2) ease of use, (3) reservations, (4) awards programs, (5)
special offers, (6) online Help, (7) information about the hotel, and (8) contact
information for the hotel. Prepare a report and/or presentation summarizing your
evaluations and ranking the sites in terms of their effectiveness. Be sure to include
brief explanations supporting your rankings.
point of view :
By studying this chapter we will be able to learn about different types of processes
Discuss the evolution of the Internet , Identify and briefly describe various broadband
Internet connections and state differences between broadband Internet connections
and dial-up connections ,Describe the types of Internet access providers: Internet
service providers, online service providers, wireless Internet service providers
,Describe the purpose of an IP address and its relationship to a domain name ,Explain
how Web pages use graphics, animation, audio, video, virtual reality, and plug-ins.
Chapter name: Application software
Chapter number: 3
Attachment: related to chapter title
Application software
Over view:
With the proper software, a computer is a valuable tool. Software allows users to
create letters, memos, reports, and other documents; develop multimedia
presentations; design Web pages and diagrams; draw and alter images; record and
enhance audio and video clips; prepare and file taxes; play single player or multiplayer
games; compose e-mail messages and instant messages; and much more. To
accomplish these and many other tasks, users work with application software.
Application software consists of programs designed to make users more productive
and/or assist them with personal tasks. Application software has a variety of uses:
1. To make business activities more efficient
2. To assist with graphics and multimedia projects
3. To support home, personal, and educational tasks
4. To facilitate communications
My point of view:
In my view As a student in a drafting class, your instructor has challenged you to
design your dream home by using application software wherever possible. Form a
team of three people that will determine how to accomplish this objective
Chapter name The Components of the System Unit
Chapter number 4th
Attachment: related to chapter title
The Components of the System Unit
Over view:
The system unit is a case that contains electronic components of the computer used
to process data. System units are available in a variety of shapes and sizes. The case
of the system unit, sometimes called the chassis, is made of metal or plastic and
protects the internal electronic components from damage. All computers and mobile
devices have a system unit
On desktop personal computers, the electronic components and most storage devices
are part of the system unit. Other devices, such as the keyboard, mouse, microphone,
monitor, printer, USB flash drive, scanner, Web cam, and speakers, normally occupy
space outside the system unit. An all-in-one desktop personal computer is an
exception, which houses the monitor and the system unit in the same case. The trend
is toward a smaller form factor, or size and shape, of the desktop personal computer
system unit.
My point of view
For many types of problems we can learn from this chapter:
Three of your friends have asked you to configure a new computer for each of them. Each
friend has $2,000 budgeted for the computer. One friend likes to play video games, another
wants to purchase a computer for his home office (where he works as a travel agent), and the
third would like a notebook computer that he can use for schoolwork. By following different
step we can do our work in a good manner.
Chapter name
Chapter number 5th
Attachment : related to chapter title
Over view:
An input device is any hardware component that allows users to enter data and instructions
(programs, commands, and user responses) into a computer. Depending on the application
and your particular requirements, the input device selected may vary. The following pages
discuss a variety of input devices . Storage devices, such as disk drives, serve as both input
and output devices.
data is a collection of unprocessed items, including text, numbers, images, audio, and video.
Once data is in memory, the computer interprets and executes instructions to process the
data into information. Instructions entered into the computer can be in the form of programs,
commands, and user responses.
Learnt through this chapter
You work for a bed and breakfast that has 12 guest rooms. You currently record reservations
in an appointment book and use traditional door keys to grant access to rooms. Occasionally,
your guests check out and forget to turn in their keys. For this reason, you must change the
lock to that room so that former guests cannot enter the rooms after their stay has ended.
You want to use technology to automate the room keys and other processes at the bed and
breakfast. Form a team of three people. One team member should research solutions for a
computerized reservation system. Another team member should research solutions for
implementing an electronic lock solution, and the last team member should research the
costs of creating a Web site that allows guests to reserve rooms online.
Chapter name out put
Chapter number 6th
Attachment relate to chapter title
Out put
Over view:
Output is data that has been processed into a useful form. That is, computers process data
(input) into information (output). The form of output varies, depending on the hardware and
software being used and the requirements of the user. Monitors, notebook computers,
portable media players, smart phones, digital cameras, and other mobile devices have screens
that allow users to view documents, Web sites, e-mail messages, photos, videos, and movies.
Many printers enable users to print colour documents and photos. Through the computer’s
speakers, headphones, or earbuds, users listen to sounds, music, and voice messages.While
working with a computer, a user encounters four basic types of output: text, graphics, audio,
and video . Very often, a single form of output, such as a Web page, includes more than one
of these types of output
Chapter name Storage
Chapter number 7th
Attachment related to chapter title
Over view:
Storage holds data, instructions, and information for future use. Every computer stores
system software and application software. To start up, a computer locates an operating
system (system software) in storage, usually a hard disk, and loads it into memory (RAM).
When a user issues a command to start application software1, such as a word processing
program or a Web browser, the operating system locates the program in storage, such as on
a hard disk or optical disc, and loads it into memory (RAM). In addition to programs, users
store a variety of data and information on mainframe computers, Figure 7-1 A variety of
storage options smart card magnetic stripe card optical disc microfilm external hard disks
network attached storage device internal hard disk servers, desktop computers, notebook
computers, smart phones, portable media players, and other mobile devices. For example, all
types of users store digital photos; appointments, schedules, and contact/address
information; correspondence, such as letters and e-mail messages; tax records; and Web
pages .A home user also might store budgets, bank statements, a household inventory,
records of stock purchases, tax information, homework assignments, recipes, music, and
videos. In addition or instead, a business user stores reports, financial records, travel records,
Chapter name
Operating Systems and Utility Programs
Chapter number 8th
Attachment relate to chapter title
Operating Systems and Utility Programs
An operating system (OS) is a set of programs containing instructions that work together to
coordinate all the activities among computer hardware resources. Most operating systems
perform similar functions that include starting and shutting down a computer, providing a
user interface, managing programs, managing memory, coordinating tasks, configuring
devices, establishing an Internet connection, monitoring performance, providing file
management and other utilities, and automatically updating itself and certain utility
My point of view
As a student of IT I have learnt about different processes of storing data.
Chapter name
Chapter number
Communications and Networks
Attachment: related to chapter title
Communications and Networks
Over view:
Computer communications describes a process in which two or more computers or devices
transfer data, instructions, and information. Today, even the smallest computers and devices
can communicate directly with one another, with hundreds of computers on a company
network, or with millions of other computer
Computer communications are everywhere. Many require that users subscribe to an Internet
access provider. With other computer communications, an organization such as a business or
school provides communications services to employees, students, or customers.
By studying this chapter:
You, along with two of your friends, decide to play multiplayer
computer games at your house. In order to play multiplayer
computer games from the same location, however, you learn
that you must set up a local area network that connects each
player’s computer to the other computers. Form a team of
three people. One team member should research what
software (if any) is required, besides the game itself, to
connect the computers to the local area network. Another
team member should research what additional hardware is
required to set up this local area network. Finally, the last
team member should research how to configure the
computers to connect to one another. Compile your findings
and then submit them to your instructor.