# ComObject and Com Subj

```1
TEST
Variant 2.
1.
Раскройте скобки, употребляя сложное подлежащее.
Conductors and insulators.
Conductors (1- to know, to have) a low resistance so that current easily passes through them.
The lower the resistance of the material, the more current can
pass through it.
The most common conductors are metals. Silver and copper ( 2 - to suppose, to be) the best of
them.The advantage of copper is that it is much cheaper than silver.Thus copper is widely used to
produce wire conductors. One of the commom functions of wire conductors ( 3- to consider, to connect)
a voltage source to a load resistance. Since copper wire conductors have a very low resistance a
minimum voltage drop is produced in them.Thus, all of the applied voltage can produce current in the load
resistance.
The most materials (4- to find, to change) the value of resistance when their temperature
changes.Metals increase their resistance when the temperature increases while cabon decreases it
resistance when the temperature increases. Thus, metals (5- to appear, to have) a positive temperature
coefficient of resistance while carbon to have a negative temperature coefficient.
Materials having a very high resistance (6 - to know, to call) insulators.Current passes through insulator
with great difficulty.
The most common insulators (7- to believe, to be) air, paper, rubber, plastics. Any insulator (8-to
be certain, to conduct) current when a high enough voltage is applied to it. Currents of great value must
be applied to insulators in order to make them conduct. The higher the resistance of an insulator, the
greater the applied voltage must be.
When an insulator is connected a voltage source, it (9- to turn out, to store) electric charge and
a potential is produced on the insulator.Thus, insulators (10- to be sure, to have) two main functions:
1. to isolate conducting wires and thus to prevent a short between them and
2. to store electric charge when a voltage source is applied.
2. Translate into Russian paying attention to Complex Object.
1. Any student must know a voltmeter to be used for measuring the potential difference between
any two points in a circuit.
1. I noticed that he wasn’t practically interested in the conversation.
2. Modern discoveries allow science and engineering to be developed rapidly.
3. The engineers expect this phenomenon to be investigated in their laboratory.
4. She noticed them first walking up the path from the lake.
5. We know the pressure to decrease as altitude increases.
6. He counts upon complex calculations to be carried out with the help of the computer.
7. We waited for them to begin the conversation.
8. We believe the greater part of energy to be used for supplying plants in that region.
9. I’ve never seen him lose his temper.
3. Translate into Russian paying attention to The Participle Construction.
1. Two objects having the same temperature, the avarage energy of their molecule motion is the same.
2. Computers can be subdivided into two classes, anolog and digital, the basic distinction being the way
in which numbers are prsented inside the machine for calculating.
3. A new techneque having been worked out, the results rose.
4. The Earth revolves around the Sun, the Sun moving relative to the stars.
5. The term “speed” means the rate of motion, the term “velocity” meaning the speed in a definite
direction.
2
4. Translate into Russian and define the function of the Participle.
1. Having extracted the acid, they continued experimenting.
2. The new reciever being tested will be used in this system.
3. While explaining the results of the experiment he wrote a great numbers of formulae.
4. The obtained substance possesses unsusual properties.
5. Having been tested, the computer system was installed at a plant.
Test. Var 1.
1. Раскройте скобки, употребляя сложное дополнение.
Lobachevsky
Men of science (1- to consider, Lobachevsky, to be) a great mathematician.The whole world (2to know, Lobachevsky, to explain ) the priciples of the theory of parallel line. We (3- to consider, he, to
be) a great organizer of popular education, and we (4- to know, he, to write) much on the problems of
education.
Lobachevsky was born on December 1, 1792 near Nizhny Novgorod. His father died when he
was only a child, leaving the family in extreme poverty. The family moved to Kazan where Lobachevsky
was admitted to the gymnasium. We (5- to know, his progress, to be rapid) in mathematics and classics.
At he age of 14 he entered the university of Kazan where he is known to have spent 40 years as a
student, assistant professor, and finally rector. Under his direction great improvements were made at the
University. We (6- to know, an observatory, to be founded) and a mechanical workshop (7- to be
established).
For 2200 years all the mankind (8- to believe, Euclid, to discover) an absolute truth. Lobachevsky
proved Euclid’s axiom an absolute truth. He built a new geometrical theory quite different from that of
Euclid. We (9- to know, his ideas, to influence) not only geometry, but mechanics, phisics, astronomy as
well. Like Galileo, Copernicus and Newton he is one of those who laid the foundation of science.
2. Ttranslate the following sentences, paying attention to the Complex Subject.
1. Electricity turns out to be able to travel instantly over a long peace of wire.
2. Ceramic composites are sure to be widely used.
3. Lasers appeared to be highly useful for solving the problem of controlled thermonuclear reaction
and communication.
4. Landau and Ginzburg introduced a model which proved to be useful in understanding
electromagnetic properties of superconductors.
5. Glass seems to conduct so little current that it is hardly measurable.
6. These forms of radiant energy have been found to travel through space with a big speed.
7. Lomonosov and Franklin happened to make their experiments in the field of atmospheric
electricity at about the same time.
8. The rate at which a body falls is found to depend on the value of G.
9. This substance was proved to be extremely stable.
10. This compound is not sure to contain admixtures.
3. Translate into Russian paying attention to The Participle Construction.
1. There are many good conductors of electricity, silver and copper being the best of all.
2. The resistance being very high, the current in the circuit was slow.
3. Different molecules have different speeds, the average speed of all molecules remaining the
same as long as the temperature is constant.
4. Many scientists have tried to cool some gas to absolute zero, their attempts coming to nothing.
5. The road conditions being unchanged, the automobile can travel at a constant speed.
3
4. Translate into Russian and define the function of the Participle.
1. Having measured the potential diference they compared the results obtained.
2. The substance being investigated contained some admixtures.
3. Recently there have appeared battery-powered cars.
4. When coated with some conducting material the object becomes the conductor.
5. New alloys have appeared during the last decades, among them a magnesium-lithium
alloys developed by our scientists.
TEST
Variant 1.
1.
Раскройте скобки, употребляя сложное подлежащее.
Conductors and insulators.
Conductors (1- to know, to have) a low resistance so that current easily passes through them.
The lower the resistance of the material, the more current can
pass through it.
The most common conductors are metals. Silver and copper ( 2 - to suppose, to be) the best of
them. The advantage of copper is that it is much cheaper than silver. Thus copper is widely used to
produce wire conductors. One of the common functions of wire conductors ( 3- to consider, to connect) a
voltage source to a load resistance. Since copper wire conductors have a very low resistance a minimum
voltage drop is produced in them. Thus, all of the applied voltage can produce current in the load
resistance.
The most material (4- to find, to change) the value of resistance when their temperature changes.
Metals increase their resistance when the temperature increases while carbon decreases it resistance
when the temperature increases. Thus, metals (5- to appear, to have) a positive temperature coefficient
of resistance while carbon to have a negative temperature coefficient.
Materials having very high resistance (6 - to know, to call) insulators. Current passes through insulator
with great difficulty.
The most common insulators (7- to believe, to be) air, paper, rubber, plastics. Any insulator (8-to
be certain, to conduct) current when high enough voltage is applied to it. Currents of great value must be
applied to insulators in order to make them conduct. The higher the resistance of an insulator, the greater
the applied voltage must be.
When an insulator is connected a voltage source, it (9- to turn out, to store) electric charge and
a potential is produced on the insulator. Thus, insulators (10- to be sure, to have) two main functions:
1. to isolate conducting wires and thus to prevent a short between them and
2. to store electric charge when a voltage source is applied.
2. Translate into Russian paying attention to Complex Object.
1.Any student must know a voltmeter to be used for measuring the potential difference between any
two points in a circuit.
2. I noticed that he wasn’t practically interested in the conversation.
3. Modern discoveries allow science and engineering to be developed rapidly.
4. The engineers expect this phenomenon to be investigated in their laboratory.
5.She noticed them first walking up the path from the lake.
6. We know the pressure to decrease as altitude increases.
7. He counts upon complex calculations to be carried out with the help of the computer.
8. We waited for them to begin the conversation.
9. We believe the greater part of energy to be used for supplying plants in that region.
10. I’ve never seen him lose his temper.
4
Test. Var 1.
1. Раскройте скобки, употребляя сложное дополнение.
Lobachevsky
Men of science (1- to consider, Lobachevsky, to be) a great mathematician. The whole world (2to know, Lobachevsky, to explain ) the principles of the theory of parallel line. We (3- to consider, he, to
be) a great organizer of popular education, and we (4- to know, he, to write) much on the problems of
education.
Lobachevsky was born on December 1,1792 near Nizhny Novgorod. His father died when he was
only a child, leaving the family in extreme poverty. The family moved to Kazan where Lobachevsky was
admitted to the gymnasium. We (5- to know, his progress, to be rapid) in mathematics and classics. At
he age of 14 he entered the university of Kazan where he is known to have spent 40 years as a student,
assistant professor, and finally rector. Under his direction great improvements were made at the
University. We (6- to know, an observatory, to be founded) and a mechanical workshop (7- to be
established).
For 2200 years all the mankind (8- to believe, Euclid, to discover) an absolute truth. Lobachevsky
proved Euclid’s axiom an absolute truth. He built a new geometrical theory quite different from that of
Euclid. We (9- to know, his ideas, to influence) not only geometry, but mechanics, physics, astronomy as
well. Like Galileo, Copernicus and Newton he is one of those who laid the foundation of science.
2. Translate the following sentences, paying attention to the Complex Subject.
1. Electricity turns out to be able to travel instantly over a long peace of wire.
2. Ceramic composites are sure to be widely used.
3. Lasers appeared to be highly useful for solving the problem of controlled thermonuclear reaction
and communication.
4. Landau and Ginzburg introduced a model which proved to be useful in understanding
electromagnetic properties of superconductors.
5. Glass seems to conduct so little current that it is hardly measurable.
6. These forms of radiant energy have been found to travel through space with a big speed.
7. Lomonosov and Franklin happened to make their experiments in the field of atmospheric electricity